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  • Journal of the RRDI Vol 1 No 1

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    • Related Articles The Spectrum and Sequelae of Acne in Black South Africans Seen in Tertiary Institutions. Skin Appendage Disord. 2018 Oct;4(4):301-303 Authors: Dlova NC, Mosam A, Tsoka-Gwegweni J Abstract
      Introduction: Acne is a chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous unit affecting all ethnic groups. It remains in the top 5 skin conditions seen worldwide. The paucity of data characterizing acne in South African Blacks led us to the documentation of types and sequelae of acne.
      Methods: This is a cross- sectional study describing the spectrum and variants of acne in 5 tertiary hospitals in the second most populous province in South Africa over 3 months (January 1 - March 31, 2015).
      Results: Out of 3,814 patients seen in tertiary dermatology clinics, 382 (10%) had a primary diagnosis of acne or rosacea, forming the fourth most common condition seen. Acne accounted for 361 (94.5%); acne vulgaris was the commonest subtype at 273 (75.6%), followed by steroid-induced acne 46 (12.7%), middle-age acne 6 (1.7%), acne excoriée 2 (0.6%), and "undefined" 34 (9.4%).
      Conclusion: The observation of steroid-induced acne as the second most common variant in Black patients underlines the need to enquire about steroid use and education about the complications of using steroid-containing skin-lightening creams. Treatment of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation should be part of the armamentarium for holistic acne treatment in Blacks, as it remains a major concern even after active acne has resolved.
      PMID: 30410901 [PubMed] {url} = URL to article
    • Related Articles Comprehensive Diagnosis and Planning for the Difficult Rhinoplasty Patient: Applications in Ultrasonography and Treatment of the Soft-Tissue Envelope. Facial Plast Surg. 2017 Oct;33(5):509-518 Authors: Kosins AM PMID: 28962057 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] {url} = URL to article
    • Body Piercing: A National Survey in France. Dermatology. 2018 Nov 07;:1-8 Authors: Kluger N, Misery L, Seité S, Taieb C Abstract
      BACKGROUND: There are no recent data available in France regarding body piercing (BP).
      OBJECTIVE: We examined the demographics, motivations, quality of life, cutaneous conditions, and cutaneous side effects after BP within the French population.
      METHODS: A representative sample of 5,000 individuals (aged 15 and over) from the general population responded to a survey online between April and August 2017. Data regarding demographics, BP characteristics (location, age at first piercing, hesitation, regrets, motivations, cutaneous side effects), tobacco, skin conditions (acne, contact eczema, atopic eczema, rosacea, psoriasis, vitiligo), and tattoos were collected. Respondents also filled an SF-12 quality of life questionnaire.
      RESULTS: Overall, 12% of the respondents reported at least one BP (women: 19.4%, men: 8.4%, p < 0.01). The prevalence was highest among those aged between 25 and 34 years (25.8%). Individuals with BP were more likely to smoke (p < 0.01). The most common body parts for piercings were the external part of the ear (42%), the navel (24%), the tongue (15%), and the nose (11%). Gender differences included localization (belly button and nose for women, eyebrows for men) and motivations (embellishment of the body for women, individuality and sexuality for men). A total of 33.6% of the study participants reported having skin problems after BP, primarily infection (44%). Individuals with BPs were more likely to report having contact eczema, atopic dermatitis, and acne. BP was associated with a lower mental quality of life score.
      CONCLUSION: This is the largest epidemiological study on BP in France to date. It allows us to draw a precise current snapshot of French indi viduals with BP.
      PMID: 30404090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] {url} = URL to article
    • Related Articles [Not Available]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2016 Jan 25;178(4):V66927 Authors: Carlsen BC, Larsen HK, Hædersdal M PMID: 26815717 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] {url} = URL to article
    • Related Articles The microbiome in dermatology. Clin Dermatol. 2018 May - Jun;36(3):390-398 Authors: Musthaq S, Mazuy A, Jakus J Abstract
      The skin supports a delicate ecosystem of microbial elements. Although the skin typically acts as a barrier, these microbes interact with the internal body environment and imbalances from the "healthy" state that have been linked to several dermatologic diseases. Understanding the changes in microbial flora in disease states allows for the potential to treat by restoring equilibrium. With the rising popularity of holistic and natural consumerism, prebiotics, probiotics, symbiotic, and other therapies are under study to find alternative treatments to these skin disorders through manipulation or supplementation of the microbiome.
      PMID: 29908581 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] {url} = URL to article
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