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    • If we had 100 core members who subscribe a dollar a month we could see the RRDi website and non profit organization going. Would you be one the core 100 members who subscribe a dollar a month? 
    • Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2024 Jun 6;151(3):103244. doi: 10.1016/j.annder.2023.103244. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:38848643 | DOI:10.1016/j.annder.2023.103244 {url} = URL to article
    • Indian J Dermatol. 2024 Mar-Apr;69(2):152-158. doi: 10.4103/ijd.ijd_815_22. Epub 2024 Apr 29. ABSTRACT Gluten, a polypeptide hapten, found in many cereals such as barley, wheat, rye, oats, and others, has been recently implicated in a range of cutaneous disorders ranging from chronic plaque psoriasis through psoriatic arthritis, urticaria (chronic as well as paediatric onset), and angioedema to lichen planus, vitiligo, and rosacea. The evidence for them is still not well reviewed. To generate evidence for the causal role of gluten in various dermatological disorders. The Pubmed, MedLine, and EMBASE databases were searched using the keywords "Gluten" and one of the dermatoses, namely, "Atopic Dermatitis", "Vasculitis", "Psoriasis", "Psoriatic Arthritis", "Acne", "Alopecia Areata", and "Immunobullous disorders". All articles published in English for which free full text was available were taken into consideration. The search strategy returned in a total of 1487 articles which were screened for relevance and elimination of duplicates. Ultimately, around 114 articles were deemed suitable. The data were extracted and presented in the narrative review format. A simple and cost-effective solution to many of these chronic and lifelong conditions is to restrict gluten in the diet. However, the dermatologist would do well to remember that in the vast majority of dermatological disorders including the ones listed here, gluten restriction is not warranted and can even lead to nutritional deficiencies. The evidence varied from Grade I for some disorders like psoriatic arthritis to Grade IV to most disorders like acne, vitiligo, vasculitis, and atopic dermatitis. Herein, we review the evidence for each of these conditions and make practical recommendations for gluten restriction in them. PMID:38841247 | PMC:PMC11149804 | DOI:10.4103/ijd.ijd_815_22 {url} = URL to article
    • Skin Appendage Disord. 2024 Jun;10(3):207-214. doi: 10.1159/000536246. Epub 2024 Feb 2. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory dermatosis characterized by erythema, telangiectasia, papules, and pustules on the central face. The frequency of contact sensitization complicating rosacea and its therapy is unknown, with only few studies published in the literature. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate contact sensitivity in patients with rosacea. METHODS: A total of 50 rosacea patients and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Both groups were patch tested with the European Baseline Series. RESULTS: A positive reaction to at least one allergen of the European Baseline Series was observed in 15 (30%) of rosacea patients and 10 (20%) of the healthy controls. Although the rate of positive reaction in the rosacea group was higher than in the controls, no statistically significant difference was documented. In addition, the total number of positive reactions to allergens in the rosacea group was higher than the control group, namely, 26 versus 17. CONCLUSION: Contact hypersensitivity may coexist with rosacea. Its identification holds significant clinical relevance, influencing the long-term management and justifying the application of patch testing in rosacea patients. PMID:38835717 | PMC:PMC11147521 | DOI:10.1159/000536246 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2024 Jun 3. doi: 10.1111/jocd.16372. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND & AIM: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory, multifactorial disease for which combination therapy could be an effective treatment. In this study, we evaluate the effect of the combination therapy of brimonidine 0.33% and ivermectin 1% as a single cream for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea. METHOD: A stable and appropriate formulation was prepared by adding the aqueous phase to the lipid phase while being stirred. The stability and physicochemical properties of the formulation were evaluated under accelerated conditions. Twelve patients (36-60 years) with mild to moderate papulopustular rosacea and a Demodex count of five or more were treated with the combination of brimonidine 0.33% and ivermectin 1% cream. Clinician's Erythema Assessment (CEA), Patients Self-Assessment (PSA), skin erythema (ΔE) and lightness (ΔL), and skin biophysical parameters including transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration, pH, and sebum content, as well as erythema and melanin index and ultrasound parameters, were measured before treatment and 4 and 8 weeks after. Adverse drug reactions were also recorded. RESULTS: CEA and PSA decreased significantly from 3 to 2 after 8 weeks, respectively (p-value = 0.014 for CEA and 0.010 for PSA). ΔE and ΔL, as well as skin erythema index and TEWL improved after 8 weeks of treatment (p < 0.05). Two patients withdrew from the study in the first week because of local adverse effects; one developed flushing following treatment and left the investigation after 4 weeks and another patient withdrew from the study after 4 weeks due to deciding to become pregnant. CONCLUSION: Eight-week treatment with the combination of brimonidine 0.33% and ivermectin 1% was shown to be effective for improvement of erythema and inflammatory lesions in mild to moderate papulopustular rosacea. PMID:38831548 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.16372 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2024 Jun 3. doi: 10.1111/jocd.16413. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a repairing mask as an adjunctive treatment for skin barrier maintenance of mild to moderate rosacea. METHODS: Patients with rosacea were recruited in this dual center randomized controlled trial from November 2019 to December 2021. A total of 64 patients were included and randomized into two groups at a ratio of 3:1 into a mask group (n = 47) and a control group (n = 17). Patients in the mask group received treatment with Dr. Yu Centella asiatica repairing facial mask three times weekly for a duration of 6 weeks. All participants were instructed to continue their regimen of 50 mg oral minocycline twice daily and to apply Dr. Yu Intensive Hydrating Soft Cream twice daily. The primary endpoint of this study was the Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) score. RESULTS: A total of 54 patients completed this trial, with 41 in the mask group and 13 in the control group. After using this facial mask for 3 and 6 weeks, the IGA, facial skin dryness, facial flushing, and severity of skin lesion in the mask group showed significantly improvement (p < 0.05). Moreover, the change in the delta degree of skin flushing was significantly higher than that in the control group (p = 0.037). Throughout the study, no adverse events were reported in either group of participants. CONCLUSION: The Dr. Yu Centella asiatica repairing facial mask, as an adjunctive treatment of rosacea, appears to effectively repair and protect the skin barrier, alleviate cutaneous symptoms of rosacea, and is both efficacious and safe for patient use. PMID:38831627 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.16413 {url} = URL to article
    • J Drugs Dermatol. 2024 Jun 1;23(6):446-449. doi: 10.36849/JDD.8362. ABSTRACT Acne vulgaris is a common chronic dermatological condition characterized by obstruction and inflammation of pilosebaceous units. Recent research on a different dermatologic condition has demonstrated that the use of vasodilatory medications is associated with a decreased relative risk of rosacea. This finding is significant due to the overlapping inflammatory pathways involved in rosacea and acne. Herein, a retrospective cohort study was designed to determine the correlation between vasodilator usage and the risk of developing acne within 5 years, contrasting it with thiazide diuretics, chosen as a control due to its non-vasodilatory antihypertensive mechanism and availability of data. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (RR, 0.775; 95% CI, 0.727-0.826; P&lt;0.05), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) (RR, 0.739; 95% CI, 0.685-0.797; P&lt;0.05), beta-blockers (BB) (RR, 0.829; 95% CI, 0.777-0.885; P&lt;0.05), and calcium channel blockers (CCB) usage (RR, 0.821, 95% CI, 0.773-0.873; P&lt;0.05) were associated with a significantly lower risk of developing acne within 5 years of initiating therapy compared to thiazide diuretics. It is unclear if thiazide diuretics are more likely to cause acne within the adult population or if vasodilators are protective against the development of acne. Finding mechanisms and therapeutics that lower the risk of developing acne is of significant public health interest, and this study provides a step toward this endeavor. Further research is required to uncover the underlying mechanisms for this reduction in the development of acne.&nbsp; J Drugs Dermatol. 2024;23(6):446-449.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; doi:10.36849/JDD.8362. PMID:38834225 | DOI:10.36849/JDD.8362 {url} = URL to article
    • Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2024 Jun 3:102247. doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2024.102247. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of topical autologous serum and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in patients with severe dry eye and persistent epithelial defects. METHODS: Sixty-seven eyes of 42 patients including 12 Sjogren, 11 meibomian gland dysfunction, 8 post penetrating keratoplasty, 5 acne rosacea, 5 chemical burn and 3 neurotophic keratopathy were analyzed. Best corrected visual acuity, Schirmer, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), tear break-up time, Oxford staining scores were measured before the treatment and 1 month. One month scores of two groups were compared. RESULTS: Thirty three eyes received autologous serum and 34 received PRP. There was no statistically significant differences between two groups in ocular surface parameters at baseline. Statistically significant improvements were achieved in both groups in all parameters at 1 month (p < 0.05). Schirmer score improved from 7.9 ± 7.6 to 10.6 ± 8.4 mm in autologous serum (p < 0.001) and from 10.9 ± 9.5 to 13.3 ± 10.1 in PRP (p < 0.001); BUT from 4.3 ± 2.7 to 6.7 ± 3.4 s (p < 0.001) and 4.5 ± 3.0 to 6.0 ± 3.6 (p < 0.001); OSDI from 47.7 ± 14.7 to 25.7 ± 11.0 (p < 0.001) and from 54.1 ± 17.3 to 26.8 ± 11.0 (p < 0.001); Oxford score from 4.0 ± 1.0 to 1.3 ± 1.1 in (p < 0.001) and 3.9 ± 0.9 to 1.6 ± 1.3 (p < 0.001) respectively. Significant visual improvement was achieved with PRP from 0.81 ± 0.73 LogMAR to 0.72 ± 0.63 (p = 0.025), whereas insignificant with serum from 0.60 ± 0.65 to 0.57 ± 0.67 (p = 0.147). Mean epithelial healing time was 6.7 ± 4.7 (2-14) days in serum and 3.6 ± 1.9 (2-7) in PRP (p = 0.195). CONCLUSIONS: Both treatments are equally effective in severe dry eye and persistent epithelial defects. Although, visual gain is higher in PRP, autologous serum may be preferable due to low cost. PMID:38834425 | DOI:10.1016/j.clae.2024.102247 {url} = URL to article
    • Lasers Med Sci. 2024 Jun 1;39(1):146. doi: 10.1007/s10103-024-04098-9. ABSTRACT Previous clinical studies have shown that pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intense pulsed light (IPL) are effective for treating erythematotelangiectatic rosacea(ETR). This article aims to compare the efficacy and safety of PDL and IPL at three different wavelength bands (broad-band, single-narrow-band, and dual-narrow-band) in treating ETR. Sixty subjects with ETR were randomly categorized into four groups and received one of the following laser treatments: PDL (595 nm), IPL with Delicate Pulse Light (DPL, 500-600 nm), IPL with M22 590 (590-1200 nm), or IPL with M22 vascular filter (530-650 nm and 900-1200 nm). Four treatment sessions were administered at 4-week intervals, with one follow-up session 4 weeks after the final treatment. The efficacy of the four lasers was evaluated by comparing the clinical symptom score, total effective rate, VISIA red area absolute score, and RosaQoL score before and after treatment. The safety was evaluated by comparing adverse reactions such as pain, purpura, erythematous edema, and blister. All 60 subjects completed the study. Within-group effects showed that the clinical symptom score, VISIA red area absolute score, and RosaQoL score of all four groups were significantly reduced compared to before treatment (p < 0.001). Between-group effects showed no statistically significant difference among the four laser groups. Safety analysis showed that all four lasers were safe, but the incidence of blister was higher in the M22 vascular group. Nonpurpurogenic PDL, DPL, M22 590, and M22 vascular were equally effective in treating ETR and were well-tolerated. ClinicalTrial.gov Identifier: NCT05360251. PMID:38822948 | DOI:10.1007/s10103-024-04098-9 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2024 May 30. doi: 10.1111/jocd.16417. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The changes in the skin caused by obesity may predispose patients with rosacea to Demodex infestation (DI). Besides, identifying predisposing factors in these patients is important for initial treatment plan. AIMS: The main purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between DI and obesity in patients with rosacea. METHODS: Sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index, and clinical features of 130 rosacea patients were recorded. Demodex density was measured by noninvasive standard skin biopsy, and a determination of ≥5/cm2 mites was regarded as positive for DI. Patients with a BMI of 30 and above were categorized as the obese group, and those with a BMI below 30 were classified as the nonobese group. Moreover, patients were divided according to DI into positive and negative. These groups were compared with each other. RESULTS: Upon comparing the patients with and without obesity, it was noted that the obese patients had significantly higher rates of erythematotelangiectatic type rosacea, rosacea severity, and flushing complaints. Furthermore, results show that the DI was significantly more common in obese patients. The most determinant factors for predicting DI in rosacea patients were papulopustular type rosacea, obesity, and rosacea severity, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, DI was found to be more common in obese patients with rosacea. Besides, obesity was found to be one of the most determining factors in detecting DI in patients with rosacea. PMID:38817094 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.16417 {url} = URL to article
    • Cureus. 2024 Apr 30;16(4):e59373. doi: 10.7759/cureus.59373. eCollection 2024 Apr. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Skin diseases can lead to stigmatization with negative consequences for patients' quality of life and mental health. AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of stigmatization experienced by patients with vitiligo, psoriasis, acne, rosacea, or atopic dermatitis and to assess the relationships between the level of stigmatization and patient characteristics. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adult patients with vitiligo, psoriasis, acne, rosacea, or atopic dermatitis attending the dermatology clinics of various general hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Stigma levels were assessed using the six-item Stigma Scale. RESULTS: The prevalence of stigmatization was 90.4% among the 280 patients included. Multiple regression analyses revealed the factors that independently and significantly increased the level of stigmatization. These included male gender (B = 4.300, 95%CI 3.407-5.192, P <0.001), positive family history of skin conditions (B = 2.267, 95%CI 1.139-3.395, P <0.001), number of skin diseases (B = 2.357, 95%CI 0.998-3.716, P = 0.001), and presence of facial lesions (B = 2.455, 95%CI 1.206-3.705, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of stigmatization is high among patients with chronic skin diseases in Saudi Arabia. Identifying patients at risk for high levels of stigmatization may allow them to be provided with appropriate social and psychological support. PMID:38817457 | PMC:PMC11139009 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.59373 {url} = URL to article
    • Dermatol Surg. 2024 May 31. doi: 10.1097/DSS.0000000000004264. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:38820431 | DOI:10.1097/DSS.0000000000004264 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cutan Med Surg. 2024 May 28:12034754241253195. doi: 10.1177/12034754241253195. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition affecting approximately 5.5% of the global population. Patients present heterogeneously with a mix of features in the central facial region, of which papules and pustules are considered to be a major feature. The identification of effective treatments for reducing inflammatory lesions in rosacea can alleviate the psychosocial burden that many rosacea patients experience, including reduced self-esteem, anxiety, and social withdrawal. The objective of this systematic review is to determine the effectiveness of topical and systemic therapies in reducing lesion count in rosacea patients. METHODS/RESULTS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched, resulting in the inclusion of 43 clinical trials reporting on a total of 18,347 rosacea patients. The most well-studied treatments include ivermectin, metronidazole, azelaic acid, minocycline, and doxycycline. Oral isotretinoin was the most effective treatment in reducing inflammatory lesions and may be recommended for severe recalcitrant cases of rosacea. CONCLUSIONS: Several topical and systemic therapies have demonstrated efficacy in reducing inflammatory lesion count in rosacea patients, with mechanisms of action centred around suppressing inflammation and killing Demodex folliculorum mites. Additional research is required to determine effective combination therapies in rosacea. PMID:38807451 | DOI:10.1177/12034754241253195 {url} = URL to article
    • JAMA Dermatol. 2024 May 29:e241420. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2024.1420. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT IMPORTANCE: Masculinizing gender-affirming hormonal therapy is associated with the development of acne. While isotretinoin is a highly effective acne treatment, little is known about its effectiveness and safety among transgender and gender-diverse individuals receiving gender-affirming hormonal therapy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes of isotretinoin among transgender and gender-diverse individuals receiving gender-affirming hormonal therapy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This multicenter retrospective case series study was conducted at 4 medical centers: Mass General Brigham, University of Pennsylvania, Emory University, and Fenway Health. It included patients aged between 12 and 49 years who were receiving masculinizing gender-affirming hormonal therapy and prescribed isotretinoin for the management of acne between August 14, 2015, and September 20, 2023. EXPOSURE: Isotretinoin therapy for the management of acne. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The percentage of patients experiencing improvement or clearance of acne, as well as rates of acne recurrence. Adverse effects and reasons for treatment discontinuation were also evaluated. RESULTS: Among 55 included patients, the mean (SD) age was 25.4 years; 4 (7.3%) were Asian, 2 (3.6%) were Black, 4 (7.2%) were Hispanic, 1 was (1.8%) multiracial, and 36 (65.5%) were White. The median isotretinoin course duration was 6 months (IQR, 4.0-8.0), with a median cumulative dose of 132.7 mg/kg (IQR, 66.4-168.5); the cumulative dose was less than 90 mg/kg for 16 patients (29.1%) and less than 120 mg/kg for 22 patients (40.0%). Isotretinoin was associated with improvement in 48 patients (87.3%) and clearance in 26 patients (47.3%). For the 33 patients treated with a cumulative dose of 120 mg/kg or more, these rates increased to 32 patients (97.0%) and 21 patients (63.6%), respectively. Among the 20 patients who achieved acne clearance and had any subsequent health care encounters, the risk of recurrence was 20.0% (n = 4). The most frequently reported adverse effects were dryness (n = 44; 80.0%), joint pain (n = 8; 14.5%), and eczema (n = 5; 9.1%). Laboratory abnormalities were uncommon. Reasons for premature treatment discontinuation included cost, pharmacy issues, adverse effects, logistical reasons (scheduling), and wound healing concerns for gender-affirming surgery. CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: In this case series study of individuals with acne who were receiving masculinizing gender-affirming hormonal therapy and underwent isotretinoin treatment, isotretinoin was often effective and well tolerated. However, premature treatment discontinuation was common and associated with poorer outcomes. Further efforts are needed to understand optimal dosing and treatment barriers to improve outcomes in transgender and gender-diverse individuals receiving masculinizing gender-affirming hormonal therapy. PMID:38809569 | PMC:PMC11137662 | DOI:10.1001/jamadermatol.2024.1420 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cutan Med Surg. 2024 May 28:12034754241254051. doi: 10.1177/12034754241254051. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Ocular rosacea is an underdiagnosed form of rosacea that may occur with or without typical cutaneous signs of rosacea. One of the common manifestations is dry eyes. Although the use of intense pulsed light (IPL) in the treatment of rosacea-related dry eyes has been reported, a recent review is lacking. METHODS: A scoping review was performed to summarize the efficacy of IPL in the treatment of ocular rosacea. RESULTS: Five articles were included, representing 108 patients, with a mean age of 58.4 years. Based on available data, 59.2% (n = 58/98) were female. The studies detailed the use of IPL in combination with meibomian gland expression treatment. Overall, 91% (n = 89/98) of patients with ocular rosacea treated with IPL had a partial response and 9% (n = 9/98) had no response. IPL therapy did not lead to complete recovery in any of the included patients. One participant experienced an adverse event across the included studies. CONCLUSIONS: IPL is a promising treatment modality for ocular rosacea, as demonstrated by its ability to relieve dry eye symptoms with limited adverse events. Further research into this novel treatment is necessary to ascertain its role in the management of ocular rosacea. PMID:38804504 | DOI:10.1177/12034754241254051 {url} = URL to article
    • Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2024 May 21;17:1193-1202. doi: 10.2147/CCID.S457960. eCollection 2024. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The treatment of recurrent rosacea has always been a problem. Oral minocycline has been widely used in the treatment of rosacea. However, the efficacy and safety of ozonated hydrotherapy combined with LED yellow light irradiation and oral minocycline for mild to moderate papulopustular rosacea (PPR) has not been thoroughly studied. METHODS: Patients with rosacea who met the criteria and had complete clinical statistic admitted to our hospital from April 2021 to September 2022 were retrospectively collected and divided into combined therapy group and oral only group. The patients in the two groups were treated with minocycline for 8 weeks. In addition, the patients in combined therapy group were treated with ozone hydrotherapy once a week, followed by LED yellow light irradiation for a total of 4 weeks. The Investigator' s global assessment (IGA) score was used to assess the condition. The efficacy was evaluated using the patients' subjective symptom scores. Skin lesion images and adverse reactions were recorded. The recurrence rate was observed after 24 weeks of follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients included in the study. After 4 weeks of treatment, the effective rate was 90% in combined therapy group and 52.63% in oral only group (p<0.05). After 8 weeks of treatment, the total score of the patients' subjective symptom scores and the scores of itching and burning sensation in combined therapy group were lower than those in oral only group (p<0.05). After 24 weeks of follow-up, the recurrence rate of combined therapy group was 5%, and that of oral only group was 26.32%. The mild adverse reactions experienced by both groups disappeared during follow-up. CONCLUSION: This combination therapy has a significant, rapid and safe therapeutic effect, especially in relieving itching and burning sensations, and may reduce the recurrence rate. PMID:38800354 | PMC:PMC11127692 | DOI:10.2147/CCID.S457960 {url} = URL to article
    • Lancet. 2024 May 22:S0140-6736(24)00101-6. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(24)00101-6. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Patients with hidradenitis suppurativa have substantial unmet clinical needs and scarce therapeutic options. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of bimekizumab, a monoclonal IgG1 antibody that selectively inhibits interleukin (IL)-17F and IL-17A, in patients with moderate-to-severe hidradenitis suppurativa. METHODS: BE HEARD I and II were two identically designed, 48-week randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre phase 3 trials. Patients aged 18 years or older with moderate-to-severe hidradenitis suppurativa were randomly assigned 2:2:2:1 using interactive response technology (stratified by worst Hurley Stage at baseline and baseline systemic antibiotic use) to receive subcutaneous bimekizumab 320 mg every 2 weeks; bimekizumab 320 mg every 2 weeks to week 16, then every 4 weeks to week 48; bimekizumab 320 mg every 4 weeks to week 48; or placebo to week 16, then bimekizumab 320 mg every 2 weeks. The primary outcome was an hidradenitis suppurativa clinical response of at least 50%, defined as a reduction in total abscess and inflammatory nodule count of at least 50% from baseline with no increase from baseline in abscess or draining tunnel count (HiSCR50) at week 16. Efficacy analyses included all randomly assigned study patients (intention-to-treat population). Safety analyses included all patients who received at least one full or partial dose of study treatment in the safety set, and of bimekizumab in the active-medication set. These trials are registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04242446 and NCT04242498, and both are completed. FINDINGS: Patients for BE HEARD I were recruited from Feb 19, 2020, to Oct 27, 2021, and 505 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned. Patients for BE HEARD II were recruited from March 2, 2020, to July 28, 2021, and 509 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned. The primary outcome at week 16 was met in the group who received bimekizumab every 2 weeks using modified non-responder imputation; higher responder rates were observed with bimekizumab versus placebo in both trials: 138 (48%) of 289 patients versus 21 (29%) of 72 patients in BE HEARD I (odds ratio [OR] 2·23 [97·5% CI 1·16-4·31]; p=0·0060) and 151 (52%) of 291 patients versus 24 (32%) of 74 patients in BE HEARD II (2·29 [1·22-4·29]; p=0·0032). In BE HEARD II, HiSCR50 was also met in the group who were administered bimekizumab every 4 weeks (77 [54%] of 144 vs 24 [32%] of 74 with placebo; 2·42 [1·22-4·80]; p=0·0038). Responses were maintained or increased to week 48. Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 40 (8%) patients in BE HEARD I and in 24 (5%) patients in BE HEARD II treated with bimekizumab over 48 weeks. The most frequently reported treatment-emergent adverse events to week 48 were hidradenitis in both trials, in addition to coronavirus infection and diarrhoea in BE HEARD I, and oral candidiasis and headache in BE HEARD II. One death was reported across the two trials, and was due to congestive heart failure in a patient with substantial cardiovascular history treated with bimekizumab every 2 weeks in BE HEARD I (considered unrelated to bimekizumab treatment by the investigator). No new safety signals were observed. INTERPRETATION: Bimekizumab was well tolerated by patients with hidradenitis suppurativa and produced rapid and deep clinically meaningful responses that were maintained up to 48 weeks. Data from these two trials support the use of bimekizumab for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe hidradenitis suppurativa. FUNDING: UCB Pharma. PMID:38795716 | DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(24)00101-6 {url} = URL to article
    • Life (Basel). 2024 May 1;14(5):585. doi: 10.3390/life14050585. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested a possible connection between rosacea and patients' gut microbiota. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in fecal microbial profiles between patients with rosacea and healthy controls. METHODS: Gut microbiota of 54 rosacea patients (RP) were analyzed using MiSeq 16S rRNA sequencing. Enterotypes, the Firmicutes/Bacteroides (F/B) ratio, the significance of alpha and beta diversity, and differential abundance analysis (DAA) were calculated and compared with age- and gender-matched controls (CP, n = 50). RESULTS: Significant changes in the enterotypes and F/B ratio were observed between the RP and CP (p = 0.017 and p = 0.002, respectively). The RP showed a decreased microbial richness and diversity compared to the CP (Shannon p = 0.012, inverse Simpson p = 0.034). Beta diversity also differed between both groups (PERMANOVA, p = 0.006). Fourteen significantly different taxa were detected according to DAA. Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (coef. -0.0800, p = 0.008), Lachnoospiraceae ND 3007 group sp. (coef. -0.073, p < 0.001), and Ruminococcaceae (coef. -0.072, p = 0.015) were significantly decreased; Oscillobacter sp. (coef. 0.023, p = 0.031), Flavonifractor plautii (coef. 0.011, p = 0.037), and Ruminococccaceae UBA 1819 (coef. 0.010, p = 0.031) were significantly increased in the RP compared to the CP. CONCLUSION: Significant alterations in gut microbiota were present in the RP. Taxonomic shifts and reduced richness and diversity were observed when compared to the CP. Larger prospective studies are needed to investigate correlations with clinical features and to translate these findings into future therapeutic approaches. PMID:38792606 | DOI:10.3390/life14050585 {url} = URL to article
    • Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 2024 Apr 29;17(5):571. doi: 10.3390/ph17050571. ABSTRACT Conventional therapy is commonly used for the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions, but undesirable effects, such as erythema, dryness, skin thinning, and resistance to treatment, may cause poor patient compliance. Therefore, patients may seek complementary treatment with herbal plant products including essential oils (EOs). This scoping review aims to generate a broad overview of the EOs used to treat inflammatory skin conditions, namely, acne vulgaris, dermatitis and eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea, in a clinical setting. The quality, efficacy, and safety of various EOs, as well as the way in which they are prepared, are reviewed, and the potential, as well as the limitations, of EOs for the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions are discussed. Twenty-nine eligible studies (case studies, uncontrolled clinical studies, and randomized clinical studies) on the applications of EOs for inflammatory skin conditions were retrieved from scientific electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library). As an initial result, tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil emerged as the most studied EO. The clinical studies with tea tree oil gel for acne treatment showed an efficacy with fewer adverse reactions compared to conventional treatments. The uncontrolled studies indicated the potential efficacy of ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) oil, eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) oil, and cedarwood (Cedrus libani) oil in the treatment of acne, but further research is required to reach conclusive evidence. The placebo-controlled studies revealed the positive effects of kānuka (Kunzea ericoides) oil and frankincense (Boswellia spp.) oil in the treatment of psoriasis and eczema. The quality verification of the EO products was inconsistent, with some studies lacking analyses and transparency. The quality limitations of some studies included a small sample size, a short duration, and the absence of a control group. This present review underscores the need for extended, well-designed clinical studies to further assess the efficacy and safety of EOs for treating inflammatory skin conditions with products of assured quality and to further elucidate the mechanisms of action involved. PMID:38794141 | DOI:10.3390/ph17050571 {url} = URL to article
    • J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2024 Jun;38(6):993-994. doi: 10.1111/jdv.20016. NO ABSTRACT PMID:38794933 | DOI:10.1111/jdv.20016 {url} = URL to article
    • Arch Dermatol Res. 2024 May 25;316(6):252. doi: 10.1007/s00403-024-02993-3. NO ABSTRACT PMID:38795192 | DOI:10.1007/s00403-024-02993-3 {url} = URL to article
    • Arch Dermatol Res. 2024 May 24;316(6):231. doi: 10.1007/s00403-024-03049-2. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a chronic cutaneous disease that manifests with facial erythema, telangiectasia, papules and pustules on the central face. Although the pathogenesis is not well established, rosacea appears to have a close relationship with Demodex mites. The aim of the study was to elucidate the factors influencing Demodex mite density by standardized superficial skin biopsy (SSSB) in patients with rosacea. This prospective, cross-sectional study included 200 patients with rosacea. Clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded and SSSB was used to measure Demodex density (Dd). If Dd was < 5 D/cm2 in the first SSSB, SSSB was repeated 4 more times to avoid false negative results. Of 200 patients, 152 (76%) were females and 48 (24%) males with a mean age of 43.47 ± 11.87 years. Ninety-nine patients (49.5%) had erythematotelangiectatic (ETR) and 101 patients (50.5%) had papulopustular (PPR) subtype of rosacea. Among 200 patients, the ratio of cumulative positive results of the consecutive SSSBs were as follows: 1st SSSB = 125 (62.5%), 2nd SSSB = 155 (77.5%), 3rd SSSB = 170 (85%), 4th SSSB = 173 (86.5%) and 5th SSSB = 174 (87%). The ratio of detecting Demodex infestation in the first SSSB was significantly lower in patients with PPR (55/101, 54.5%) than in patients with ETR (70/99, 70.7%). Median total Demodex mite density and D. folliculorum density were significantly higher in the ETR group than in the PPR group. There was a statistically significant relationship between density of Demodex tails in dermoscopy and positive/negative results of Demodex infestation in SSSB. As a conclusion, Demodex mite density by SSSB was influenced by various factors such as subtypes of rosacea, types of Demodex species, and dermoscopic findings. PMID:38787449 | DOI:10.1007/s00403-024-03049-2 {url} = URL to article
    • Sci Rep. 2024 May 25;14(1):11949. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-62552-8. ABSTRACT Rosacea is often considered a cosmetic problem but is known to be associated with a variety of comorbidities. To identify such risks, we generated two age- and sex-matched real-world cohorts of 122,444 patients each with and without rosacea. In contrast to earlier studies, we found significant associations with malignant melanoma (OR 6.02, 95% CI 5.76-6.32). This association does not exist for an Asian sub-cohort, which could explain previous inconclusive or conflicting reports. Several strongly associated comorbidities like visual disturbances (ICD-10: H53-H54; OR 4.80, 4.68-4.92), metabolic disorders (E73-E79; OR 3.17, 3.11-3.22), joint problems (M25; OR 4.16, 4.08-4.25) and type 2 diabetes (E11; OR 1.62, 1.58-1.65) should be watched as a risk for rosacea patients. Rosacea is associated with some comorbidities and ethnicity may be a risk factor in melanoma development. The retrospective nature of this study and the sole use of ICD-10 code based filtering calls for future validation of our findings. Additionally, confounding factors such as skin type and previous UV exposure should be included in future studies. PMID:38789467 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-024-62552-8 {url} = URL to article
    • Our members mostly are inactive. There a handful of subscribers which means they could post in our forum, however, no one posts. Rosaceans prefer to post in social media rather than here in this forum. Unless someone donates at least $1K we can't keep the lights on (our website). Every year the costs associated with the website go up.  I have given up on trying to get subscribers to post. We may simply have to dissolve this non profit patient advocacy for rosaceans since volunteering is simply not what rosaceans want to do and prefer to just hang out in social media platforms and post there.  If you have anything to say about this, why not find the reply button and post your thoughts. 
    • J Clin Immunol. 2024 May 22;44(6):130. doi: 10.1007/s10875-024-01725-6. ABSTRACT Dysregulation of the immune system in individuals with Down syndrome is thought to play a major role in the pathophysiology of many clinical presentations. This natural history of disease study took a comprehensive evaluation of the prevalence of different immune related diagnoses in a cohort of 1299 patients with Down syndrome compared to a 2605 patient control cohort at the Mount Sinai Health System in New York, NY over the past 18 years. We conducted a stepwise analysis of the odds of receiving a diagnosis at the Chapter, Sub-chapter and Diagnosis level of the ICD-CM-10 code system. Individuals in our Down syndrome cohort had higher odds of a diagnosis with inflammatory and autoimmune presentations such as Alopecia areata (OR 6.06, p = 0.01), Other sepsis (OR 4.79, p < 0.001, Purpura and other hemorrhagic conditions (OR 2.31, p < 0.001), and Rosacea (OR 3.11, p < 0.001). They also presented with lower odds of a diagnosis of Herpesviral infection (OR 0.42, p = 0.01), and Viral warts (OR 0.51, p = 0.04). We posit that dysregulation of the immune system in individuals with Down syndrome has impact on infectious diseases, including lowering the incidence of viral disease and increasing its severity. Our data also suggests inflammation and autoimmune mediated diseases, in particular of the skin, are exacerbated in individuals with Down syndrome. Finally, there may be a need for greater clinical attention to non-emergent conditions within the Down syndrome patient population as those can also greatly affect quality of life. PMID:38776031 | DOI:10.1007/s10875-024-01725-6 {url} = URL to article
    • Skin Res Technol. 2024 May;30(5):e13737. doi: 10.1111/srt.13737. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation has been shown to promote cancer progression. Rosacea is indeed a long-term inflammatory skin condition and had been reported to link with increased risk for several types of malignancies, but evidence for causality is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To systematically estimate the causal relationship between rosacea and several types of cancer, including cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM), cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), actinic keratosis (AK), thyroid cancer, breast cancer, glioma and hepatic cancer, as well as explore the potential underlying pathogenesis. METHODS: We conducted a bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization study to probe the potential causal relationships between rosacea and several types of cancer. Instrumental variables were established using genome-wide significant single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with rosacea and cancers. The assessment of causality was carried out through multiple methods, and the robustness of the results was evaluated via sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: There was no significant indication of causal effects of rosacea on CMM (pivw = 0.71), cSCC (pivw = 0.45), BCC (pivw = 0.90), AK (pivw = 0.73), thyroid cancer (pivw = 0.59), glioma (pivw = 0.15), and hepatic cancer (pivw = 0.07), but the genetic risk of rosacea was associated with an increased susceptibility to human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-negative malignant neoplasm of breast (odds ratio [OR], 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.18; pivw = 0.01). TANK (TRAF family member associated nuclear factor kappa B (NFKB) activator) was identified as a common protective gene for both rosacea (OR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.82-0.99; pivw = 0.048) and HER-negative malignant neoplasm of the breast (OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.75-0.98; pivw = 0.032), which was primarily enriched in the negative regulation of NF-κB signal transduction and may contribute to the genetic links between rosacea and this subtype of breast cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide suggestive evidence for causal links between rosacea and HER-negative malignant neoplasm of the breast risk. PMID:38769705 | PMC:PMC11106556 | DOI:10.1111/srt.13737 {url} = URL to article
    • JAAD Int. 2024 Mar 25;16:9-17. doi: 10.1016/j.jdin.2024.03.007. eCollection 2024 Sep. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Participating members of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Task Forces on quality of life (QoL) and Patient Oriented Outcomes and Acne, Rosacea and Hidradenitis Suppurativa initiated data collection in 9 European countries and formed the list of the most relevant topics for acne patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a new acne-specific health-related QoL instrument based on the list of the most relevant topics for acne patients. METHODS: After assessment by acne patients (n = 715) on how clear and relevant the items in the prototype questionnaire were, a group of experts on acne and QoL performed discussions on items inclusion, which resulted in a series of 21 items. Then another group of acne patients (n = 1502) filled in the new version of the instrument. A factor analysis was conducted on the 21-item version. RESULTS: Three-factor model with 19 items indicated a satisfactory fit. The three dimensions were called: Socioemotional; Symptoms; Stigma and Suicidal thoughts. LIMITATIONS: Included patients and experts may not fully represent acne patients and health care professionals worldwide. CONCLUSION: A final 19-item version of the Quality of Life Relevance-Acne was developed. PMID:38764481 | PMC:PMC11098948 | DOI:10.1016/j.jdin.2024.03.007 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2024 May 20. doi: 10.1111/jocd.16392. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:38767269 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.16392 {url} = URL to article
    • Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2024 May 7;17:1033-1036. doi: 10.2147/CCID.S461558. eCollection 2024. ABSTRACT Sporotrichosis is a subacute or chronic infectious disease caused by sporothrix. It is mainly caused by Sporothrix inoculation after accidental skin injury during human labor. The clinical manifestations of sporotrichosis are variable, ranging from nodules, plaques, ulcers, verrucous lesions, and subcutaneous masses. Some reports indicate that sporotrichosis can mimic psoriasis-like lesions. We herein report a case of sporotrichosis mimicking rosacea lesions. In addition, the patient had a history of nasal trauma, and we believe that the patient was inoculated with Sporothrix after the nasal skin was damaged during labor activities. The patient was given itraconazole 200 mg orally daily for 3 months, which effectively resolved the rash. PMID:38737947 | PMC:PMC11088399 | DOI:10.2147/CCID.S461558 {url} = URL to article
    • Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2024 May-Jun 01;40(3):e72-e74. doi: 10.1097/IOP.0000000000002590. Epub 2024 May 10. ABSTRACT Due to their relatively high prevalence and commensalism, the pathogenicity of Demodex mites has been debated. Recent data, however, show Demodex to be associated with skin and ocular surface diseases such as rosacea, blepharitis, and keratitis. Here the authors report the first known case, to the best of the their knowledge, of Demodex infestation mimicking preseptal cellulitis in an adult human. A 29-year-old male bilaterally blind from advanced retinopathy of prematurity presented with a 2-month history of right-greater-than-left upper eyelid and periocular/cheek swelling, redness, and ocular discharge that did not resolve with oral antibiotics or oral steroids. Based on MRI findings, biopsies of the right lacrimal gland, right orbital fat, and right upper eyelid preseptal skin were obtained which revealed marked intrafollicular Demodex mite density and budding yeasts in the upper eyelid skin. This case serves to alert clinicians to this entity that may not otherwise be usually considered in ophthalmic clinical practice. PMID:38738719 | DOI:10.1097/IOP.0000000000002590 {url} = URL to article
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