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Heliyon. 2024 Jun 1;10(11):e32275. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e32275. eCollection 2024 Jun 15.


A combination of benzoyl peroxide (BPO) and tretinoin is recommended for treating acne; however, concurrent administration can be irritating, and coformulation is prevented by BPO-mediated oxidation of tretinoin. In rosacea, benzoyl peroxide has been shown to be efficacious; however, its use has been limited by poor tolerability. To overcome these limitations, the active ingredients can be encapsulated within silica microcapsules. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved 2 products using this technology, a combination of encapsulated benzoyl peroxide and encapsulated tretinoin product for acne vulgaris and encapsulated benzoyl peroxide to treat inflammatory lesions in rosacea. The active ingredients are released through small channels in the silica shell, gradually releasing the active ingredients to the skin. This study describes the stability and release profiles of encapsulated tretinoin and encapsulated benzoyl peroxide from the silica shell in physiologically relevant conditions and provides differentiation from traditional formulations.

PMID:38947450 | PMC:PMC11214359 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e32275

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