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    • "Conclusions Patients with rosacea seem to have increased risk for depressive and anxiety symptoms also in general population. Physicians treating patients with rosacea should pay more attention to the psychosocial health of patients." Association of rosacea with depressive and anxiety symptoms: a general population study  
    • Int J Dermatol. 2023 Nov 28. doi: 10.1111/ijd.16920. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis characterized by remissions and flares. Although the rosacea active treatment phase is well established, the long-term maintenance phase is still challenging. OBJECTIVE: To discuss and make recommendations on how to treat patients during the long-term maintenance phase for the main rosacea phenotypes. METHODS: A panel of six board-certified Brazilian dermatologists and one American dermatologist gathered to compose a consensus based upon an initial statement on how to treat rosacea during the long-term maintenance phase based on the methodology Nominal Group Technique. The experts discussed each factor based upon an initial statement on how to treat rosacea patients in the long-term maintenance phase. A sequence of comprehensive narrative reviews was performed; a questionnaire preparation about the definition of the maintenance phase and its management was presented; an interpersonal discussion and ranking of the ideas were conducted. Recommendations were made if the specialists had 75% agreement. RESULTS: The maintenance treatment phase, which starts by achieving IGA 0 or 1 grades at the active phase, should be considered at least during the 9-month period after remission. The recommendations of all treatments target this period. Daily skincare regimen and sunscreen are crucial. Active treatment phase should be recommended if signs or symptoms reappear or worsen. CONCLUSION: Maintenance phase success depends on patient's adherence to daily skin care, appropriate treatments, continued follow-up with dermatologist, and self-assessment to identify new signs and symptoms indicating disease relapse. PMID:38013632 | DOI:10.1111/ijd.16920 {url} = URL to article
    • Res Sq. 2023 Nov 17:rs.3.rs-3611240. doi: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-3611240/v1. Preprint. ABSTRACT More than 20% of the population across the world is affected by non-communicable inflammatory skin diseases including psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, hidradenitis suppurativa, rosacea, etc. Many of these chronic diseases are painful and debilitating with limited effective therapeutic interventions. However, recent advances in psoriasis treatment have improved the effectiveness and provide better management of the disease. This study aims to identify common regulatory pathways and master regulators that regulate molecular pathogenesis. We designed an integrative systems biology framework to identify the significant regulators across several inflammatory skin diseases. With conventional transcriptome analysis, we identified 55 shared genes, which are enriched in several immune-associated pathways in eight inflammatory skin diseases. Next, we exploited the gene co-expression-, and protein-protein interaction-based networks to identify shared genes and protein components in different diseases with relevant functional implications. Additionally, the network analytics unravels 55 high-value proteins as significant regulators in molecular pathogenesis. We believe that these significant regulators should be explored with critical experimental approaches to identify the putative drug targets for more effective treatments. As an example, we identified IKZF1 as a shared significant master regulator in three inflammatory skin diseases, which can serve as a putative drug target with known disease-derived molecules for developing efficacious combinatorial treatments for hidradenitis suppurativa, atopic dermatitis, and rosacea. The proposed framework is very modular, which can indicate a significant path of molecular mechanism-based drug development from complex transcriptomics data and other multi-omics data. PMID:38014119 | PMC:PMC10680929 | DOI:10.21203/rs.3.rs-3611240/v1 {url} = URL to article
    • Skin Res Technol. 2023 Nov;29(11):e13525. doi: 10.1111/srt.13525. NO ABSTRACT PMID:38009046 | DOI:10.1111/srt.13525 {url} = URL to article
    • J Dermatol. 2023 Nov 27. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.17051. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Granulomatous rosacea (GR) is a rare and distinct variant of rosacea. We report three cases of recalcitrant GR successfully treated with pulsed-dye laser (PDL) and provide experimental evidence supporting its potential as a treatment option. PDL treatment demonstrated remarkable efficacy in the three clinical cases, despite their resistance to conventional therapies. Chemokine ligand 9 (CXCL9), a key chemokine involved in inflammation and granuloma formation, was found to be increased in skin sections from all three patients. In vitro experiments using human monocytes and dermal fibroblasts demonstrated that PDL treatment significantly reduced CXCL9 expression in fibroblasts. These findings suggest that PDL may modulate CXCL9 secretion in fibroblasts, potentially limiting the recruitment of immune cells to the lesion. Although further research is needed to fully understand the precise mechanisms underlying the role of CXCL9 in GR, PDL may be a promising therapeutic approach for refractory GR. PMID:38009832 | DOI:10.1111/1346-8138.17051 {url} = URL to article
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