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Filling in Pediatric Acne Practice Gaps: A Prospective Multicenter Study of Case-Based Education.

J Adolesc Health. 2016 Sep 13;

Authors: Feldstein S, Afshar M, Krakowski AC, Eichenfield LF

PURPOSE: Studies have documented practice gaps in acne management between pediatricians and dermatologists. Evidence-based recommendations for acne management were published by the American Acne and Rosacea Society and the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2013. We assess the impact of a case-based learning intervention on pediatrician knowledge and treatment of acne in accordance with published recommendations.
METHODS: Participants were recruited at four conferences for pediatric providers. Knowledge of the recommendations and confidence in utilizing them was assessed. Five case-based questions were presented, with providers choosing acne treatments before, immediately after, and 3 months after a case-based educational presentation. Answer selections consistent with the recommendations were scored as correct, and all responses were evaluated for patterns of medication selection.
RESULTS: A total of 150 individuals participated, most with over 10 years experience. Knowledge of the recommendations and confidence in prescribing acne therapy was poor. The average preintervention management selections were 70% correct, increasing significantly to 86% 3 months after intervention (p < .01). The most significant improvements were demonstrated in provider's ability to choose regimens for moderate acne consistent with published recommendations, and in recommendation-consistent usage of retinoids and benzoyl peroxide (p < .05). Persisting practice gaps included a reluctance to use topical retinoids in preadolescents and lack of initiating oral combination therapies in patients with severe acne.
CONCLUSIONS: A case-based educational intervention significantly increased providers choosing acne treatments in accordance with evidence-based recommendations in an examination setting. Limitations of the study include an inability to assess actual provider prescribing behavior through this methodology.

PMID: 27638004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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