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J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Aug 19. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14389. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that has been reported to be associated with many systemic disorders including respiratory diseases.

AIMS: This study aims to investigate respiratory function in patients with rosacea.

PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients with rosacea and age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers were included in this cross-sectional study. Spirometric pulmonary function tests including the percentage of forced vital capacity (FVC%), percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1%), forced expiratory flow at 25-75% of FVC (FEF 25-75%), and FEV 1/FVC ratio was assessed in both patient and controls. The potential relationship between rosacea severity and pulmonary functions was assessed.

RESULTS: A total of 120 patients with rosacea and 120 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Compared to the controls, FEV 1%, FEV 1/FVC%, and FEF 25-75% values were significantly lower in patients with rosacea. Lower FEV 1/FVC% values were found to be associated with disease severity. FEV 1%, FEV 1/FVC%, and FEF 25-75% values were found to be more useful in differentiating the patients from healthy subjects.

CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that patients with rosacea may have abnormal respiratory function compared to healthy subjects. Besides, disease severity was associated with worse respiratory functions. We believe that patients with rosacea, particularly those with additional risk factors, should be screened for respiratory disorders.

PMID:34411396 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14389

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