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Safety and Efficacy of an Augmented Intense Pulse Light Protocol for Dry Eye Syndrome and Blepharitis.

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg. 2020 Dec 28;:

Authors: Zhang-Nunes S, Guo S, Lee D, Chang J, Nguyen A

Abstract
Objective: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of an augmented BroadBand Light (BBL™) protocol on the upper and lower eyelids in improving meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and/or dry eye disease (DED). Background: DED, often associated with MGD, can cause significant morbidity and accounts for 3.54 billion U.S. dollars of health care spending yearly. Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been used to treat MGD DED with some success. BBL therapy, a high-quality IPL machine, shows much promise for decreasing inflammation and redness in rosacea, as well as hyperpigmentation from sun damage. Methods: A retrospective medical chart review was performed for MGD DED and/or hyperpigmentation patients who received BBL therapy between January 1, 2015, and February 28, 2020. Inclusion criteria included patients who underwent at least one BBL treatment. Each treatment involved the upper and lower eyelids, as well as cheeks, nose, and face. Each MGD DED subject completed the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) and underwent pre- and post-treatment standard clinical examinations. Results: Forty-seven patients had treatment without significant adverse effects; all patients with MGD DED reported improvement in their dry eye or blepharitis. BBL was determined to be a safe and effective treatment. There were no changes in visual acuity (p = 0.555) and OSDI scores were improved (p = 0.016). There was one case each of mild corneal/conjunctival abrasion, temporary hyperpigmentation, and two of temporary eyelash thinning. Patients with MGD also showed significant improvement in blepharitis and reduced hordeolum frequency after BBL treatment. Conclusions: This novel IPL/BBL protocol appears safe and effective for treating dry eye and blepharitis.

PMID: 33370543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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