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  • Misdiagnosed Rosacea

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    Articles, References and Anecdotal Reports

    There are articles on rosacea that mention misdiagnosed rosacea. While this isn't a massive problem, nevertheless, here is a list of different sources that mention the subject, including (if you scroll below) many anecdotal reports of misdiagnosis. Misdiagnosis is what falls under the medical umbrella called 'medical error.' You should be aware that rosacea may be a catch all diagnosis for a number of skin conditions that present with erythema and/or pimples. The list of skin conditions that need to be differentiated from rosacea is massive. It is no wonder that misdiagnosis occasionally happens. There are reports coming out of China of using AI in computer aided diagnosis that may reduce the number of misdiagnosed rosacea in the future. 

    Add Your Report
    If you want to add your experience with misdiagnosis please post your anecdotal report in this thread, since we are not adding to this page any more anecdotal reports. If you scroll below we have over 100 anecdotal reports of misdiagnosis. More are being added as we find more or if you add your report to this thread

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    Articles and References from Reputable Authorities 

    "To the untrained eye, unusual skin presentations can cause confusion and alarm. They can also go misdiagnosed, often not getting the attention they require. This is because many skin conditions can seem similar in appearance to one another, says Shari Marchbein, board-certified dermatologist and clinical assistant professor of dermatology at New York University School of Medicine....Another common misdiagnosis is rosacea disguised as acne, says Estee Williams, a board-certified medical, cosmetic and surgical dermatologist and clinical professor in dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City." 
    4 Skin Conditions That Are Often Misdiagnosed, According to Dermatologists, BY ERIN NICOLE CELLETTI, Allure

    "Rosacea SKINsights sponsored by Galderma Laboratories [reveals] the lengths that women with rosacea would go to if they could get rid of their rosacea forever, and highlight the low awareness and complicated diagnosis path for this common condition. On average, women with rosacea waited at least seven months before receiving a correct diagnosis, and only half of respondents had ever heard of the condition upon the time of diagnosis. This reveals the high level of misunderstanding and confusion that surrounds rosacea..." Medical News Today

    "Currently, rosacea is only diagnosed by clinical symptoms and can be confused with other dermatological diseases such as acne."
    New Treatment or Diagnosis for Rosacea with Existing Approved Drugs
    Tech ID: 19149 / UC Case 2007-047-0
    University of California, San Diego
    Technology Transfer Office

    "Despite its apparent high incidence, the nosology of rosacea is not well established, and the term “rosacea” has been applied to patients and research subjects with a diverse set of clinical findings that may or may not be an integral part of this disorder. In addition to the diversity of clinical manifestations, the etiology and pathogenesis of rosacea are unknown, and there are no histologic or serologic markers."
    Standard classification of rosacea: Report of the National Rosacea Society Expert Committee on the Classification and Staging of Rosacea

    ''Some physicians may not be aware of or recognize rosacea and may treat patients with rosacea inappropriately as if they had adult acne.''
    Dr. Jonathan Wilkin NRS Medical Advisory Board

    "Rosacea is a common dermatologic disorder. It is frequently overlooked or misdiagnosed, particularly when mild in nature."
    Rosacea: A Review of a Common Disorder by Carolyn Knox, IJAPA

    "Patients with rosacea frequently present with coexisting skin conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis, acne, perioral dermatitis, and melasma, which may complicate diagnosis and treatment."
    Heather Roebuck, Nurse Pract. 2011 Jan 11.

    "A committee member, Dr. Mark Dahl, a dermatologist at the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., said, ''This is a syndrome with lots of different elements that is easy to diagnose when all the elements are present,'' but not as easy when only one or two of the characteristics appear."
    PERSONAL HEALTH; Sometimes Rosy Cheeks Are Just Rosy Cheeks
    By JANE E. BRODY, New York Times, March 16, 2004

    "Rosacea is a complex and often misdiagnosed condition." The Rosacea Forum Moderated by Drs. Bernstein and Geronemus (site is down but you can view this statement in the Wayback Machine)

    "Whereas the classical subtypes of rosacea can be recognized quite well, the variants of rosacea may be overlooked or misdiagnosed." rosacea.dermis.net

    "Rosacea is often misdiagnosed as acne or discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)." Christiane Northup, M.D.

    "Frequently misdiagnosed as adult acne, this chronic, progressive skin disorder affects millions." Recognizing and Managing Rosacea by Thalia Swinler, JSTOR

    "The last subtype, ocular rosacea, is common but often misdiagnosed." uspharmacist.com

    "The signs and symptoms of ocular rosacea in children may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed..." NRS Rosacea Review, Summer 2008

    “It’s a condition that is often misdiagnosed and overdiagnosed. Sometimes a rosy cheek is just a rosy cheek.” Herbert Goodheart, M.D., a dermatologist in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., and author of “Acne for Dummies,” as quoted in the New York Times article

    "Dr. Jay points to the inherent dangers of misdiagnosis and inability to handle complications because of a limited understanding of cutaneous physiology."
    IPL: Wave of the future in rosacea therapy by John Nemec, Aug 1, 2006

    "...unusual manifestations of rosacea may be overlooked or misdiagnosed...."
    Rosacea: An Update
    Stanislaw A. Buechner
    Dermatology 2005;210:100-108 (DOI: 10.1159/000082564)

    "Rosacea is a skin condition as misunderstood as sensitive skin, and as frequently misdiagnosed." Dermilogica

    "Rosacea is a very common, but often misunderstood and misdiagnosed skin condition." skinlaboratory.com

    "Rosacea is a long lasting, non-scarring skin condition of the face that is often misdiagnosed as adult acne." Paul M. Friedman, MD

    "Rosacea is quite often misdiagnosed as any number of other skin disorders including acne." methodsofhealing.com

    "Often misdiagnosed as adult acne, allergy or eczema, Rosacea, if left untreated, tends to worsen over time...." Dana Anderson Skin Care

    "This present patient clearly had facial changes typical of acne rosacea, with erythema and telangiectasias of the cheeks, forehead, and nose. He had all the typical lid changes as well, including collarattes that are pathognomonic of staphylococcal blepharitis. Unfortunately, he had been misdiagnosed for several years…" Clinical Pearls by Janice A. Gault, p. 206

    "Due to the fact that lupus can cause a red rash across the nose and face, often in a butterfly pattern it can be confused with or misdiagnosed as rosacea. .." www.rosacea-treatment.net/

    "Dr. Callender also noted that rosacea is often misdiagnosed in patients of color, as clinicians may mistake the signs and symptoms of the condition for lupus – a systemic, autoimmune condition that commonly occurs as a “butterfly rash” involving the face."
    Treating acne and rosacea in people with skin of color - ihealthbulletin.com

    "...it's often overlooked in dark-skinned patients or misdiagnosed as lupus, which is marked by a red, butterfly-shaped rash in the center of the face,..." Shape May 2009

    "...the diagnosis of demodicosis is frequently masked by other skin diseases such as papulopustular or erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, seborrhoeic dermatitis, perioral dermatitis and contact dermatitis." Br J Dermatol. 2010 Feb 25.

    A Case of Precursor B-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Misdiagnosed as Rosacea.
    Han EC, Kim DY, Chung JY, Chung HJ, Chung KY.
    Korean J Dermatol. 2008 Feb;46(2):264-267

    "It is when the first diagnosis and treatment don't work that dermatologists look deeper and often discover something called demodex." Microscopic menace may be cause of skin trouble, Jennifer Van Vrancken, Reporte, FOX 8 News: WVUE Live Stream

    "Busy doctors who cannot take a detailed history will frequently miss the diagnosis, complicated further by the fact that rosacea is a great mimic of other unrelated disorders that present with a “red face”. I have often seen classical cases of rosacea mistakenly diagnosed as acne vulgaris, lupus erythematosus, seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and other inflammatory diseases." Albert Kligman, A Personal Critique on the State of Knowledge of Rosacea

    "Ocular rosacea is frequently misdiagnosed, particularly in the pediatric population." Eur J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jan 3:0. doi: 10.5301/ejo.5000103.

    A report, About some red faces, stated: "Diagnosis is based on different data: date and mode of appearance, characteristics of the erythema, functional signs, and associated systemic manifestations. A case of red face can have an infectious origin, caused by vascular, congenital, or acquired lesions, or be caused by photodermatosis, or be the main location of inflammatory dermatosis or collagenosis, but depending on the clinical context, many other diagnoses can be suggested."

    "Butterfly rash is a red flat facial rash involving the malar region bilaterally and the bridge of the nose. The presence of a butterfly rash is generally a sign of lupus erythematosus (LE), but it can also include a plethora of conditions. The case presented here is of a female with butterfly rash along with typical bright red discoloration of gingiva. The clinical, histopathological and biochemical investigations suggested the presence of rosacea."
    Contemp Clin Dent. 2012 Jul;3(3):356-8. doi: 10.4103/0976-237X.103637.
    Butterfly rash with periodontitis: A diagnostic dilemma.
    Aggarwal M, Mittal M, Dwivedi S, Vashisth P, Jaiswal D.

    "A 28-year-old female patient presented with extensive facial and ocular eruptions. She had a history of treatment with oral prednisolone due to the clinical diagnosis of lupus erythematosus (LE)....With the clinical diagnosis of severe oculofacial rosacea, she was successfully treated with oral doxycycline, steroid eye drops, and ocular lubricants. Histopathological features of skin biopsy were consistent with rosacea in the context of infection with Demodexfolliculorum.... Rosacea can be extremely severe and disfiguring, and it can be misdiagnosed as the pathognomonic butterfly rash of LE."
    J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2017 Oct-Dec; 12(4): 429–433.doi:  10.4103/jovr.jovr_46_16
    PMCID: PMC5644412
    Severe Rosacea: A Case Report
    Ebrahim Shirzadeh, MD, Abbas Bagheri, MD, Mojtaba Fattahi Abdizadeh, PhD, and Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi, MD

    Q: I was diagnosed with rosacea, but my skin isn’t responding to the rosacea treatments. In fact, it’s getting worse. Is it possible that I have both rosacea and acne?

    A: In a word, yes. For some patients, it is possible to have both rosacea and acne., Sue Chung , Patient Expert, Rosacea Misdiagnoses, Skin Health, Health Central

    "Many people with skin of color who have rosacea may experience delayed diagnosis leading to inappropriate or inadequate treatment, greater morbidity, and uncontrolled, progressive disease with disfiguring manifestations, including phymatous rosacea."
    J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018 Sep 18;:
    Global Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Rosacea, Highlighting Skin of Color: Review and Clinical Practice Experience.
    Alexis AF, Callender VD, Baldwin HE, Desai SR, Rendon MI, Ta ylor SC

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    Anecdotal Reports of Misdiagnosis

    The following is a partial list of anecdotal reports either of misdiagnosing rosacea for another skin disease or vice versa:

    1. Bob reports his rosacea was misdiagnosed for discoid lupus

    2. Elizabeth's initial diagnosis of rosacea turned out to be KP

    3. Andrea says her initial diagnosis of rosacea may have turned out to be pellegra

    4. Jason was misdiagnosed numerous times and was unfortunately given steroids which he believes aggravated the condition.

    5. Kari was initially diagnosed with rosacea and later found out it was eczema.

    6. maxigee2002 said after six months of being treated for rosacea a doctor discovered she was misdiagnosed and actually had Pityrosporum Folliculitis

    7. gdybe was misdiagnosed with Crohn's disease and after six months of steroids developed rosacea.

    8. Ladonna was misdiagnosed with rosacea and it turned out to be Graves Disease. 

    9. Susan reports that she developed "a rash above my eye (below the eyebrow - a little on the lid itself). First he said it was "orbital dermatitis" and gave me topical cortisone and anti-biotics. Not sure it helped much, it seemed to go away on its own schedule, although the steroid may have lessened the itchiness. I went back and he prescribed Metrogel and more cortisone cream. He told me it was a form of rosacea."

    10. Tom says that 6 years before he was diagnosed with rosacea and treated and now says "This doctor does not think I have rosacea, instead 
    he thinks I have erythema." Tom says he thinks he might have KP. 

    11. DC says his physician misdiagnosed his dermatitis as rosacea. 

    12. NorthNova says he was misdiagnosed by dermatologists before he found out he had rosacea. 

    13. flareface reports that a dermatologist diagnosed her condition as "physiological flushing" and later she says a PA "misdiagnosed pretty much everything, gave me 3 different steroidal creams and sent me on my way." Later another derm diagnosed "contact allergy" on her eyes and prescribed a mild dose of cortisone cream for a couple days and it all cleared up. 

    14. redKen (see post #2) says his dermatologist misdiagnosed his rosacea for dermatitis. 

    15. nk104 says two dermatologists diagnosed rosacea. A third physician said it was not rosacea but neurodermitis. 

    16. Jonesy says his GP said he didn't have rosacea and later went to another physician who diagnosed urticaria. 

    17. RedFacedRedHead says her rosacea turned out to be KP.

    18. cliopatra25 says that for ten years she was misdiagnosed with acne when all the time she had rosacea. 

    19. vicky says "both my sisters was misdiagnosised collectively 10 times... and they have lupus...similar to my brother, he even had 2 positive ANA tests and thedoctor refused to treat him for lupus...... 

    20. Deb says, "I mentioned in another post that for years I was given things that were making the Rosacea worse, like retin-A and cortisone cream. I had mild rosacea then, so was misdiagnosed. For a while they thought it was Lupus since I also maintain a low-positive ANA. Their and my mistakes only made it worse, especially in the past few years." 

    21. Lisa M says, "I suffered from cystitis for years... and had to go on daily antibiotics for it for about 2 years. I also did saw a homeopath at
    the time and changed my lifestyle to no alcohol at all. I didn't know
    it at the time but I had rosacea (sadly totally misdiagnosed by
    several derms). 

    22. Mike says, "I also developed ocular rosacea a couple of years ago, after having facial rosacea for quite a few years. My first opthamologist misdiagnosed it, and treated me for months with steroids (mainly Tobradex) which ended up raising my IOP to a dangerous level. 

    23. Aurelia reports that "A teenage girl was given an "almost certain" diagnosis of ocular rosacea....The symptoms suffered by this girl did NOT match those of ocular rosacea and specialists later came up with a diagnosis of autoimmune Urticarial Vasculitis.

    24. Kerry reports that "I have found out today that I was yet again misdiagnosed and I don't have rosacea I have Lupus." 

    25. Sarah Smart says, "I am 12 weeks pregnant and my rosecea fulmins was horribly misdiagnosed by my derm (as shingles if you can imagine) and I spent 5 days in the hospital before they figured it out."Report.

    26. Kerry says, "I was misdiagnosed for 4 yrs by my gp as I have pretty severepsorisis on 60% of my body and scalp. They gave me a really strong steroid which has made my skin worse on my face.although it kept it under control. I found out 3 weeks ago i have rossacea and they
    stopped my steroids so my face has had a major eruption." 

    27. Ellen says, "my rosacea related blepharitis was misdiagnosed as seb derm." 

    28. sand7676 says, "I was misdiagnosed with acne I believe because of my skin tone. 

    29. Francois says that three derms diagnosed he had 'vascular dilation' and the last one said he had " 'Sebore' in Turkish. I looked at internet and I think it means 'Seborrhe'." 

    30. Kevin Forest says, "I've recently been diagnosed with rosacea after being misdiagnosed for ~2.5 years (errrrrr! derm aggerssion)."

    31. Joe says, "I've been misdiagnosed by numerous dermatologists who
    were in disbelieft that I would have rosacea at such a young age and
    assumed it was merely acne."

    32. Suzi LeBaron says, "I was misdiagnosed because it looked like
    rosacea -- including occular symptoms."

    33. Mike Lester says, "they called it seborrheic dermatitis, maybe rosacea. to be honest no one knew. many blood tests for lupus or something....Ive been going to doctors and doctors for my facial redness that ive had for over a year now. Well, they seem to have diagnosed me with ROSACEA!!!....I was checked for everything, lupus's, mastocytosis, carcinoids, tumors on the kidneys, brain tumors, and much, much more, some things some doctors have never even heard of. but it turns out i was misdiagnosed by the Mayo Clinic from the start, so we didnt need to go through months and months of stress, depression(which by the way i go to a psychologist now and am on PROZAC too).

    34. Stuart Clark says, "I too waited months for an appointment (on two separate occasions) and she completely misdiagnosed me." 

    35. Carol Voigt says, "I, too, was "misdiagnosed" for many years."

    36. Jeff says, "I got misdiagnosed by my previous dermatologist...So he gave me a steroid to apply twice a day, which of course, did not help. And by the time I had diagnosable rosacea..." 

    37. Eddie O'Neill says, "She said that I did NOT have bacterial conjunctivitis and had been misdiagnosed..."

    38. Chantal says, "in my early 20's (around 22-23), and was misdiagnosed for years (about 5) until the correct diagnosis of rosacea was made."

    39. Heather says, "My facial rosacea was misdiagnosed for MANY years (mainly an acne component with some redness)..."

    40. Jay Valof says, "2yrs ago i had septoplasty (deviated septum) nose surgery. soon after developed symptoms, was misdiagnosed as having asthma/allergy. 2 months ago derm. said in had rosacea..."

    41. jesseleigh says, " I just found out about a week ago I have rosacea, have been misdiagnosed with atopic dermatitis for ten years." 

    42. yoli says, "I was misdiagnosed for 2 years they thought I had dermatitis but in reality i don't itch but burn.... it took me 6 dermatologist in order to get diagnosed with Rosacea." 

    43. beecham says, "I was diagnosed in December 2007 with pustular rosacea by my new doctor, I was on oxytetracycline for about a year before with my previous doctor who had misdiagnosed me with perioral 
    dermatitis.... "

    44. LoriB says, "When I saw my general doctor while waiting for an appointment with a derm he misdiagnosed me as having acne vulgaris. He told me I don't have rosacea because my cheeks aren't red." 

    45. jodieginger says, "I was repeatedly misdiagnosed as having dermatitis and none of the derms seemed to care that I simultaneously had blepharitis simultaneously. "

    46. mineren says, "I have adult acne in addition to rosacea and
    was misdiagnosed a couple of times. "

    47. mythjedi says, "She stated that I had "contact dermatitis" and gave me doxycycline....but it wasn't long before transient, big, patchy red blotches began to form on my face and chest....I discovered that I was allergic to these pills, and I stopped taking them.... I have been
    off of the pills for six months...I went to a dermatologist and was diagnosed with rosacea..."

    48. Yvonne says, "My SD was misdiagnosed as rosacea." 

    49. Cassie Henderson says, "I was misdiagnosed by a blind derm and used hydrocotizone for three months. My rosacea went from a splotty red blotch on one cheek to an all over the face red hue very bumpy dry and ruddy looking. I then went to a derm who wasn't legally blind and started using metrogel and minocycline which helped for awhile."

    50. Keith on 07.15.09 at 12:43 pm says, "...I went to a highly accomplished and respected doctor in my area who diagnosed it as Rosacea so I guess thats what it is. Other Derms have said sundamage, Folliculitis, so it is still uncertain to me..." Scroll down to Comment # 91

    51. Lori said her acne was diagnosed as rosacea which later turned out to be also seborrhoeic dermatitis after she had taken Oracea for over a month. She was switched to Doxycycline at a higher dose and Finacea. See Comments #68, #84, #89, #93, #107, #114, #117, #123.

    52. raly says, ..."I've been "diagnosed" at different times as it being rosacea, folliculitis, sebderm or possibly just acne from both GPs and a dermatologist..." Scroll down to Post #9

    53. dan pacifik says, ".... After a second trip to the doctors, my doctor seemed to think it was rosacea so she prescribed me metro cream 0.75%....…I think! I pretty much used this for about 8 months....I went back to my doctor about this and she said it looked more like acne on my forehead....I am however skeptical over my doctors and derms diagnosis..." 

    54. kfoltz9 says, "I am a 25 year old female with what appears to be perioral dermatisis around my mouth. My family history only consists of Psoryasis and I have not had a personal experience with this. I am currently on Effexor XR. I use Aveda sensitive skin facial cleanser which does not contain any Petrolatum. I have not introduced any new cosmetic products into my regimen. The dermatologist I went to yesterday about this month-old rash (I have had one previous occurence, only less intense) did not even inspect the rash, asked me if I blushed easily or often (I do not, and told him that) and diagnosed Rosacea in about 3 seconds. 

    55. siliconmessiah says, "...I first went to the doctor on a "drop-in"-visit. One of them (a really shitty doctor actually) prescribed cortisone cream for my problems - I took it for a couple of weeks with no signs of getting better. I returned to a new doctor, a really good one I might add...she diagnosed me in one minute under the light of a lamp..." Scroll down to post #2

    56. brighteyes says, "It took me approximately 3 years (and 6 derms) to get an official diagnosis...." Scroll down to post #3

    57. Mistica says, "...So in my case, rosacea wasn't recognised immediately and even 10 and a half years on from the orginal diagnosis, the 'diagnosis' is continuing in some ways. It looks like rosacea ( no missing that!!) and it behaves like rosacea, ... but is it just Rosacea?..." Scroll down to post #8

    58. IJDVL reports, "Subsequently, the initial diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis was revised by the ophthalmologists to ocular rosacea." *

    59. A 32-year-old woman had developed moderate swelling, erythema and papules of the central part of her face for 8 weeks. She started to apply various topical cosmetic products sold for acne that did not help. As one of her hobbies was outdoor biking she noticed that sun exposure aggravated her skin condition, also resulting in burning and stinging sensations. She consulted her general practitioner who prescribed prednicarbat cream for topical application on the affected regions. Whereas she observed a slight improvement of the skin condition during the first week, she later on suddenly developed a severe worsening with erythema, papules and many pustules. She presented to a dermatologist and was diagnosed with "steroid rosacea". She went off the steroid, started topical treatment with metronidazole 1% and oral treatment with metronidazole 500 mg twice daily for 2 weeks. After an initial worsening during the first 3 days the skin condition rapidly improved. She continued metronidazole 500 mg once daily for another 2 weeks and then stopped. The topical treatment was continued twice daily for altogether 4 weeks and then reduced to once daily for another 4 weeks. Besides, she applied sun screen whenever she was outside. She continued intermittent topical use of metronidazole 1%. She remained free of symptoms except of an intermittent slight centrofacial erythema. See case report #1 

    60. A 39-year-old woman was referred to a dermatology department because of worsening of her known rosacea. She had been suffering from rosacea for 3 years. After initial, short-term and intermittent oral therapy with tetracycline for periods of up to 3 weeks she had continued topical treatment with tretinoin without any problems for the last months. Suddenly, she developed an erythema of the face accompanied by strong burning that increased in the evening, decreased over night and was moderate at day time. She discontinued topical tretinoin therapy because she felt that the symptoms were caused by it. She presented to a dermatologist with a sharp erythema of the whole face with only solitary papules and pustules. Due to the patient's history and the clinical finding contact allergy was suspected. Patch testing revealed a sensitisation to cocamidopropyl betaine, a surfactant that is frequently added to shampoos and skin cleansing products. This substance could be identified in her skin cleanser. When she discontinued this product, the symptoms disappeared and the patient could continue her topical treatment.
    We recommend to precisely ask patients about all the topical drugs and cosmetics they use including skin cleansing products. Contact allergy can also occur in rosacea patients and may mislead patients and physicians. See Case Report #3

    61. A 56-year-old diabetic man presented erythematous papules and pustules on the neck and face who had developed since 3 months. He had been treated with topical corticosteroids for the same time period that resulted in progressive exacerbation. He additionally showed patches of hair loss in the beard area, erythema and scaling of the ears. Among various differential diagnoses the clinical picture reminded of stage II rosacea. Microscopial examination and culturing revealed Microsporum canis. He was diagnosed tinea incognito, a term that has been used to describe dermatophyte infections modified by corticosteroid treatment.
    This case report demonstrates that there is a number of other skin diseases that can mimic rosacea. (see Case Report #7)
    Gorani A, Schiera A, Oriani A: Case Report. Rosacea-like Tinea incognito. Mycoses 2002; 45: 135-137. 

    62. A Case of Precursor B-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Misdiagnosed as Rosacea
    Han EC, Kim DY, Chung JY, Chung HJ, Chung KY.
    Korean J Dermatol. 2008 Feb;46(2):264-267

    63. Pete says, "...Had previously been misdiagnosed by my G.P. Had been treated with steroid creams for eczema...."

    64. shakti says, "...I had a horrible rash on my face which the Dr. (dermatologist) even took pictures of, but he said it was rosacea....Then a neurologist said I could have some sort of mild m.S..... I've recently had a "rosacea flare" swelling and redness around my eyes and upper cheeks, the tiredness has returned and so has pain in my bladder and gi tract...."

    65. belinda says, "After being misdiagnosed for 7 years, I had almost given up hope." published April 8, 2008

    66. mmee says, "...just wanted to say after many years of suffering with depression and social anxity because of a red face and not being able to get any information out of 3 dermatologists and about 5 GPs (they just said it was 'normal') . I've found out from a link on this website it must be Keratosis pilaris rubra faceii..." 

    67. Gem says, "A couple of months ago I developed a rash on my forehead and weas gicven a steroid cream for it that seemed to keep it under controlfor a while, then around 3 weeks ago it spread and looked angry, I went to the doctor who said it was acne the cream I was given just aggravated it, so I went back and was given another cream by a different doctor who still thought it was acne... this again aggravated it, so I started looking on the net for other ideas or medications that could help. I tried coconut oil and aloe vera topical and ingested, another trip to the GP I was given Tetracycline oral antibiotic but it was something like a 3 month course, ....I went to my doctor again today as my self treatment wasn't doing any good and I was told it looks like rosacea I've been given metronidazole gel and I've started the Tetracycline oral antibiotics again...." 

    68. ssaeed says, "...He diagnosed me initially with Seb Derm and prescribed Desonide cream for 3 weeks. I noticed my skin got a lot better and softer during this treatment although towards the end of the treatment I started getting small pus filled acne bumps on my nose and cheek, about the size of a pore. When I saw the doc after the 3 week Desonide treatment he told me I may have symptoms of Rosacea and started me off on a treatment of Metrogel once a day and Oracea once a day in the morning." 

    69. Ladonna says, "...my husband took me to the dermatologist and she said it was Rosacea and couldnt be anything but....So he took me to many doctors, and finally a wonderful doctor took a shot in the dark blood test and discovered my problem. Later more involved tests and scans confirmed it. I was Hyperthyroid...specifically Graves Disease..."

    70. DylanG says, "... I finally got an appointment with a dermatologist for my rosacea. After waiting about half a year, I go to the appointment. The dermatologist walks in, doesn't even look at my face and says "There's nothing I can do about redness. Some people just have red skin". Then, to top it off, he gave me cream for acne - something which I could care less about - that has the side effect of making your face red. I was out of his office in practically two minutes with about twenty tiny tubes of acne medication I had no need for. ..." Scroll to Post #22

    71. Donna says, "I got results back from labs and xray..i do NOT have sarcoidosis…but still not sure what i have …i have granulomas popping out on parts of my body and my face is still not clear. I am going to a conference of doctors on the 16th to get their opinions. I was originally diagnosed with Granulomateous rosacea so lets see what opinions i get." Post #146

    72. liangjuany says, "I saw another doctor today and was told what I had was not rosacea but pityriasis rosea instead." 

    73. huiness says, "another derms who told me I had acne, or folliculitis etc. When I finally decided to go back to Derm #2, he then diagnosed me with rosacea.....went to Derm #14809348. He agreed with the rosacea diagnosis but said that this was probably steroid induced...."

    74. mrsmoof says, "1st dermatologist thought I had dermititis.....Well, I went to a 2nd dermatologist and told her my story, symptoms.....within minutes she said it was Rosacea...." Scroll to Post #43 

    75. "My wife was diagosed by a local Dermatologist as having Rocacea. He only did a visual inspection without any actual skin testing. He was sure it was Rocacea and prescribed an expensive cream which she would have to use for who knows how many years. Luckily she had a severe reaction to the cream, and discontinued it. She visitited her home country of Russia and was treated by a specialist. He told her she didn’t have Rocacea but had Demodex. She had one treatment by the doctor and her face is still clear after 6 months. Always get a second opinion." J Noble on 01.12.10 at 7:11 am Post #215 

    76. spuggylegs says, "I think it took about 10 mins for a NHS dermatologist to tell me that I didnt have rosacea. She looked at my skin said there was no visible erythema or papules and pustules to suggest rosacea, and that I needed to stop "reading stuff on the internet". I had to actually ask for a blood test to rule out lupus etc!!!!! I asked my GP if he could send me for a second opinion but he refused. The problem is that there is a lot of inequality in the NHS...and as someone who lives in a deprived area, healthcare is usually not as good as those who live in more affluent areas. (but thats another story). Well I still carried on "reading stuff on the internet" : ) and decided the only way forward was to go private..even though i couldnt really afford it. So travelled from the north east to London, and got so stressed, as we got lost a few times, and London is not the friendliest of places. By the time I had got to see the derm I was having a major flush....so after reading my medical notes, asking about family members who may have rosacea,, symptons, and looking at my skin, he diagnosed rosacea. From what i can remember the consultation lasted about 30 mins." Scroll to Post #50

    77. Rachelle C says, "My doctor diagnosed me with rosacea, delusional paristosis. The medications for these did no good. Then another dermatolgist with an allergist diagnosed me with demodex (skin mite) allergy." Scroll to Post no. 77 on 05.04.10 at 1:00 AM

    78. Girrlock Holmes says, "…I was finally diagnosed hypothyroid, insulin resistant and PCOS, and my doctor also thinks my symptoms fit with fibromyalgia…I saw a dermatologist who said it was not Rosacea but offered no info on what it could be. Then I saw an allergist and he said the derm had no basis for saying it was not Rosacea; it looked like it to him. So you see I have no clear diagnosis. I am waiting for a different derm to see me but it will not be for another 2 months…"

    79. "Terri Flynn, a 63-year-old part-time receptionist from Texas....Two different evaluators told her she had "dry eye" and prescribed artificial tears and various eye medications, while one also suggested she have her bottom eyelids lifted to help retain the moisture in her eyes....She made an appointment with a dermatologist, who "took one look at me and said, 'Yes, it's rosacea." NRS Rosacea Review Spring 2010

    80. GNR reports, "...I was told I had Perioral dermatitis because there was an outbreak near my nose....Began to notice a swelling under my right eye and a red path beneath extending up the temple. It became hot and sensitive and flares when I workout with weights. Told "hmm don't know what that is, it's not rosacea (my fear was that it was) but try rozex cream to see if it goes." It didn't. Didn't change. Had a second opinion. Same as the first. "Don't know, looks like it might be fungul. Leave it until you see a dermatologist." Began to a sore eye, a few pains and watering. Went back to the second opinion to ge this checked was given a scrip for kenocomb ointment for fungus....out of desparation I went to another gp explained the whole story again. He checked the skin, told me it wasn't rosacea that it looked like a fungus infection try Nizoral 2%. Hmmm. Later that day I had an appointment with a new dermatologist who told me that I actually had seborrhec dermatitis...this sounded right as all the systems relate, rash on chest, dry skin in eyebrows, dandruff...funny I'd never connected these things and either had anyone else.
    He then checked the rash thing on the right side of my face and temple and told me it was rosacea. I asked about the pain in the eye, watery, and he said not connected. Gave me a print of what to expect with rosacea and out the door I went..."

    81. comicraven reports, "I had been misdiagnosed for a while - everything from shingles to testing for lupus - and was finally properly diagnosed about 6 months ago..."

    82. koki says, "OK according to dermatologist # 4 , again I dont have rosacea, I explained my symptoms and he said it sounds more like an allergic reaction and when he examined my face he said it was more like eczema/seborrheic dermatitis and gave me some diflucan. ....I am glad most derms say is not rosacea..."

    83. stb09 says, "In May 2004, I developed a pimple on my nose that left a red mark on it for, what must've been a solid YEAR after it cleared up. I was thorougly convinced this was a scar, and went to several dermatologists to find proper treatment. Such begins my ongoing battle (and subsequent HATRED) for all dermatologists.

    The first one I saw told me that it was a mole....
    I sought a second opinion. This one told me it was a scar, and could only be removed by a plasic surgeon. He took my $100, and gave me the number of a plastic surgeon.

    The plastic surgeon (who was once a dermatologist) was convinced it was a pimple still, and simply lanced it and dug around in it, ultimately making it worse....

    The fourth and final dermatologist perscribed me a prescription in January of 2005 for my back acne/oily skin. He agreed with ME that whatever was on my nose was inflammed and most likely a sebacous cyst. He injected it with cortisone, and that made a tremendous difference, and today there's not a mark to be found. This is the same dermatologist that dismissed my concerns of facial redness and never spoke a word about Rosacea in spite of my ruddy complexion that I was, at the time, unaware of....I was at a new branch of my college and went to the local dermatologist to seek treatment. He told me it was probably a scar and gave me the number of a laser surgeon FOUR hours away that "might" be able to help me.

    THIS is the first time a doctor has mentioned the word "Rosacea" to me. He explained that I had a ruddy complexion, and thus, the red spot on my nose was more noticable. He went on to state that people with my complexion "could be candidates for Roscea later in life." and encouraged me to stay out of the sun......I finally decided to see a dermatologist to rule Rosacea in or out so I could get on with my life one way or the other. I went back to the local dermatologist, who had told me that someone with my complexion might be a candidate for Rosacea later in life, and was told absolutely nothing new.

    He once again told me that, maybe I'd have it one day, and maybe not. I asked him if I should try avoiding "triggers" and he said that I shouldn't bother. Because it probably wouldn't help. I asked if there was any treatment, because I've since learned Rosacea is best treated early on. He said that any creams he could give me would most likely not do anything at all for me, and would be a waste of my money. The entire visit was quite ambiguous.

    I asked him what "Pre-rosacea" was, and what the difference was between that, and a normal ruddy complexion. He told me that, in his opinion, there wasn't one. As he considers anyone with a ruddy complexion at risk for developing Rosacea, and THAT he considers to be "pre-Rosacea."

    Before I left, I asked him for a definitive answer one way or the other, and he told me NO, I do not have Rosacea.....To the point of the original thread, I'd like to determine what it is I have. The doctor seems sure it's not Rosacea, but as evidenced by my ongoing battle with Dermatologists prior, I believe if I went to 10 Dermatologists I would receive 10 different opinions. Rosacea, ruddy complexion, acne, allergic rash, facial blushing, too much Niacin, high blood pressure, lupus...

    these people don't know anything, and with no insurance I'm not going to waste $100 a visit to find out precisely nothing.

    84. Ontarian says, "I was diagnosed with seborrheic dermatitis on my face about 5 years ago. The diagnosis was made by a dermatologist. Soon after, the dermatitis completely disappeared for a loooong time. Then, I suddenly got a red patch on my right cheek five years later, more precisely in February of 2006. It has slowly spread to my entire right cheek. It got worse in the summer. This whole time I thought I had seb. dermatitis. My family dr. said my face was dermatitic and prescribed hydrocortisone. It didn’t help. In August of 2006 I went to my dermatologist. This time, he said I had rosacea. I was shocked. I was not flushing like crazy (except maybe when I played soccer in +35 C degrees outside). My symptoms started as a small red patch on my right cheek, this could not be rosacea. I went to see another dermatologist (an old dude who thinks rosacea is a proper diagnosis only when your face is swollen like a balloon and when you are covered with pustules).
    So, now I have two doctors thinking I don’t have rosacea, and one doctor thinking I do." Posted: Tue Oct 17, 2006 1:34 pm (scroll down to find the post)

    85. Jen says, "Since I have stopped the med I was diagnosed with Perioral Dermititis and now as of yesteday the derm tells me I have acne.....The derm said I have almost all the face disorders (rosacea, acne, perioral dermititis, seb derm)....

    86. jhelli1 says, "I've been to four different doctors in the past and have gotten four different diagnosis. The last one was rosacea. Yesterday, I went to a fifth doctor and was told that I have..........eczema!

    87. fedup says, "....I went to this dermatologist maybe 2-3 times a year over about a 4 year period, every appointment he seemed to have absolutely no idea what was going on, or what he had prescribed/said the last time, he took a look at my scalp, says "its folliculitus" (the way he said it, every time, was as if it was a breakthrough and he figured out some giant mystery, even though he said the same thing last time....and sent me home with a prescription for Ceftin 500mg 2x a day for 2 weeks (insanely strong antibiotic, I know now..).....Made an appointment with a new dermatologist (roughly 2 years ago), after explaining the antibiotic fiasco, he told me my old doctor probably shouldnt be practicing medicine. He took about 10 seconds to diagnose me, looked at my scalp, and simply said "you have inflammatory rosacea."

    88. mutantfrog says, "...I always grumble to myself about rosacea...but if it turns out that I never had rosacea but instead have had an autoimmune disorder...well it's scary I'd rather take rosacea. I swear to god I'll never complain about 'rosacea' again..." Post #10 22nd July 2010, 07:40 PM

    89. quixotic_pessimist says, "Anyway, I had been seeing a dermatologist during this time period for acne that I have had for about 3 years, and he never mentioned anything about the red complexion of my nose. One time I voiced my concerns, and he pretty much dismissed them, saying that he didn't think my nose looked red. During my last meeting with him, I was a bit more belligerent (in that I brought up the grievances that I have with my red nose a few times). He then nonchalantly throws out that it is possible that I have Rosacea. How is it that I had been visiting this doctor for 3 years with the same red nose, but it is not until now that he suggests that I might have Rosacea? I don't get it."

    90. CHI_GUY says, "...First doc said, sebborhea/eczema. He gave me many different things, to list a few....Second doc, new one, diagnosed perioral derm. She gave me tetracycline. 500mg x2/day for the first month. She exclaimed that the previous doctor was treating the wrong thing, because I brought all my old meds in to show her...."

    91. Natasha says, "I have just been diagnosed with Rosacea....a week ago the doctor wrongly diagnosed excema..."

    92. hesperidianblue says, " I was going to 7 dermatologist till 2 of them agreed that is rosacea other wasn`t shore what is it often they thought it was atopic dermatitis."

    93. misdiagnosed says, "During this whole ordeal, I have seen a dermatologist (in OH) 2x. THe first time she tried to convince me it was “in my head” and reluctantly prescribed an antibiotic for adult acne. 8 weeks later, she seemed a little more open to the fact that it could be demodex and prescribed metrogel. Last week, I asked for metronidozale in a pill format because the lotion only does so much. She agreed to call it in. It is helping, but I have good and bad days, depending on the “hatching” cycle." #385 misdiagnosed on 10.08.10 at 12:45 AM

    94. Maureen says, "I have had this now for about I would say 2 years when I was told I had rosacea and lupus. Now a new dermatologist tells me no it's dermographism,..."

    95. francois can says, "I just cant believe. Today I went to see a derm. She looked at my face closely with a tool like a magnifier and said I misdiagnosed myself. She said rosacea has 4 components and someone has to have at least 3 of them to be diagnosed rosacea.....She said I have a
    condition associated with neurovascular dilaiton..."

    96. LarsMM says, "...First I went to a regular doctor and even though he ran a few tests he couldn't tell me wheat the problem was. He told me I shouldn't worry since the redness was at that time "barley noticeable". At the end of the third summer (2010) I went to another doctor and got the same response. After this visit I got somewhat frustrated since I was well aware that I had not been this red a few years earlier, as a result I started reading online and came across rosacea. I got an appointment with a dermatologist and she confirmed that I had stage one rosacea...."

    97. 444 says, "...my doctor has failed on many occasions to diagnose me properly probably due to my young age at the time and has disregarded any possiblilty of rosacea since the beggining....'

    98. claire says, "...I am 34 years old and I was wrongly diagnosed 7 years ago. I have gradually seen since then my skin get progressively worse, it is now in its advanced stages. ..." #41 claire on 05.16.09 at 8:16 PM

    99. Rachelle C says, "My doctor diagnosed me with rosacea, delusional paristosis. The medications for these did no good. Then another dermatolgist with an allergist diagnosed me with demodex (skin mite) allergy. Since I have very many allergies, this was a good bet. I treat itchy and red areas with tea tree oil and have managed to reielve my problem almost completely. The dermatologist also thinks a monthly treament with Kwellada-P would help further." #76 Rachelle C. on 05.04.10 at 1:00 AM

    100. findingaway says, "So I am no further forward...I still don't really know what it is I'm dealing with... Rosacea, SD, KP. All?" 

    101. Just an update and to show the importance of knowing what you have, I saw a Rosacea specialist with 20 years of treating and research under his belt, and made the appointment saying "Trying to treat Rosacea" as the reason. The second I came in he was confused and wondered where the Rosacea patient was. He looked at me and told me I absolutely do not have Rosacea, he's seen thousands of cases over decades and it's simply not it. And it's not caused by being choked, ever. It was thinned skin due to Steroid Creams, and thankfully, he caught that because the General Practitioner who 'diagnosed' me with Rosacea prescribed steroid cream. The most alarming was that the general practitioner gave me Metrogel which I understand is meant to help Pimples, and I have absolutely zero of those. AlenaCena post no 68

    102. I've been to dermatologists in three different countries starting when I was 16, and I'm now 41. When I first started going to them, they didn't know a lot about eczema and dermatitis and the treatment course was antibiotics and cortozone creams. (Not much has changed) Even then I knew foods and hormones were triggers or the cause of the skin eruptions. I've had dermatologists tell me it's not rosacea and dermatologists tell me it is. One things for certain out of the more than 30 dermatologists I've seen in my life time, no two have had the same things to say. However last time I was at one, she did look up patronizing and say, yes we now know hormones can affect eczema...as if her telling me that made a whit of difference to what I have already known. In the UK, where they have now said it is rosacea, I have had no other tests. The dermatologists I've seen refuse to accept other countries diagnosis of food allergies. They refuse to take into consideration what I'm saying, about my upper eye lid cracking (it's been cracking there my whole life, so much so I've a deep scar) and the bubbling around my eyes, and over my brows. In the end, I think a they've learnt mo about the what some skin problems are, they seem to have bunched the rest as rosacea. Which appears to me to be a blanket term, covering a huge amount of things. Melania post no 66

    103. I had a misdiagnosed case of demodex for many years. It was misdiagnosed as bacterial acne/hormonal acne and "allergic conjunctivitis". None of the treatment my 4 dermatologists prescribed ever worked. It turned into a really bad case of ocular rosacea. Early this year, I took the 2 week Oral Ivermectin + Oral Metronidazole treatment. It worked. ElaineA post no 2 

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    • J Dermatolog Treat. 2021 Jul 22:1-8. doi: 10.1080/09546634.2021.1959507. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34291712 | DOI:10.1080/09546634.2021.1959507 {url} = URL to article
    • Front Immunol. 2021 Jul 5;12:674871. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.674871. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory condition that mainly affects the central face. However, the molecular background of the normal central face and the transcriptional profiling and immune cell composition of rosacea lesions remain largely unknown. Here, we performed whole-skin and epidermal RNA-seq of central facial skin from healthy individuals, lesions and matched normal skin from rosacea patients. From whole-skin RNA-seq, the site-specific gene signatures for central facial skin were mainly enriched in epithelial cell differentiation, with upregulation of the activator protein-1 (AP1) transcription factor (TF). We identified the common upregulated inflammatory signatures and diminished keratinization signature for rosacea lesions. Gene ontology, pathway, TF enrichment and immunohistochemistry results suggested that STAT1 was the potential core of the critical TF networks connecting the epithelial-immune crosstalk in rosacea lesions. Epidermal RNA-seq and immunohistochemistry analysis further validated the epithelial-derived STAT1 signature in rosacea lesions. The epidermal STAT1/IRF1 signature was observed across ETR, PPR, and PhR subtypes. Immune cell composition revealed that macrophages were common in all 3 subtypes. Finally, we described subtype-specific gene signatures and immune cell composition correlated with phenotypes. These findings reveal the specific epithelial differentiation in normal central facial skin, and epithelial-immune crosstalk in lesions providing insight into an initial keratinocyte pattern in the pathogenesis of rosacea. PMID:34290700 | PMC:PMC8287635 | DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2021.674871 {url} = URL to article
    • Med Res Rev. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.1002/med.21842. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT The sesquiterpene lactone artemisinin from Artemisia annua L. is well established for malaria therapy, but its bioactivity spectrum is much broader. In this review, we give a comprehensive and timely overview of the literature regarding the immunosuppressive activity of artemisinin-type compounds toward inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Numerous receptor-coupled signaling pathways are inhibited by artemisinins, including the receptors for interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), β3-integrin, or RANKL, toll-like receptors and growth factor receptors. Among the receptor-coupled signal transducers are extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K), AKT serine/threonine kinase (AKT), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK), phospholipase C γ1 (PLCγ), and others. All these receptors and signal transduction molecules are known to contribute to the inhibition of the transcription factor nuclear factor κ B (NF-κB). Artemisinins may inhibit NF-κB by silencing these upstream pathways and/or by direct binding to NF-κB. Numerous NF-κB-regulated downstream genes are downregulated by artemisinin and its derivatives, for example, cytokines, chemokines, and immune receptors, which regulate immune cell differentiation, apoptosis genes, proliferation-regulating genes, signal transducers, and genes involved in antioxidant stress response. In addition to the prominent role of NF-κB, other transcription factors are also inhibited by artemisinins (mammalian target of rapamycin [mTOR], activating protein 1 [AP1]/FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral oncogene homologue [FOS]/JUN oncogenic transcription factor [JUN]), hypoxia-induced factor 1α (HIF-1α), nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NF-ATC1), Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT), NF E2-related factor-2 (NRF-2), retinoic-acid-receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor γ (ROR-γt), and forkhead box P-3 (FOXP-3). Many in vivo experiments in disease-relevant animal models demonstrate therapeutic efficacy of artemisinin-type drugs against rheumatic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, lupus erythematosus, arthrosis, and gout), lung diseases (asthma, acute lung injury, and pulmonary fibrosis), neurological diseases (autoimmune encephalitis, Alzheimer's disease, and myasthenia gravis), skin diseases (dermatitis, rosacea, and psoriasis), inflammatory bowel disease, and other inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Randomized clinical trials should be conducted in the future to translate the plethora of preclinical results into clinical practice. PMID:34288018 | DOI:10.1002/med.21842 {url} = URL to article
    • An Bras Dermatol. 2021 Jul 15:S0365-0596(21)00173-2. doi: 10.1016/j.abd.2021.02.004. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The frequency of autoimmune diseases and thyroid cancer has been increasingly reported in association with rosacea. However, studies investigating thyroid diseases in rosacea are scarce with conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between thyroid disorders and rosacea. METHODS: A large case-control study on age- and gender-matched 2091 rosacea patients and 9572 controls was conducted. Rosacea patients using the rosacea-specific ICD codes were compiled from the hospital records. Additionally, all participants were evaluated in terms of the presence of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to compute case-control odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: The analysis comprehended 2091 rosacea patients (1546 female, 545 male; mean 48.73 ± 14.53 years) and 9572 controls (7009 female, 2563 male; mean 48.73 ± 15.1 years). Whereas the rate of hypothyroidism was significantly higher in rosacea patients (OR = 1.3, 95% CI 1.13-1.49, p < 0.001), there was no significant difference in the rate of hyperthyroidism between the groups (OR = 1.12, 95% CI 0.81-1.53, p = 0.497). Stratification for genderrevealed a significant association between hypothyroidism and rosacea in females (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.1-1.47, p = 0.002) and males (OR = 1.58, 95% CI 1.04-2.4, p = 0.032). The frequency of hypothyroidism in rosacea patients increased towards the age range of 40-49 and then decreased, parallel with the hypothyroidism frequency of the study population. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Different subtypes and severities of rosacea were not distinguished. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothyroidism may be a comorbidity of rosacea and investigation for hypothyroidism may be appropriate when evaluating rosacea patients. PMID:34275693 | DOI:10.1016/j.abd.2021.02.004 {url} = URL to article
    • Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2021 Jul 6;14:779-814. doi: 10.2147/CCID.S315711. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Dermal filler treatments require constant reassessment for improving and safeguarding the rapidly evolving aesthetic field. Suboptimal injection technique, patient selection and product knowledge have touted a concerning increase in filler complications, with new challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic leading to new paradigms in the understanding, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of complications. The updated 10-point plan has been developed to curtail complications through consideration of causative factors, categorized as patient, product, and procedure-related. Patient-related factors include a preprocedural consultation with careful elucidation of skin conditions (acne, rosacea, dermatitis), systemic disease (allergies, autoimmune disease, underlying bacterial and viral disease (herpes simplex virus, COVID-19 infection), medications (antineoplastic drugs, recreational drugs) and previous cosmetic procedures (including fillers and energy-based devices). Patient assessment should include standardized photography and also evaluate the role of social media, ethnicity, gender, generational, and LGBTQ+ needs. Specified informed consent for both adverse events and their treatment is essential due to the increase in vascular complications, including the risk of blindness. Product-related factors include the powerful advantage of reversibility when using hyaluronic acid (HA) products. Product characteristics such as molecular weight and filler degradation should be understood. Product layering over late or minimally degradable fillers is still inadvisable due to the initial filler being teased into reactivity. Procedural factors such as consistent photographic documentation, procedural planning, aseptic non-touch technique (ANTT), knowledge of topographical anatomy and angiosomes, and technical dexterity including pinch anatomy and needle skills are of pivotal importance. The final section is dedicated to algorithms and checklists for managing and treating complications such as allergic hypersensitivity reactions, vascular events, infection, edema and late-onset adverse events (LOAEs). The updated 10-point plan is a methodical strategy aimed at further minimising the risk of dermal filler complications. PMID:34276222 | PMC:PMC8279269 | DOI:10.2147/CCID.S315711 {url} = URL to article
    • J Am Acad Dermatol. 2021 Jul 10:S0190-9622(21)02012-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.06.865. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34274412 | DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2021.06.865 {url} = URL to article
    • The RRDi is pleased to announce a new page, Rosacea Episodes. 
    • J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Jul 13. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000001290. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34270518 | DOI:10.1097/WNO.0000000000001290 {url} = URL to article
    • Br J Dermatol. 2021 Jul 16. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20645. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT antibiotics represent the first-line hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) treatment, although HS is not an infectious disease1 . Prolonged antibiotic courses exhibit an anti-inflammatory effect, utilized for treating follicular/inflammatory skin diseases, e.g. acne and rosacea. Clindamycin/rifampicin or tetracyclines are usually administered for 10 to 12 weeks in moderate-to-severe HS treatment1 , mostly based on retrospective studies using non-validated severity scoring systems. PMID:34270785 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20645 {url} = URL to article
    • J Craniofac Surg. 2021 Jul 15. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000007963. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rhinophyma is the severe rosacea whit hypertrophy of sebaceous glands in nasal tissue, which severely influences the patient's appearance. Surgical therapy is the best method for treating moderate-to-severe rhinophyma. In this study, we used a new ameliorated scarification for 30 patients with moderate-to-severe rhinophyma. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of five-blades scratcher surgery on moderate-to severe rhinophyma between 2016 and 2019 in our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients were treated with five-blades scratcher under tumescent anesthesia. Outcomes were determined by a patient questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 30 patients, all of them answered the questionnaire and were included in this study with a follow-up time of 12 months. Cosmetic results were evaluated as very good or good in 90% of patients. The majority of patients (87%) were very satisfied or satisfied with the postoperative result. Surgical treatment of rhinophyma improved patients' quality of life in 67% of patients. Recurrence of rhinophyma was detected in 7% of patients. In all, 100% of the patients stated that they would recommend this treatment to others. CONCLUSIONS: Five-blades scratcher is an effective therapy for rhinophyma with excellent outcome. PMID:34267144 | DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000007963 {url} = URL to article
    • You may be having issues trying to navigate our website using a mobile device so here is a helpful tutorial to find Rosacea Topics. Watch Video.  Step one - Finding the Menu on the Home page (iOS - hopefully Android users are similar) - Look for the three bars top right corner (click):  You should then see the following menu:  Just under the HOME button find the NAVIGATOR button and click on it and you should see the following menu:  The first word 'Navigator' is simply the title of this menu (don't click on it). The menu choices are now shown below this word, 'Navigator,' and you should begin scrolling down till you see the following:  The menu button ROSACEA TOPICS is the second to the last choice. Click on ROSACEA TOPICS which brings you to the following screen:  You may want to turn your mobile device horizontally to view the videos and subforums and scroll down to see all the choices:  Now you can view the subforums but you are not allowed to enter a subforum without being a member of the RRDi. Membership is free and all you do register and then you can view over 7K posts and over 5.4K rosacea topics. Learn more. Hope this helps mobile device users on how to navigate our website. If you have questions, find the reply to this topic button and ask. 
    • Br J Dermatol. 2021 Jul 13. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20641. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Treatments for many common dermatologic diagnoses are denied insurance coverage due to their arbitrary cosmetic classification. Melasma is one such diagnosis often considered cosmetic by payers, and since it is commonly identified in darker-skinned individuals, its cosmetic classification creates an economic barrier for patients of color. Although dermatologists have previously described insurance coverage gaps for conditions typically seen in patients of color, this coverage gap has never been quantified.1 Thus, we investigated the rate of insurance coverage for first-line topical treatments for rosacea versus melasma. Rosacea and melasma share a number of key features - both are common, chronic, dermatological conditions that are exacerbated by sun exposure, are primarily treated topically, and cause measurably decreased quality of life in affected patients.2,3 Rosacea, however, is often diagnosed in patients with Fitzpatrick skin types I-II, with 91.8% of rosacea diagnoses seen in white patients, while melasma is predominantly diagnosed in patients with Fitzpatrick skin types III-V.4-6. PMID:34254297 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20641 {url} = URL to article What is the Fitzpatrick Scale?
    • Yes actually I went through her article on these proteins and food triggers when I read the heading I thought these natural food items are good when consumed but when I read through it I found that these compounds are found in a very trace amount naturally in these foods and do not cause any problem as such but when these chemical compounds are used as preservatives in food and personal care products, then it is of concern. Obviously we all know that preservatives are very bad for our overall health because it keeps our food fresh for a longer period of time and we can understand that what keeps our stuff fresh whether food or skin products for a longer period of time, would badly affect in a long run and when you are already immune sensitive. Eat natural as possible as you can which directly comes from nature (whether fruits or vegetables) and don't go overboard with anything. Eat less Packaged foods or remove it from your lifestyle. Understand your body and its functions. See, we take a lot of myths but what suits you, may not suit the other person when it comes to rosacea and it is all about trial and error and you need to find out what suits you best.
    • Just to clarify, when a member doesn't post for 30 days, the active member is then automatically switched to the inactive member group. When an inactive member logs in and posts in any area open to guests, the member is automatically switched back to the active member group. 
    • Case Rep Dermatol. 2021 Jun 21;13(2):321-329. doi: 10.1159/000517209. eCollection 2021 May-Aug. ABSTRACT Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) and granulomatous rosacea are 2 distinct inflammatory dermatoses with overlapping clinical features: reddish-yellow papular eruptions localized on the central face. Consequently, LMDF can easily be misdiagnosed as granulomatous rosacea or vice versa. Because delayed treatment in LMDF may increase chances of permanent scar formation, accurate diagnosis is important. We therefore analyzed published literature and case studies to organize the essential features differentiating LMDF from granulomatous rosacea. In addition, we report each case of LMDF and granulomatous rosacea for direct comparison. PMID:34248540 | PMC:PMC8255731 | DOI:10.1159/000517209 {url} = URL to article
    • Front Immunol. 2021 Jun 24;12:698522. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.698522. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) was initially demonstrated to be critical in regulating inflammatory responses among various allergic disorders (such as atopic dermatitis, food allergy, and asthma). Although two isoforms (short form and long form) of TSLP have been demonstrated in human tissues, the long form of TSLP (lfTSLP) is strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of allergies and cutaneous immune-mediated diseases. The immunomodulatory activity of lfTSLP varies widely, driving T helper (Th) cells polarizing Th2 and Th17 immune responses and inducing itch. Moreover, lfTSLP is closely associated with skin fibrosis, epidermal hyperplasia, angiogenesis, and homeostatic tolerogenic regulations. This review highlights significant progress from experimental and clinical studies on lfTSLP in cutaneous immune-mediated diseases (atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, bullous pemphigoid, systemic sclerosis, chronic spontaneous urticaria, Behçet's disease, vitiligo, rosacea, systemic lupus erythematosus, and alopecia areata). We also offer original insights into the pleiotropic properties of the cytokine TSLP in various pathophysiological conditions, with significant clinical implications of TSLP-targeted therapies for immune-mediated skin diseases in the future. PMID:34249003 | PMC:PMC8264505 | DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2021.698522 {url} = URL to article
    • A novel topical consisting of 15% Azelaic Acid and 1% Dihydro Avenanthramide D for rosacea is mentioned in a clinical paper posted in our member forum at this link. You will need to join the RRDi to view this post. Membership is free.  We happen to have the MOST private rosacea forum on the internet, if you join using Sign in with Apple and use Apple's Hide My Email. Android users can still join as well as Windows users are welcome. 
    • An article published at mgblifestyle, discusses 'cold and formaldehyde-containing foods' as well as 'a pretty fancy-sounding protein' (actually a couple of fancy sounding proteins) that 'sets off a chain reaction that ultimately results in the release of histamines and cathelicidins by your skin's immune system.' The two proteins discussed in the article are transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) and transient receptor potential alkyrin 1 (TRPA1).  New Research Shows How Certain Foods & Drinks Affect Rosacea, Alexandra Engler, mgblifestyle Grapefruit image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
    • Received the 2019 Form 990 from the AARS. Total revenue received $258,366. Who contributed most of the revenue? The 'skin industry.' GALDERMA LABORATORIES L.P. $87.5K LA ROCHE POSAY $15K ORTHO DERMATOLOGICS $35K SOL-GEL TECHNOLOGIES INC. $15K SUN PHARMACEUTICALS $36K ALMIRALL, LLC (FORMERLY AQUA PHARMA) $35K BOTANIX PHARMACEUTICALS $5K EPI HEALTH, LLC $5K Total donations from the skin industry is $233.5K. The AARS was refunded one of the grants given out last year in the amount of $10K and also received $10,150 in membership dues from dermatologists.  See below:  What did the AARS spend most of its donations on? Again, the largest amount was on 'Conferences, conventions, and meetings' in the amount of $167,836. Two other large expenses was $48K on 'management' and $12,280 on 'website expenses.' See below:  Is this the way you think a non profit organization for rosacea should be run?  If you are a dermatologist it seems appropriate to run this non profit the way it is run. However, if you are a rosacea sufferer, is this the rosacea non profit organization you want to support?  Why should there be a rosacea non profit run by rosaceans? You can read the Form 990 below:  AARS-2020Form990.pdf    
    • Received the 2019 Form 990 from the AARS. Total revenue received $195,638 and here is the breakdown of the top contributors who donate at least $5K:  ACLARIS THERAPEUTICS $10K CUTANEA LIFE SCIENCES (NOW OWNED BY BIOFRONTERA) $35K CASSIOPEA S.P.A. $10K FOAMIX PHARMACEUTICALS $10K GALDERMA LABORATORIES L.P. $50K RODAN AND FIELDS, LLC $35K THE PROACTIV COMPANY $35K Total from 'skin industry' $185K It would be safe to say that the vast majority of donations are from the 'skin industry.'  In addition to this, $10,450.00 revenue came from membership dues (dermatologists).  It would be prudent to note that there is little, if any, public support donations to the AARS. This organization operates more like a 501 6 c which is a business league.  What did the AARS spend most of the 'donations' on? $234,961 on "Conferences, conventions, and meetings."  You ask, how can the AARS spend more than it received in revenue? Answer: carry over assets. One expense worth noting is how the AARS spent $3,830.00 on its website. Here is a screen shot of all the expenses:  The AARS did spend $40K on research grants in 2019 and you can review below who received the money:  Your can read the form 990 yourself below:  AARS-2019-Form990.pdf
    • Lasers Surg Med. 2021 Jul 7. doi: 10.1002/lsm.23439. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated if oxymetazoline therapy combined with 595-nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) will be more beneficial than topical oxymetazoline alone for the improvement of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, prospective clinical trial approved by an independent Institutional Review Board, which enrolled 34 patients with moderate to severe clinical erythema (CEA) into a two-arm study of PDL with concomitant oxymetazoline cream (Arm 1) and oxymetazoline cream alone (Arm 2). Patients in Arm 1 were treated with 3 monthly laser sessions, which were started after 1 month of topical oxymetazoline cream. Thirty subjects continued with the study, and 25 subjects (Arm 1: 14, Arm 2: 11) completed the 6-month follow-up. With photographic comparison to baseline images, efficacy endpoints were based on clinical on-site grading by both the investigator and the patient, using the grading tools for CEA, Global Aesthetic Improvement (GAI) assessment, vessel size improvement, and subject self-assessment. These scales were assessed at baseline and/or at each clinical follow-up at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months. Subject satisfaction as well as post-treatment immediate response and treatment-associated pain scores were also evaluated. RESULTS: Statistically significant improvement in CEA was seen in both arms at the 1-, 2-, and 3-month post-baseline visits (P < 0.01). Only Arm 1 presented statistically significant improvement in CEA (P < 0.001) at 6 months post baseline with a mean score of 1.6 (almost clear-mild) compared with 3.2 at baseline. Arm 1 showed significantly greater mean vessel size improvement at 3 months (P < 0.01) and 6 months (P < 0.05) post baseline compared to Arm 2. Significantly greater improvement (P < 0.05) in the investigator GAI score was reported at the 2- and 6-month follow-ups compared with Arm 2. Subject GAI scores showed statistically significant greater improvement in Arm 1 compared with Arm 2 at both the 3- and 6-month follow-ups (P < 0.01). There were no complications or long-term effects associated with PDL or topical oxymetazoline treatments. CONCLUSION: The prospective trial verifies a safe, enhanced clinical outcome with the combination of PDL therapy and topical oxymetazoline for the treatment of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea patients. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2021 The Authors. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. PMID:34233378 | DOI:10.1002/lsm.23439 {url} = URL to article
    • Lasers Surg Med. 2021 Jul 7. doi: 10.1002/lsm.23451. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Treatment of vascular lesions is one of the main applications of cutaneous laser technology, while the other is laser hair removal. We present here a vascular laser pumped by a commercial hair removal laser. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel 524 nm vascular laser was designed using a 755 nm hair removal laser as a pumping source. This 524 nm vascular laser was used to treat facial redness and leg telangiectasias in 24 subjects. Four treatments were administered to the face at 4-6-week intervals and final photographs were taken 8 weeks following the final treatment, while two treatments were administered to lower-extremity spider veins at 2-month intervals with follow-up photographs 3 months following the final treatment. Blinded analysis of digital images was performed by two physicians not involved in the study. RESULTS: Blinded evaluation of digital photographs revealed an average improvement score of 3.3 ± 1.7 (mean ± SEM) on a 0-10 scale for removing facial redness (p < 0.001), representing a 33% improvement. Leg veins improved an average of 51% corresponding to a score of 5.1 ± 2.0 (p < 0.001). Side effects were mild and limited to erythema, purpura, edema, and one instance of mild hyperpigmentation. CONCLUSIONS: This novel 524 nm laser is safe and effective for treating vascularity on the face and legs, and proves the ability to create a laser platform incorporating a hair removal laser which then can be used as a pumping source for the attached vascular laser module. PMID:34233025 | DOI:10.1002/lsm.23451 {url} = URL to article
    • J Drugs Dermatol. 2021 Jul 1;20(7):772-775. doi: 10.36849/JDD.C702. ABSTRACT Rhinophyma is a disfiguring disorder that is characterized by an erythematous, hypertrophied, and inflamed lower two-thirds of the nose. Widely accepted as the severe form of acne rosacea, rhinophyma can result in functional, aesthetic, and psychosocial concerns that require treatment in a cosmetic fashion. Rosacea should be treated in its earliest manifestations to mitigate the progression towards rhinophyma; therefore, early detection and intervention is a crucial part of treatment. Little has been written on this subject in people of color. We present the first reported case of rhinophyma in a 62-year-old Fitzpatrick V female patient who was successfully treated with one session of fractional CO2 laser resurfacing. This case highlights the successful use of the fractional CO2 laser to treat rhinophyma in darker skin types (Fitzpatrick IV&ndash;VI) and underscores the potential for future use among patients of color. J Drugs Dermatol. 2021;20(7):772-775. doi:10.36849/JDD.C702. PMID:34231998 | DOI:10.36849/JDD.C702 {url} = URL to article
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    • Arch Craniofac Surg. 2021 Jun;22(3):131-134. doi: 10.7181/acfs.2021.00185. Epub 2021 Jun 25. ABSTRACT Morbihan disease (MD) is a rare condition that involves rosaceous lymphedema or erythematous lymphedema of the middle and upper thirds of the face. It typically affects the periorbital region, forehead, glabella, nose, and cheeks. The etiology of MD remains unclear, and its diagnosis is challenging. MD often tends to be unresponsive to therapies commonly used to treat rosacea, including corticosteroids, isotretinoin, and antibiotics. Surgical treatments have therefore been attempted, but most cases showed unsatisfactory responses. These problems could have resulted from an incorrect recognition and interpretation of the pathophysiology of MD and inaccurate planning of the operation, resulting in recurrence or exacerbation of edema. PMID:34225403 | DOI:10.7181/acfs.2021.00185 {url} = URL to article More Information on MD
    • Front Psychiatry. 2021 Jun 16;12:659171. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.659171. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by facial redness and bothersome symptoms. It can exert significant psychological effects and impair the quality of life of patients. To investigate the prevalence and risk predictors of anxiety and depression in rosacea patients, we conducted a cross-sectional study in an outpatient setting. Consecutive patients completed a questionnaire, which included questions on sociodemographic information and severity of signs and symptoms; they also completed the Patient Health Questionnaire and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale. Disease burden was assessed using Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Willing-to-Pay, and Time trade-off. Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine the risk factors for anxiety and depression. A total of 774 patients completed the survey. The prevalence of anxiety was 53.9% (95% CI: 50.4-57.4%) and that of depression was 58.1% (95% CI: 54.7-61.6%). The factors associated with anxiety were age, gender, the need to make appearances at work, severity of self-reported symptoms, the number of rosacea signs and adaptive behaviors, and disease burden. Depression was associated with younger age, more severe self-reported symptoms, more adaptive behaviors, and higher disease burden. After adjusting for demographics, the risk of anxiety or depression increased in young patients who had severe self-reported symptoms, high DLQI scores, and many adaptive behaviors. Taken together, there is a high prevalence of anxiety and depression among Chinese rosacea patients. Younger rosacea patients who have more severe self-reported symptoms and higher disease burden are prone to anxiety and depression. PMID:34220573 | PMC:PMC8244786 | DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2021.659171 {url} = URL to article
    • J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2021 Feb;14(2):22-24. Epub 2021 Feb 1. ABSTRACT Rosacea and cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) are chronic inflammatory dermatoses. To our knowledge, no cases of granulomatous rosacea (GR) associated with CLE have been previously reported in the literature. We describe the case of a 38-year-old female patient who presented to our clinic with a diffuse scaly facial erythema, with the codiagnoses of GR and CLE later confirmed with clinicopathological correlation. PMID:34221223 | PMC:PMC8211343 {url} = URL to article Other Co-existing Conditions with Rosacea
    • Nutrients. 2021 Jun 24;13(7):2165. doi: 10.3390/nu13072165. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Allergy to nonspecific lipid transfer protein (nsLTP) is the main cause of plant-food allergy in Spain. nsLTPs are widely distributed in the plant kingdom and have high cross-reactivity but extremely variable clinical expression. Little is known about the natural evolution of this allergy, which complicates management. The objective of this study was to assess the development of allergy to new plant foods in nsLTP-sensitized patients 10 years after diagnosis. METHODS: One hundred fifty-one patients showing specific IgE to nsLTP determined by ISAC (Thermofisher) were included. After clinical workup (i.e., anamnesis, skin test, and challenge when needed), these patients were divided into two groups: 113 patients allergic to one or more plant food (74.5%) and 38 patients not allergic to any plant food (25.1%). Ten years later, a telephone interview was conducted to check whether patients had developed additional allergic reactions to plant foods. RESULTS: Ten years after diagnosis, 35 of the 113 (31%) plant-food-allergic patients sensitized to nsLTP reported reactions to new, previously tolerated plant foods, mainly Rosaceae/Prunoideae fruits and nuts followed by vegetables, Rosacea/Pomoideae fruits, legumes, and cereals. Five out of 38 (13.2%) patients previously sensitized to nsLTP but without allergy to any plant food had experienced allergic reactions to some plant food: two to Rosaceae/Prunoideae fruits, two to Rosaceae/Prunoideae fruit and nuts, and one to legumes. CONCLUSION: Patients sensitized to nsLTP developed allergic reactions to other plant foods, mainly Rosaceae-Prunoideae fruits and nuts. This was more frequent among plant-food-allergic patients than among those who had never had plant-food allergy. PMID:34202484 | DOI:10.3390/nu13072165 {url} = URL to article
    • Antibiotics (Basel). 2021 Jun 22;10(7):757. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics10070757. ABSTRACT Resistance of Cutibacterium acnes to topical antibiotics historically used to treat acne (topical erythromycin and clindamycin and, more recently, topical azithromycin and clarithromycin) has been steadily increasing and new topical antibiotics are needed. Minocycline is a semisynthetic tetracycline-derived antibiotic currently used systemically to treat a wide range of infections caused by Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. In addition to its antibiotic activity, minocycline possesses anti-inflammatory properties, such as the downregulation of proinflammatory cytokine production, suppression of neutrophil chemotaxis, activation of superoxide dismutase, and inhibition of phagocytosis, among others. These characteristics make minocycline a valuable agent for treatment of dermatological diseases such as acne vulgaris and papulopustular rosacea. However, more frequent or serious adverse effects have been observed upon the systemic administration of minocycline than with other tetracyclines. Examples of serious adverse effects include hypersensitivity syndrome reaction, drug-induced lupus, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and other autoimmune syndromes that may cause death. Here, we review adverse effects and drug-drug interactions observed with oral administration of minocycline and contrast this with topical minocycline formulations recently approved or under development for effectively treating dermatological disorders with fewer adverse effects and less drug interaction. PMID:34206485 | DOI:10.3390/antibiotics10070757 {url} = URL to article
    • J Clin Med. 2021 Jun 29;10(13):2897. doi: 10.3390/jcm10132897. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a facial inflammatory dermatosis that is linked with various systemic illnesses. With regards to the eye, rosacea patients have been described to manifest ocular surface changes, such as blepharitis and conjunctivitis. However, studies that examine the association of rosacea with a wider array of ocular diseases are limited. Thus, our aim was to identify the range of ocular comorbidities in the Korean patient population and create a reference data set. A multi-institutional, case-control study was conducted, where 12,936 rosacea patients and an equal number of sex- and age-matched control subjects were extracted over a 12-year period. We were able to discover a notable association between rosacea and blepharitis (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3.44; 95% confidence interval, 2.71-4.36, p < 0.001), conjunctivitis (aOR 1.65; 95% CI, 1.50-1.82, p < 0.001), glaucoma (aOR 1.93; 95% CI, 1.70-2.20, p < 0.001), dry eye syndrome (aOR 1.89; 95% CI, 1.70-2.09, p < 0.001), and chalazion (aOR 3.26; 95% CI, 1.41-7.57, p = 0.006) from logistic regression analysis. Female subjects and individuals younger than 50 exclusively showed higher odds for chalazion. Our study suggests that ocular comorbidities (i.e., glaucoma, dry eye syndrome, and chalazion as well as blepharitis and conjunctivitis) are more prevalent among Koreans with rosacea. Clinicians should proactively check ocular symptoms in rosacea and employ joint care with an ophthalmologist in cases of need. PMID:34209731 | DOI:10.3390/jcm10132897 {url} = URL to article Other Systemic Comorbidities in Rosacea
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    • Arch Dermatol Res. 2021 Jul 1. doi: 10.1007/s00403-021-02259-2. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a common chronic facial inflammatory skin disease. However, treatment for "difficult-to-treat rosacea" cases has not been established. This 48-week, prospective, observational study analyzed patients who underwent three non-insulated fractional microneedle radiofrequency (NFMRF) sessions at 2-month intervals. Therapy efficacy, epidermal barrier function, and side effects were evaluated. 34 subjects completed the trial. NFMRF resulted in CEA score reduction from 2.65 ± 0.59 to 1.56 ± 0.50 (P < 0.001) and mean DLQI reduction from 16.70 ± 3.55 to 10.48 ± 2.92 (P < 0.001). The successes of CEA (44.12 vs. 2.94%), IGA (91.67 vs. 25.00%), and flushing (58.82 vs. 26.47%) were observed. Among 34 patients, 22 reported "excellent" or "good" improvement and 30 were "very" or "relatively" satisfied. Skin barrier results revealed that hemoglobin content significantly decreased from 376.47 ± 71.29 at visit 0 to 161.32 ± 52.86 at visit 3. 2 of 30 patients followed-up at 6 months had a relapse at 18 and 20 weeks, respectively. No serious side effects were observed. NFMRF alone results in visible improvement and has great efficacy for difficult-to-treat rosacea without compromising patient safety or damaging the skin barrier. PMID:34196817 | DOI:10.1007/s00403-021-02259-2 {url} = URL to article
    • Dermatol Ther. 2021 Jul 1:e15049. doi: 10.1111/dth.15049. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease, with a high prevalence among adults. Treatment of rosacea is difficult, with high rate of recurrence. Due to the strong anti- inflammatory and antibacterial effects of platelet rich plasma, it was used in the medicine for treating many inflammatory diseases. To evaluate the role of platelet rich plasma injection in treatment of rosacea. The study was carried on 40 patients with rosacea. They were treated by platelet rich plasma injection in right side of the face (group A) and platelet poor plasma injection in left side (group B). They underwent one session every 2 weeks for 3 months (6 sessions). The patients were assessed clinically before and after treatment by the Rosacea grading scale. Skin biopsies were taken to evaluate the clinical results. There was a statistically significant decrease in Rosacea grading scale after treatment with platelet rich plasma injection, 50% of the patients showed excellent improvement and 50% showed good improvement. The improvement was significantly better in group A than B. There was marked decrease in inflammatory cells by haematoxylin and eosin stain, and decrease in expression of nuclear factor kappa βeta after treatment with platelet rich plasma. PRP was effective and safe technique in treatment of rosacea and alternative to other systemic modalities, especially if they are contraindicated. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID:34197656 | DOI:10.1111/dth.15049 {url} = URL to article
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    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Jun 30. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14315. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease mainly with skin or ocular manifestations. Topical calcineurin inhibitors, pimecrolimus and tacrolimus, can be used to treat rosacea. However, they can also induce rosacea-like eruptions. AIMS: This study systematically reviewed the double-edged sword effect of pimecrolimus and tacrolimus in rosacea. METHODS: Four databases were retrieved to search for articles on the effects of pimecrolimus and tacrolimus on rosacea, including Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science. Only English articles were included in the systematic review. Relevant data were collected, and the levels of evidence were evaluated. RESULTS: 28 articles published between 2001 and 2016 were included. 11 articles were about pimecrolimus as the treatment of rosacea, 4 articles were about the pimecrolimus-induced rosacea, 9 articles were about tacrolimus as the treatment of rosacea, and 4 articles were about tacrolimus-induced rosacea. Participants for each study ranged from 1 to 200. Several types of outcome measurements were used for these publications. CONCLUSIONS: Both pimecrolimus and tacrolimus might have double-edged sword effects on rosacea. Pimecrolimus and tacrolimus could be effective for rosacea. However, both of them could also induce rosacea. Larger, randomized, controlled studies on pimecrolimus and tacrolimus as the treatment of rosacea and studies on mechanisms of pimecrolimus and tacrolimus in treating or inducing rosacea are needed. This systematic review emphasized the double-edged sword role of topical calcineurin inhibitors in rosacea, which may pave the way for future research. PMID:34192412 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14315 {url} = URL to article Is this a Rebound or Allergic Reaction?
    • Indian J Dermatol. 2021 Mar-Apr;66(2):165-168. doi: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_290_18. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the facial skin. OBJECTIVES: Dermoscopy is a noninvasive procedure that is commonly used for the diagnosis of dermatological diseases. This article aims to determine the clinical and dermoscopic manifestations of the rosacea patients and the presence of the accompanying Demodex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study evaluated 23 patients who were diagnosed with rosacea through clinical and dermoscopic findings. The patients were clinically and dermoscopically photographed and were classified according to the rosacea classification. The presence of Demodex was demonstrated both dermoscopically and through biopsy. RESULTS: There were a total of 23 participants (17 females and 6 males). The ages of the participants ranged between 28 and 75, with an average of 49. Among the 23 participants, 14 were erythematotelangiectatic, 7 were papulopustular, and 2 were rhinophyma. A total of 12 participants (4 males and 8 females) had ocular involvement. The most common dermoscopic finding was a linear vascular structure. A total of 15 patients (11 females and 4 males) had the demodicosis finding. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of rosacea and demodicosis through dermoscopic findings is as reliable as a biopsy and it has the advantage of being noninvasive. PMID:34188272 | PMC:PMC8208267 | DOI:10.4103/ijd.IJD_290_18 {url} = URL to article
    • Indian J Dermatol. 2021 Mar-Apr;66(2):203-205. doi: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_611_19. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34188282 | PMC:PMC8208259 | DOI:10.4103/ijd.IJD_611_19 {url} = URL to article
    • Hi Liesie,  Welcome to the RRDi. I recommend you try posting in natural treatments in the non prescription member forum which is shown below in this category: Forum Home > Forums > Member Forum > Rosacea Topics > Non Prescription > Natural Treatments  You will find a number of posts on this subject that may be of interest to you. If you are recommending your own natural products, we do allow members to ask you about your products for rosacea if that is what you are referring to, which you can reply to but the purpose of the RRDi is to help rosaceans. If they are not your own products, instead, natural products for rosacea you have found then that is the spirit we need in our community. Rosaceans helping rosaceans. The purpose of the RRDi is not to profit from other RRDi members, and instead encourages community support. This is a grassroots, non profit, patient advocacy organization for rosacea sufferers.   
    • Correct point. Rather you can decrease the consumption of tea and coffee. I myself drink tea regularly and sometimes coffee instead of tea but I never get any flushing. Drinking only one cup of tea or coffee in a whole day is OK but if you drink more than one cup will definitely cause flushing and not good for health.
    • Good point. The papers on coffee point this out. There may be evidence that caffeine triggers a flush, but there is no evidence that coffee or tea causes a rosacea flareup. Usually the confusion is when rosaceans think flushing is rosacea or rosacea is flushing, which adds to this quandary. However, if avoiding flushing is important to a rosacean, then it would be prudent to carefully avoid caffeine induced flushing. 
    • 2 studies, one on hot coffee and one on hot tea, both alleged to cause or trigger rosacea or flushing.   Neither study tested any other drink including food neutral hot water.   It is possible that in both cases the heat caused the issues with rosacea symptoms like flushing rather than the specific drink. It is possible to find meaningless statistical correlations between a common food or beverage and a common disease.  A better test would have been to compare drinking hot beverages vs. drinking the same beverage at room temperature vs. drinking hot water vs. drinking room temperature water.
    • According to a paper on 'good skin quality,'  "there are no standardized criteria for good skin quality." The authors of the paper then attempted "To establish a consensus for good skin quality parameters and measurement and treatment options, a virtual skin quality advisory board consisting of a global panel of highly experienced aesthetic dermatologists/aesthetic physicians was convened."  The results were "strong consensus that good skin quality is defined as healthy, youthful in appearance (appearing younger than a person’s chronological age), undamaged skin and that skin quality can be described across all ethnicities by four emergent perceptual categories (EPCs): skin tone evenness, skin surface evenness, skin firmness, and skin glow."  You may read the entire paper yourself:  Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2021; 14: 643–654. Skin Quality – A Holistic 360° View: Consensus Results Kate Goldie, Martina Kerscher, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Cyro Hirano,4 Marina Landau, Ting Song Lim, Heather Woolery-Lloyd, Kavita Mariwalla, Je-Young Park, Yana Yutskovskaya image courtesy of Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol
    • Image of naturally burning oil shale on a coast near Kimmeridge, on 18th August 2000, courtesy of Wikimedia Commons What is Sodium Bituminosulfonate? "Ammonium bituminosulfonate or ammonium bituminosulphonate (synonyms of ichthammol, CAS#8029-68-3 brand name: Ichthyol) is a product of natural origin obtained in the first step by dry distillation of sulfur-rich oil shale (bituminous schists)." Wikipedia "There are also no systematic studies on the use of schist oil extracts such as ammonium bituminosulfonate and sodium bituminosulfonate;" [1] "Most tar compounds are derived from coal tars, but oil shale tars (ichthammol), juniper tars (cade oil), or pine tars are sometimes used." [2] Sodium Bituminosulfonate for Rosacea It is of interest to note that a paper states, "Sodium bituminosulfonate is derived from naturally occurring sulphur-rich oil shale and is used for the treatment of the inflammatory skin disease rosacea....The aim of this study was to address the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the therapeutic benefit of the formulation sodium bituminosulfonate dry substance (SBDS), which is indicated for the treatment of skin inflammation, including rosacea....In summary, SBDS reduces the generation of inflammatory mediators from human neutrophils possibly accounting for its anti-inflammatory effects in rosacea." [3] Another paper on this subject states, "The aim of this study was to address the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the therapeutic benefit of the formulation sodium bituminosulfonate dry substance (SBDS), which is indicated for the treatment of skin inflammation, including rosacea." [4] History of Sodium Bituminosulfonate "One of these “old” substances is ammonium bituminosulfonate, which was already introduced in 1882 as “Ichthyol”. Its pale analogue was made known in the 1930s as “Ichthyol, light”. However, the mechanism of the antimicrobial activity of bituminosulfonate is still unclear. These compounds are water-soluble substances obtained from the sulfur-rich oil shale and represent the two fractions, which are the pale sulfonated shale oil (PSSO) and the dark sulfonated shale oil (DSSO), from the dry distillation process. The few available publications on bituminosulfonate involve a variety of microbial species in outdated research experiments and give only very limited insights on the in vitro mechanism and activity. A recent publication by Idelevich and Becker focused on the in vitro activity of sodium bituminosulfonate within the scope of current recommendations for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST), revealing activity against Gram-positive pathogens. [bold added for emphasis] [5] "Revival of old antibiotic compounds is a promising strategy to strengthen the antimicrobial armamentarium in the era of increasing resistance and limited development pipelines. To exploit their full potential, their reinvestigation using current standards is needed. We aimed to investigate the in vitro activity of the old antimicrobial agent sodium bituminosulfonate in accordance with the current recommendations for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) and to generate susceptibility data reflecting the current epidemiological situation." [bold added for emphasis] [6] Sodium Sulfacetamide - Sulfur has been used to treat rosacea for many years. [7] Etcetera Sulphur or Sulfur for Rosacea End Notes [1] Dermatological medication and local therapeutics Christof Schaefer, Gudula Kirtschig, in Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation (Third Edition), 2015, Ichthammol, Science Direct [2] Dermatopharmacology and Topical Formulary William L. Weston MD, ... Joseph G. Morelli MD, in Color Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology (Fourth Edition), 2007, Ichthammol, Science Direct [3]  If you cannot view the link above it is because you are not a registered, active member of the RRDi. Join the RRDi to view the article and become involved in our rosacea community. Learn more [4] Journal of Inflammation Research » Volume 14 Sodium Bituminosulfonate Used to Treat Rosacea Modulates Generation of Inflammatory Mediators by Primary Human Neutrophils Susanne Schiffmann, Sandra Gunne, Marina Henke, Thomas Ulshöfer, Dieter Steinhilber, Annette Sethmann, Michael J Parnham  [5] Microorganisms, 8 December 2020; Published: 10 December 2020 Investigation of In-Vitro Adaptation toward Sodium Bituminosulfonate in Staphylococcus aureus Marko Blisse, Evgeny A. Idelevich, and Karsten Becker  SBDS_microorganisms-08-01962-v2.pdf [6] Microb Drug Resist. 2020 Nov;26(11):1405-1409.  doi: 10.1089/mdr.2019.0390. Epub 2020 Mar 17. In Vitro Activity of Sodium Bituminosulfonate: Susceptibility Data for the Revival of an Old Antimicrobial Evgeny A Idelevich, Karsten Becker [7} Sodium Sulfacetamide - Sulfur
    • Watch the video Rebound vs Allergic Reaction    
    • J Inflamm Res. 2021 Jun 16;14:2569-2582. doi: 10.2147/JIR.S313636. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Sodium bituminosulfonate is derived from naturally occurring sulphur-rich oil shale and is used for the treatment of the inflammatory skin disease rosacea. Major molecular players in the development of rosacea include the release of enzymes that process antimicrobial peptides which, together with reactive oxygen species (ROS) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), promote pro-inflammatory processes and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to address the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the therapeutic benefit of the formulation sodium bituminosulfonate dry substance (SBDS), which is indicated for the treatment of skin inflammation, including rosacea. METHODS: We investigated whether SBDS regulates the expression of cytokines, the release of the antimicrobial peptide LL-37, calcium mobilization, proteases (matrix metalloproteinase, elastase, kallikrein (KLK)5), VEGF or ROS in primary human neutrophils. In addition, activity assays with 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and recombinant human MMP9 and KLK5 were performed. RESULTS: We observed that SBDS reduces the release of the antimicrobial peptide LL-37, calcium, elastase, ROS and VEGF from neutrophils. Moreover, KLK5, the enzyme that converts cathelicidin to LL-37, and 5-LO that produces leukotriene (LT)A4, the precursor of LTB4, were both inhibited by SBDS with an IC50 of 7.6 µg/mL and 33 µg/mL, respectively. CONCLUSION: Since LTB4 induces LL-37 which, in turn, promotes increased intracellular calcium levels and thereby, ROS/VEGF/elastase release, SBDS possibly regulates the LTB4/LL-37/calcium - ROS/VEGF/elastase axis by inhibiting 5-LO and KLK5. Additional direct effects on other pro-inflammatory pathways such as ROS generation cannot be ruled out. In summary, SBDS reduces the generation of inflammatory mediators from human neutrophils possibly accounting for its anti-inflammatory effects in rosacea. PMID:34163212 | PMC:PMC8215909 | DOI:10.2147/JIR.S313636 {url} = URL to article More Information
    • Usually, coffee is the trigger mentioned in rosacea social media groups, in any discussion about rosacea and sometimes even physicians mention coffee to their patients. However a recent study of 2063 participants (you should try to get that many participants together and get them to fill out a questionnaire) who were asked about tea consumption with their rosacea. The results of this study indicate, "non-fermented tea (aOR 2.172; 95% CI 1.562-3.022), and hot tea (aOR 2.793; 95% CI 1.796-1.344) were associated with an increased risk of rosacea. Further results showed that these tea drinking behaviours were significantly associated with an increased risk of flushing (aOR 1.41; 95% CI 1.07-1.87) and erythema (aOR 1.48; 95% CI 1.10-2.00). Tea drinking behaviour is closely related to rosacea."  If you see an error message above, it is because you are not a member of the RRDi. To view the article referred to in the above link join the RRDi. Membership is free. Learn more. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.     
    • Acta Derm Venereol. 2021 Jun 23. doi: 10.2340/00015555-3849. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT The exact mechanisms of rosacea development are unknown, but it has been suggested that tea consumption may be associated with its development. To determine the relationship between tea drinking behaviour and rosacea, this clinical case-control study recruited 2,063 participants, who completed a questionnaire about tea drinking behaviour. A 1:1 ratio propensity score matching method was used to generate 619 cases and 619 controls. High-frequency tea drinking (3 times/day: adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.592; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.225-5.485; ≥ 4 times/day; aOR 8.86; 95% CI 3.43-22.887), non-fermented tea (aOR 2.172; 95% CI 1.562-3.022), and hot tea (aOR 2.793; 95% CI 1.796-1.344) were associated with an increased risk of rosacea. Further results showed that these tea drinking behaviours were significantly associated with an increased risk of flushing (aOR 1.41; 95% CI 1.07-1.87) and erythema (aOR 1.48; 95% CI 1.10-2.00). Tea drinking behaviour is closely related to rosacea and. PMID:34159391 | DOI:10.2340/00015555-3849 {url} = URL to article
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    • Br J Dermatol. 2021 Jun 22. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20594. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Glucocorticoids (GC) are generally envisioned as immunosuppressive, but in conditions such as rosacea and perioral dermatitis they can lead to increased skin inflammation. In lung epithelia, GC promote expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine CCL20, which contributes to steroid-resistant asthma. In the skin, CCL20 stimulates inflammation by recruiting Th17 T-lymphocytes and dendritic cells and is elevated in papulopustular rosacea. The objective of this study was to understand if and how glucocorticoids affect CCL20 expression in human keratinocytes. CCL20 expression was assessed by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and ELISA. Selective inhibition of candidate genes and signaling pathways was performed using RNA interference and chemical inhibitors. The binding of activated glucocorticoid receptor to genomic DNA was determined by chromatin immunoprecipitation, and enhancer activity of genomic sequences was measured with a reporter assay. We found that GC treatment increased CCL20 expression in human keratinocytes and murine skin, both in the undisturbed state and with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) stimulation. GC repressed pro-inflammatory signaling pathways including NFκB and p38/MAPK, but these inhibitory effects were opposed by the direct binding of activated glucocorticoid receptor to the CCL20 enhancer, promoting CCL20 expression. Viewed together, these findings demonstrate a mechanism by which GC induce expression of CCL20 in keratinocytes, which may contribute to the inflammation seen in steroid-exacerbated skin conditions. PMID:34157145 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20594 {url} = URL to article More information on Steroid Rosacea
    • Watch the video Rosacea Systemic Comorbidities
    • Good day. I am looking for people in preferably Port Elizabeth, South Africa to try 100% natural products I used it for my rosacea. I am not on Facebook. I can send a before and a recent picture. Kind regards Liesle  
    • Lupus. 2021 Jun 18:9612033211025095. doi: 10.1177/09612033211025095. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The skin is the second most affected organ after articular involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Cutaneous involvement occurs in approximately 80% of patients during the course of SLE. Interaction between the host and skin microorganism is a complex process. There are few studies on the diversity of skin microbes in SLE patients. Therefore, this study aims to explore the relationship between skin microorganisms and SLE. METHODS: A total of 20 SLE patients, 20 controls with rosacea and 20 healthy controls were selected as study subjects. Both the skin microbiota of rash region and non-rash region for each SLE patient were collected.16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to detected skin microbiota from 80 specimens. α-Diversity and β-diversity of skin microbiota were analyzed based on operational taxonomic units (OTUs) and minimal entropy decomposition (MED). Using Wilcoxon test and Linear Discriminate Analysis Effect Size (LEfSe), skin microbial diversity and composition were analyzed. Functional capabilities of microbiota were estimated through Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database. RESULTS: Compared to rash region of SLE, diversity and richness were increased in healthy controls, and decreased in non-rash region of SLE and rash region of controls with rosacea. Additionally, changes of skin microbial composition were found at different taxonomic levels between four groups. For example, genus Halomonas was increased and genera Pelagibacterium, Novosphingobium, and Curvibacter were decreased in rash region compared to non-rash region of SLE based on OTUs and MED. Based on OTUs, metabolic pathways were also found differences in SLE patients, such as Xenobiotics Biodegradation and Metabolism. CONCLUSION: Compositions and diversity of skin microbiota in SLE patients are changed. This pilot study provides some suggestive evidence for further exploration of skin microbiota in SLE patients with cutaneous involvement. PMID:34139926 | DOI:10.1177/09612033211025095 {url} = URL to article Etcetera Microorganisms of the Human Microbiome in Rosacea
    • J Am Acad Dermatol. 2021 Jun 14:S0190-9622(21)01132-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.06.028. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34139293 | DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2021.06.028 {url} = URL to article
    • Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2021 Jun 8;14:601-614. doi: 10.2147/CCID.S267203. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Facial erythema is a common dermatologic complaint. There are many medical and procedure-based treatments to help reduce the appearance of unwanted facial redness. The authors review a variety of treatment options and techniques to reduce facial erythema and prominent facial veins including topical medical therapies, a variety of lasers, light- and energy-based devices as well as the use of neuromodulators and sclerotherapy. The benefits and potential pitfalls of each procedure modality are also highlighted. PMID:34135612 | PMC:PMC8197440 | DOI:10.2147/CCID.S267203 {url} = URL to article
    • Br J Dermatol. 2021 Jun 15. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20578. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Previous reports have demonstrated an association between rosacea and migraine1 . This relationship has been found especially among postmenopausal females in large register studies but also in some smaller clinical studies1 . A nationwide study (n=49,475) from Denmark reported that female subjects with rosacea aged over 50 years had 1.3-fold increased risk for migraine. PMID:34137465 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20578 {url} = URL to article More Information
    • Watch the videos on RRDi Tee Shirts
    • First, watch the two videos on our Tee Shirt page, and then add your recommendation for a slogan in this guest thread. Find the Reply to Topic button and post. 
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