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  • Misdiagnosed Rosacea


    Articles, References and Anecdotal Reports

    There are articles on rosacea that mention misdiagnosed rosacea. While this isn't a massive problem, nevertheless, here is a list of different sources that mention the subject, including (if you scroll below) many anecdotal reports of misdiagnosis. Misdiagnosis is what falls under the medical umbrella called 'medical error.' You should be aware that rosacea may be a catch all diagnosis for a number of skin conditions that present with erythema and/or pimples. The list of skin conditions that need to be differentiated from rosacea is massive. It is no wonder that misdiagnosis occasionally happens. There are reports coming out of China of using AI in computer aided diagnosis that may reduce the number of misdiagnosed rosacea in the future. 

    Add Your Report
    If you want to add your experience with misdiagnosis please post your anecdotal report in this thread, since we are not adding to this page any more anecdotal reports. If you scroll below we have over 100 anecdotal reports of misdiagnosis. More are being added as we find more or if you add your report to this thread

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    Articles and References from Reputable Authorities 

    "To the untrained eye, unusual skin presentations can cause confusion and alarm. They can also go misdiagnosed, often not getting the attention they require. This is because many skin conditions can seem similar in appearance to one another, says Shari Marchbein, board-certified dermatologist and clinical assistant professor of dermatology at New York University School of Medicine....Another common misdiagnosis is rosacea disguised as acne, says Estee Williams, a board-certified medical, cosmetic and surgical dermatologist and clinical professor in dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City." 
    4 Skin Conditions That Are Often Misdiagnosed, According to Dermatologists, BY ERIN NICOLE CELLETTI, Allure

    "Rosacea SKINsights sponsored by Galderma Laboratories [reveals] the lengths that women with rosacea would go to if they could get rid of their rosacea forever, and highlight the low awareness and complicated diagnosis path for this common condition. On average, women with rosacea waited at least seven months before receiving a correct diagnosis, and only half of respondents had ever heard of the condition upon the time of diagnosis. This reveals the high level of misunderstanding and confusion that surrounds rosacea..." Medical News Today

    "Currently, rosacea is only diagnosed by clinical symptoms and can be confused with other dermatological diseases such as acne."
    New Treatment or Diagnosis for Rosacea with Existing Approved Drugs
    Tech ID: 19149 / UC Case 2007-047-0
    University of California, San Diego
    Technology Transfer Office

    "Despite its apparent high incidence, the nosology of rosacea is not well established, and the term “rosacea” has been applied to patients and research subjects with a diverse set of clinical findings that may or may not be an integral part of this disorder. In addition to the diversity of clinical manifestations, the etiology and pathogenesis of rosacea are unknown, and there are no histologic or serologic markers."
    Standard classification of rosacea: Report of the National Rosacea Society Expert Committee on the Classification and Staging of Rosacea

    ''Some physicians may not be aware of or recognize rosacea and may treat patients with rosacea inappropriately as if they had adult acne.''
    Dr. Jonathan Wilkin NRS Medical Advisory Board

    "Rosacea is a common dermatologic disorder. It is frequently overlooked or misdiagnosed, particularly when mild in nature."
    Rosacea: A Review of a Common Disorder by Carolyn Knox, IJAPA

    "Patients with rosacea frequently present with coexisting skin conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis, acne, perioral dermatitis, and melasma, which may complicate diagnosis and treatment."
    Heather Roebuck, Nurse Pract. 2011 Jan 11.

    "A committee member, Dr. Mark Dahl, a dermatologist at the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., said, ''This is a syndrome with lots of different elements that is easy to diagnose when all the elements are present,'' but not as easy when only one or two of the characteristics appear."
    PERSONAL HEALTH; Sometimes Rosy Cheeks Are Just Rosy Cheeks
    By JANE E. BRODY, New York Times, March 16, 2004

    "Rosacea is a complex and often misdiagnosed condition." The Rosacea Forum Moderated by Drs. Bernstein and Geronemus (site is down but you can view this statement in the Wayback Machine)

    "Whereas the classical subtypes of rosacea can be recognized quite well, the variants of rosacea may be overlooked or misdiagnosed." rosacea.dermis.net

    "Rosacea is often misdiagnosed as acne or discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)." Christiane Northup, M.D.

    "Frequently misdiagnosed as adult acne, this chronic, progressive skin disorder affects millions." Recognizing and Managing Rosacea by Thalia Swinler, JSTOR

    "The last subtype, ocular rosacea, is common but often misdiagnosed." uspharmacist.com

    "The signs and symptoms of ocular rosacea in children may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed..." NRS Rosacea Review, Summer 2008

    “It’s a condition that is often misdiagnosed and overdiagnosed. Sometimes a rosy cheek is just a rosy cheek.” Herbert Goodheart, M.D., a dermatologist in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., and author of “Acne for Dummies,” as quoted in the New York Times article

    "Dr. Jay points to the inherent dangers of misdiagnosis and inability to handle complications because of a limited understanding of cutaneous physiology."
    IPL: Wave of the future in rosacea therapy by John Nemec, Aug 1, 2006

    "...unusual manifestations of rosacea may be overlooked or misdiagnosed...."
    Rosacea: An Update
    Stanislaw A. Buechner
    Dermatology 2005;210:100-108 (DOI: 10.1159/000082564)

    "Rosacea is a skin condition as misunderstood as sensitive skin, and as frequently misdiagnosed." Dermilogica

    "Rosacea is a very common, but often misunderstood and misdiagnosed skin condition." skinlaboratory.com

    "Rosacea is a long lasting, non-scarring skin condition of the face that is often misdiagnosed as adult acne." Paul M. Friedman, MD

    "Rosacea is quite often misdiagnosed as any number of other skin disorders including acne." methodsofhealing.com

    "Often misdiagnosed as adult acne, allergy or eczema, Rosacea, if left untreated, tends to worsen over time...." Dana Anderson Skin Care

    "This present patient clearly had facial changes typical of acne rosacea, with erythema and telangiectasias of the cheeks, forehead, and nose. He had all the typical lid changes as well, including collarattes that are pathognomonic of staphylococcal blepharitis. Unfortunately, he had been misdiagnosed for several years…" Clinical Pearls by Janice A. Gault, p. 206

    "Due to the fact that lupus can cause a red rash across the nose and face, often in a butterfly pattern it can be confused with or misdiagnosed as rosacea. .." www.rosacea-treatment.net/

    "Dr. Callender also noted that rosacea is often misdiagnosed in patients of color, as clinicians may mistake the signs and symptoms of the condition for lupus – a systemic, autoimmune condition that commonly occurs as a “butterfly rash” involving the face."
    Treating acne and rosacea in people with skin of color - ihealthbulletin.com

    "...it's often overlooked in dark-skinned patients or misdiagnosed as lupus, which is marked by a red, butterfly-shaped rash in the center of the face,..." Shape May 2009

    "...the diagnosis of demodicosis is frequently masked by other skin diseases such as papulopustular or erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, seborrhoeic dermatitis, perioral dermatitis and contact dermatitis." Br J Dermatol. 2010 Feb 25.

    A Case of Precursor B-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Misdiagnosed as Rosacea.
    Han EC, Kim DY, Chung JY, Chung HJ, Chung KY.
    Korean J Dermatol. 2008 Feb;46(2):264-267

    "It is when the first diagnosis and treatment don't work that dermatologists look deeper and often discover something called demodex." Microscopic menace may be cause of skin trouble, Jennifer Van Vrancken, Reporte, FOX 8 News: WVUE Live Stream

    "Busy doctors who cannot take a detailed history will frequently miss the diagnosis, complicated further by the fact that rosacea is a great mimic of other unrelated disorders that present with a “red face”. I have often seen classical cases of rosacea mistakenly diagnosed as acne vulgaris, lupus erythematosus, seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and other inflammatory diseases." Albert Kligman, A Personal Critique on the State of Knowledge of Rosacea

    "Ocular rosacea is frequently misdiagnosed, particularly in the pediatric population." Eur J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jan 3:0. doi: 10.5301/ejo.5000103.

    A report, About some red faces, stated: "Diagnosis is based on different data: date and mode of appearance, characteristics of the erythema, functional signs, and associated systemic manifestations. A case of red face can have an infectious origin, caused by vascular, congenital, or acquired lesions, or be caused by photodermatosis, or be the main location of inflammatory dermatosis or collagenosis, but depending on the clinical context, many other diagnoses can be suggested."

    "Butterfly rash is a red flat facial rash involving the malar region bilaterally and the bridge of the nose. The presence of a butterfly rash is generally a sign of lupus erythematosus (LE), but it can also include a plethora of conditions. The case presented here is of a female with butterfly rash along with typical bright red discoloration of gingiva. The clinical, histopathological and biochemical investigations suggested the presence of rosacea."
    Contemp Clin Dent. 2012 Jul;3(3):356-8. doi: 10.4103/0976-237X.103637.
    Butterfly rash with periodontitis: A diagnostic dilemma.
    Aggarwal M, Mittal M, Dwivedi S, Vashisth P, Jaiswal D.

    "A 28-year-old female patient presented with extensive facial and ocular eruptions. She had a history of treatment with oral prednisolone due to the clinical diagnosis of lupus erythematosus (LE)....With the clinical diagnosis of severe oculofacial rosacea, she was successfully treated with oral doxycycline, steroid eye drops, and ocular lubricants. Histopathological features of skin biopsy were consistent with rosacea in the context of infection with Demodexfolliculorum.... Rosacea can be extremely severe and disfiguring, and it can be misdiagnosed as the pathognomonic butterfly rash of LE."
    J Ophthalmic Vis Res. 2017 Oct-Dec; 12(4): 429–433.doi:  10.4103/jovr.jovr_46_16
    PMCID: PMC5644412
    Severe Rosacea: A Case Report
    Ebrahim Shirzadeh, MD, Abbas Bagheri, MD, Mojtaba Fattahi Abdizadeh, PhD, and Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi, MD

    Q: I was diagnosed with rosacea, but my skin isn’t responding to the rosacea treatments. In fact, it’s getting worse. Is it possible that I have both rosacea and acne?

    A: In a word, yes. For some patients, it is possible to have both rosacea and acne., Sue Chung , Patient Expert, Rosacea Misdiagnoses, Skin Health, Health Central

    "Many people with skin of color who have rosacea may experience delayed diagnosis leading to inappropriate or inadequate treatment, greater morbidity, and uncontrolled, progressive disease with disfiguring manifestations, including phymatous rosacea."
    J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018 Sep 18;:
    Global Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Rosacea, Highlighting Skin of Color: Review and Clinical Practice Experience.
    Alexis AF, Callender VD, Baldwin HE, Desai SR, Rendon MI, Ta ylor SC

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    Anecdotal Reports of Misdiagnosis

    The following is a partial list of anecdotal reports either of misdiagnosing rosacea for another skin disease or vice versa:

    1. Bob reports his rosacea was misdiagnosed for discoid lupus

    2. Elizabeth's initial diagnosis of rosacea turned out to be KP

    3. Andrea says her initial diagnosis of rosacea may have turned out to be pellegra

    4. Jason was misdiagnosed numerous times and was unfortunately given steroids which he believes aggravated the condition.

    5. Kari was initially diagnosed with rosacea and later found out it was eczema.

    6. maxigee2002 said after six months of being treated for rosacea a doctor discovered she was misdiagnosed and actually had Pityrosporum Folliculitis

    7. gdybe was misdiagnosed with Crohn's disease and after six months of steroids developed rosacea.

    8. Ladonna was misdiagnosed with rosacea and it turned out to be Graves Disease. 

    9. Susan reports that she developed "a rash above my eye (below the eyebrow - a little on the lid itself). First he said it was "orbital dermatitis" and gave me topical cortisone and anti-biotics. Not sure it helped much, it seemed to go away on its own schedule, although the steroid may have lessened the itchiness. I went back and he prescribed Metrogel and more cortisone cream. He told me it was a form of rosacea."

    10. Tom says that 6 years before he was diagnosed with rosacea and treated and now says "This doctor does not think I have rosacea, instead 
    he thinks I have erythema." Tom says he thinks he might have KP. 

    11. DC says his physician misdiagnosed his dermatitis as rosacea. 

    12. NorthNova says he was misdiagnosed by dermatologists before he found out he had rosacea. 

    13. flareface reports that a dermatologist diagnosed her condition as "physiological flushing" and later she says a PA "misdiagnosed pretty much everything, gave me 3 different steroidal creams and sent me on my way." Later another derm diagnosed "contact allergy" on her eyes and prescribed a mild dose of cortisone cream for a couple days and it all cleared up. 

    14. redKen (see post #2) says his dermatologist misdiagnosed his rosacea for dermatitis. 

    15. nk104 says two dermatologists diagnosed rosacea. A third physician said it was not rosacea but neurodermitis. 

    16. Jonesy says his GP said he didn't have rosacea and later went to another physician who diagnosed urticaria. 

    17. RedFacedRedHead says her rosacea turned out to be KP.

    18. cliopatra25 says that for ten years she was misdiagnosed with acne when all the time she had rosacea. 

    19. vicky says "both my sisters was misdiagnosised collectively 10 times... and they have lupus...similar to my brother, he even had 2 positive ANA tests and thedoctor refused to treat him for lupus...... 

    20. Deb says, "I mentioned in another post that for years I was given things that were making the Rosacea worse, like retin-A and cortisone cream. I had mild rosacea then, so was misdiagnosed. For a while they thought it was Lupus since I also maintain a low-positive ANA. Their and my mistakes only made it worse, especially in the past few years." 

    21. Lisa M says, "I suffered from cystitis for years... and had to go on daily antibiotics for it for about 2 years. I also did saw a homeopath at
    the time and changed my lifestyle to no alcohol at all. I didn't know
    it at the time but I had rosacea (sadly totally misdiagnosed by
    several derms). 

    22. Mike says, "I also developed ocular rosacea a couple of years ago, after having facial rosacea for quite a few years. My first opthamologist misdiagnosed it, and treated me for months with steroids (mainly Tobradex) which ended up raising my IOP to a dangerous level. 

    23. Aurelia reports that "A teenage girl was given an "almost certain" diagnosis of ocular rosacea....The symptoms suffered by this girl did NOT match those of ocular rosacea and specialists later came up with a diagnosis of autoimmune Urticarial Vasculitis.

    24. Kerry reports that "I have found out today that I was yet again misdiagnosed and I don't have rosacea I have Lupus." 

    25. Sarah Smart says, "I am 12 weeks pregnant and my rosecea fulmins was horribly misdiagnosed by my derm (as shingles if you can imagine) and I spent 5 days in the hospital before they figured it out."Report.

    26. Kerry says, "I was misdiagnosed for 4 yrs by my gp as I have pretty severepsorisis on 60% of my body and scalp. They gave me a really strong steroid which has made my skin worse on my face.although it kept it under control. I found out 3 weeks ago i have rossacea and they
    stopped my steroids so my face has had a major eruption." 

    27. Ellen says, "my rosacea related blepharitis was misdiagnosed as seb derm." 

    28. sand7676 says, "I was misdiagnosed with acne I believe because of my skin tone. 

    29. Francois says that three derms diagnosed he had 'vascular dilation' and the last one said he had " 'Sebore' in Turkish. I looked at internet and I think it means 'Seborrhe'." 

    30. Kevin Forest says, "I've recently been diagnosed with rosacea after being misdiagnosed for ~2.5 years (errrrrr! derm aggerssion)."

    31. Joe says, "I've been misdiagnosed by numerous dermatologists who
    were in disbelieft that I would have rosacea at such a young age and
    assumed it was merely acne."

    32. Suzi LeBaron says, "I was misdiagnosed because it looked like
    rosacea -- including occular symptoms."

    33. Mike Lester says, "they called it seborrheic dermatitis, maybe rosacea. to be honest no one knew. many blood tests for lupus or something....Ive been going to doctors and doctors for my facial redness that ive had for over a year now. Well, they seem to have diagnosed me with ROSACEA!!!....I was checked for everything, lupus's, mastocytosis, carcinoids, tumors on the kidneys, brain tumors, and much, much more, some things some doctors have never even heard of. but it turns out i was misdiagnosed by the Mayo Clinic from the start, so we didnt need to go through months and months of stress, depression(which by the way i go to a psychologist now and am on PROZAC too).

    34. Stuart Clark says, "I too waited months for an appointment (on two separate occasions) and she completely misdiagnosed me." 

    35. Carol Voigt says, "I, too, was "misdiagnosed" for many years."

    36. Jeff says, "I got misdiagnosed by my previous dermatologist...So he gave me a steroid to apply twice a day, which of course, did not help. And by the time I had diagnosable rosacea..." 

    37. Eddie O'Neill says, "She said that I did NOT have bacterial conjunctivitis and had been misdiagnosed..."

    38. Chantal says, "in my early 20's (around 22-23), and was misdiagnosed for years (about 5) until the correct diagnosis of rosacea was made."

    39. Heather says, "My facial rosacea was misdiagnosed for MANY years (mainly an acne component with some redness)..."

    40. Jay Valof says, "2yrs ago i had septoplasty (deviated septum) nose surgery. soon after developed symptoms, was misdiagnosed as having asthma/allergy. 2 months ago derm. said in had rosacea..."

    41. jesseleigh says, " I just found out about a week ago I have rosacea, have been misdiagnosed with atopic dermatitis for ten years." 

    42. yoli says, "I was misdiagnosed for 2 years they thought I had dermatitis but in reality i don't itch but burn.... it took me 6 dermatologist in order to get diagnosed with Rosacea." 

    43. beecham says, "I was diagnosed in December 2007 with pustular rosacea by my new doctor, I was on oxytetracycline for about a year before with my previous doctor who had misdiagnosed me with perioral 
    dermatitis.... "

    44. LoriB says, "When I saw my general doctor while waiting for an appointment with a derm he misdiagnosed me as having acne vulgaris. He told me I don't have rosacea because my cheeks aren't red." 

    45. jodieginger says, "I was repeatedly misdiagnosed as having dermatitis and none of the derms seemed to care that I simultaneously had blepharitis simultaneously. "

    46. mineren says, "I have adult acne in addition to rosacea and
    was misdiagnosed a couple of times. "

    47. mythjedi says, "She stated that I had "contact dermatitis" and gave me doxycycline....but it wasn't long before transient, big, patchy red blotches began to form on my face and chest....I discovered that I was allergic to these pills, and I stopped taking them.... I have been
    off of the pills for six months...I went to a dermatologist and was diagnosed with rosacea..."

    48. Yvonne says, "My SD was misdiagnosed as rosacea." 

    49. Cassie Henderson says, "I was misdiagnosed by a blind derm and used hydrocotizone for three months. My rosacea went from a splotty red blotch on one cheek to an all over the face red hue very bumpy dry and ruddy looking. I then went to a derm who wasn't legally blind and started using metrogel and minocycline which helped for awhile."

    50. Keith on 07.15.09 at 12:43 pm says, "...I went to a highly accomplished and respected doctor in my area who diagnosed it as Rosacea so I guess thats what it is. Other Derms have said sundamage, Folliculitis, so it is still uncertain to me..." Scroll down to Comment # 91

    51. Lori said her acne was diagnosed as rosacea which later turned out to be also seborrhoeic dermatitis after she had taken Oracea for over a month. She was switched to Doxycycline at a higher dose and Finacea. See Comments #68, #84, #89, #93, #107, #114, #117, #123.

    52. raly says, ..."I've been "diagnosed" at different times as it being rosacea, folliculitis, sebderm or possibly just acne from both GPs and a dermatologist..." Scroll down to Post #9

    53. dan pacifik says, ".... After a second trip to the doctors, my doctor seemed to think it was rosacea so she prescribed me metro cream 0.75%....…I think! I pretty much used this for about 8 months....I went back to my doctor about this and she said it looked more like acne on my forehead....I am however skeptical over my doctors and derms diagnosis..." 

    54. kfoltz9 says, "I am a 25 year old female with what appears to be perioral dermatisis around my mouth. My family history only consists of Psoryasis and I have not had a personal experience with this. I am currently on Effexor XR. I use Aveda sensitive skin facial cleanser which does not contain any Petrolatum. I have not introduced any new cosmetic products into my regimen. The dermatologist I went to yesterday about this month-old rash (I have had one previous occurence, only less intense) did not even inspect the rash, asked me if I blushed easily or often (I do not, and told him that) and diagnosed Rosacea in about 3 seconds. 

    55. siliconmessiah says, "...I first went to the doctor on a "drop-in"-visit. One of them (a really shitty doctor actually) prescribed cortisone cream for my problems - I took it for a couple of weeks with no signs of getting better. I returned to a new doctor, a really good one I might add...she diagnosed me in one minute under the light of a lamp..." Scroll down to post #2

    56. brighteyes says, "It took me approximately 3 years (and 6 derms) to get an official diagnosis...." Scroll down to post #3

    57. Mistica says, "...So in my case, rosacea wasn't recognised immediately and even 10 and a half years on from the orginal diagnosis, the 'diagnosis' is continuing in some ways. It looks like rosacea ( no missing that!!) and it behaves like rosacea, ... but is it just Rosacea?..." Scroll down to post #8

    58. IJDVL reports, "Subsequently, the initial diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis was revised by the ophthalmologists to ocular rosacea." *

    59. A 32-year-old woman had developed moderate swelling, erythema and papules of the central part of her face for 8 weeks. She started to apply various topical cosmetic products sold for acne that did not help. As one of her hobbies was outdoor biking she noticed that sun exposure aggravated her skin condition, also resulting in burning and stinging sensations. She consulted her general practitioner who prescribed prednicarbat cream for topical application on the affected regions. Whereas she observed a slight improvement of the skin condition during the first week, she later on suddenly developed a severe worsening with erythema, papules and many pustules. She presented to a dermatologist and was diagnosed with "steroid rosacea". She went off the steroid, started topical treatment with metronidazole 1% and oral treatment with metronidazole 500 mg twice daily for 2 weeks. After an initial worsening during the first 3 days the skin condition rapidly improved. She continued metronidazole 500 mg once daily for another 2 weeks and then stopped. The topical treatment was continued twice daily for altogether 4 weeks and then reduced to once daily for another 4 weeks. Besides, she applied sun screen whenever she was outside. She continued intermittent topical use of metronidazole 1%. She remained free of symptoms except of an intermittent slight centrofacial erythema. See case report #1 

    60. A 39-year-old woman was referred to a dermatology department because of worsening of her known rosacea. She had been suffering from rosacea for 3 years. After initial, short-term and intermittent oral therapy with tetracycline for periods of up to 3 weeks she had continued topical treatment with tretinoin without any problems for the last months. Suddenly, she developed an erythema of the face accompanied by strong burning that increased in the evening, decreased over night and was moderate at day time. She discontinued topical tretinoin therapy because she felt that the symptoms were caused by it. She presented to a dermatologist with a sharp erythema of the whole face with only solitary papules and pustules. Due to the patient's history and the clinical finding contact allergy was suspected. Patch testing revealed a sensitisation to cocamidopropyl betaine, a surfactant that is frequently added to shampoos and skin cleansing products. This substance could be identified in her skin cleanser. When she discontinued this product, the symptoms disappeared and the patient could continue her topical treatment.
    We recommend to precisely ask patients about all the topical drugs and cosmetics they use including skin cleansing products. Contact allergy can also occur in rosacea patients and may mislead patients and physicians. See Case Report #3

    61. A 56-year-old diabetic man presented erythematous papules and pustules on the neck and face who had developed since 3 months. He had been treated with topical corticosteroids for the same time period that resulted in progressive exacerbation. He additionally showed patches of hair loss in the beard area, erythema and scaling of the ears. Among various differential diagnoses the clinical picture reminded of stage II rosacea. Microscopial examination and culturing revealed Microsporum canis. He was diagnosed tinea incognito, a term that has been used to describe dermatophyte infections modified by corticosteroid treatment.
    This case report demonstrates that there is a number of other skin diseases that can mimic rosacea. (see Case Report #7)
    Gorani A, Schiera A, Oriani A: Case Report. Rosacea-like Tinea incognito. Mycoses 2002; 45: 135-137. 

    62. A Case of Precursor B-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Misdiagnosed as Rosacea
    Han EC, Kim DY, Chung JY, Chung HJ, Chung KY.
    Korean J Dermatol. 2008 Feb;46(2):264-267

    63. Pete says, "...Had previously been misdiagnosed by my G.P. Had been treated with steroid creams for eczema...."

    64. shakti says, "...I had a horrible rash on my face which the Dr. (dermatologist) even took pictures of, but he said it was rosacea....Then a neurologist said I could have some sort of mild m.S..... I've recently had a "rosacea flare" swelling and redness around my eyes and upper cheeks, the tiredness has returned and so has pain in my bladder and gi tract...."

    65. belinda says, "After being misdiagnosed for 7 years, I had almost given up hope." published April 8, 2008

    66. mmee says, "...just wanted to say after many years of suffering with depression and social anxity because of a red face and not being able to get any information out of 3 dermatologists and about 5 GPs (they just said it was 'normal') . I've found out from a link on this website it must be Keratosis pilaris rubra faceii..." 

    67. Gem says, "A couple of months ago I developed a rash on my forehead and weas gicven a steroid cream for it that seemed to keep it under controlfor a while, then around 3 weeks ago it spread and looked angry, I went to the doctor who said it was acne the cream I was given just aggravated it, so I went back and was given another cream by a different doctor who still thought it was acne... this again aggravated it, so I started looking on the net for other ideas or medications that could help. I tried coconut oil and aloe vera topical and ingested, another trip to the GP I was given Tetracycline oral antibiotic but it was something like a 3 month course, ....I went to my doctor again today as my self treatment wasn't doing any good and I was told it looks like rosacea I've been given metronidazole gel and I've started the Tetracycline oral antibiotics again...." 

    68. ssaeed says, "...He diagnosed me initially with Seb Derm and prescribed Desonide cream for 3 weeks. I noticed my skin got a lot better and softer during this treatment although towards the end of the treatment I started getting small pus filled acne bumps on my nose and cheek, about the size of a pore. When I saw the doc after the 3 week Desonide treatment he told me I may have symptoms of Rosacea and started me off on a treatment of Metrogel once a day and Oracea once a day in the morning." 

    69. Ladonna says, "...my husband took me to the dermatologist and she said it was Rosacea and couldnt be anything but....So he took me to many doctors, and finally a wonderful doctor took a shot in the dark blood test and discovered my problem. Later more involved tests and scans confirmed it. I was Hyperthyroid...specifically Graves Disease..."

    70. DylanG says, "... I finally got an appointment with a dermatologist for my rosacea. After waiting about half a year, I go to the appointment. The dermatologist walks in, doesn't even look at my face and says "There's nothing I can do about redness. Some people just have red skin". Then, to top it off, he gave me cream for acne - something which I could care less about - that has the side effect of making your face red. I was out of his office in practically two minutes with about twenty tiny tubes of acne medication I had no need for. ..." Scroll to Post #22

    71. Donna says, "I got results back from labs and xray..i do NOT have sarcoidosis…but still not sure what i have …i have granulomas popping out on parts of my body and my face is still not clear. I am going to a conference of doctors on the 16th to get their opinions. I was originally diagnosed with Granulomateous rosacea so lets see what opinions i get." Post #146

    72. liangjuany says, "I saw another doctor today and was told what I had was not rosacea but pityriasis rosea instead." 

    73. huiness says, "another derms who told me I had acne, or folliculitis etc. When I finally decided to go back to Derm #2, he then diagnosed me with rosacea.....went to Derm #14809348. He agreed with the rosacea diagnosis but said that this was probably steroid induced...."

    74. mrsmoof says, "1st dermatologist thought I had dermititis.....Well, I went to a 2nd dermatologist and told her my story, symptoms.....within minutes she said it was Rosacea...." Scroll to Post #43 

    75. "My wife was diagosed by a local Dermatologist as having Rocacea. He only did a visual inspection without any actual skin testing. He was sure it was Rocacea and prescribed an expensive cream which she would have to use for who knows how many years. Luckily she had a severe reaction to the cream, and discontinued it. She visitited her home country of Russia and was treated by a specialist. He told her she didn’t have Rocacea but had Demodex. She had one treatment by the doctor and her face is still clear after 6 months. Always get a second opinion." J Noble on 01.12.10 at 7:11 am Post #215 

    76. spuggylegs says, "I think it took about 10 mins for a NHS dermatologist to tell me that I didnt have rosacea. She looked at my skin said there was no visible erythema or papules and pustules to suggest rosacea, and that I needed to stop "reading stuff on the internet". I had to actually ask for a blood test to rule out lupus etc!!!!! I asked my GP if he could send me for a second opinion but he refused. The problem is that there is a lot of inequality in the NHS...and as someone who lives in a deprived area, healthcare is usually not as good as those who live in more affluent areas. (but thats another story). Well I still carried on "reading stuff on the internet" : ) and decided the only way forward was to go private..even though i couldnt really afford it. So travelled from the north east to London, and got so stressed, as we got lost a few times, and London is not the friendliest of places. By the time I had got to see the derm I was having a major flush....so after reading my medical notes, asking about family members who may have rosacea,, symptons, and looking at my skin, he diagnosed rosacea. From what i can remember the consultation lasted about 30 mins." Scroll to Post #50

    77. Rachelle C says, "My doctor diagnosed me with rosacea, delusional paristosis. The medications for these did no good. Then another dermatolgist with an allergist diagnosed me with demodex (skin mite) allergy." Scroll to Post no. 77 on 05.04.10 at 1:00 AM

    78. Girrlock Holmes says, "…I was finally diagnosed hypothyroid, insulin resistant and PCOS, and my doctor also thinks my symptoms fit with fibromyalgia…I saw a dermatologist who said it was not Rosacea but offered no info on what it could be. Then I saw an allergist and he said the derm had no basis for saying it was not Rosacea; it looked like it to him. So you see I have no clear diagnosis. I am waiting for a different derm to see me but it will not be for another 2 months…"

    79. "Terri Flynn, a 63-year-old part-time receptionist from Texas....Two different evaluators told her she had "dry eye" and prescribed artificial tears and various eye medications, while one also suggested she have her bottom eyelids lifted to help retain the moisture in her eyes....She made an appointment with a dermatologist, who "took one look at me and said, 'Yes, it's rosacea." NRS Rosacea Review Spring 2010

    80. GNR reports, "...I was told I had Perioral dermatitis because there was an outbreak near my nose....Began to notice a swelling under my right eye and a red path beneath extending up the temple. It became hot and sensitive and flares when I workout with weights. Told "hmm don't know what that is, it's not rosacea (my fear was that it was) but try rozex cream to see if it goes." It didn't. Didn't change. Had a second opinion. Same as the first. "Don't know, looks like it might be fungul. Leave it until you see a dermatologist." Began to a sore eye, a few pains and watering. Went back to the second opinion to ge this checked was given a scrip for kenocomb ointment for fungus....out of desparation I went to another gp explained the whole story again. He checked the skin, told me it wasn't rosacea that it looked like a fungus infection try Nizoral 2%. Hmmm. Later that day I had an appointment with a new dermatologist who told me that I actually had seborrhec dermatitis...this sounded right as all the systems relate, rash on chest, dry skin in eyebrows, dandruff...funny I'd never connected these things and either had anyone else.
    He then checked the rash thing on the right side of my face and temple and told me it was rosacea. I asked about the pain in the eye, watery, and he said not connected. Gave me a print of what to expect with rosacea and out the door I went..."

    81. comicraven reports, "I had been misdiagnosed for a while - everything from shingles to testing for lupus - and was finally properly diagnosed about 6 months ago..."

    82. koki says, "OK according to dermatologist # 4 , again I dont have rosacea, I explained my symptoms and he said it sounds more like an allergic reaction and when he examined my face he said it was more like eczema/seborrheic dermatitis and gave me some diflucan. ....I am glad most derms say is not rosacea..."

    83. stb09 says, "In May 2004, I developed a pimple on my nose that left a red mark on it for, what must've been a solid YEAR after it cleared up. I was thorougly convinced this was a scar, and went to several dermatologists to find proper treatment. Such begins my ongoing battle (and subsequent HATRED) for all dermatologists.

    The first one I saw told me that it was a mole....
    I sought a second opinion. This one told me it was a scar, and could only be removed by a plasic surgeon. He took my $100, and gave me the number of a plastic surgeon.

    The plastic surgeon (who was once a dermatologist) was convinced it was a pimple still, and simply lanced it and dug around in it, ultimately making it worse....

    The fourth and final dermatologist perscribed me a prescription in January of 2005 for my back acne/oily skin. He agreed with ME that whatever was on my nose was inflammed and most likely a sebacous cyst. He injected it with cortisone, and that made a tremendous difference, and today there's not a mark to be found. This is the same dermatologist that dismissed my concerns of facial redness and never spoke a word about Rosacea in spite of my ruddy complexion that I was, at the time, unaware of....I was at a new branch of my college and went to the local dermatologist to seek treatment. He told me it was probably a scar and gave me the number of a laser surgeon FOUR hours away that "might" be able to help me.

    THIS is the first time a doctor has mentioned the word "Rosacea" to me. He explained that I had a ruddy complexion, and thus, the red spot on my nose was more noticable. He went on to state that people with my complexion "could be candidates for Roscea later in life." and encouraged me to stay out of the sun......I finally decided to see a dermatologist to rule Rosacea in or out so I could get on with my life one way or the other. I went back to the local dermatologist, who had told me that someone with my complexion might be a candidate for Rosacea later in life, and was told absolutely nothing new.

    He once again told me that, maybe I'd have it one day, and maybe not. I asked him if I should try avoiding "triggers" and he said that I shouldn't bother. Because it probably wouldn't help. I asked if there was any treatment, because I've since learned Rosacea is best treated early on. He said that any creams he could give me would most likely not do anything at all for me, and would be a waste of my money. The entire visit was quite ambiguous.

    I asked him what "Pre-rosacea" was, and what the difference was between that, and a normal ruddy complexion. He told me that, in his opinion, there wasn't one. As he considers anyone with a ruddy complexion at risk for developing Rosacea, and THAT he considers to be "pre-Rosacea."

    Before I left, I asked him for a definitive answer one way or the other, and he told me NO, I do not have Rosacea.....To the point of the original thread, I'd like to determine what it is I have. The doctor seems sure it's not Rosacea, but as evidenced by my ongoing battle with Dermatologists prior, I believe if I went to 10 Dermatologists I would receive 10 different opinions. Rosacea, ruddy complexion, acne, allergic rash, facial blushing, too much Niacin, high blood pressure, lupus...

    these people don't know anything, and with no insurance I'm not going to waste $100 a visit to find out precisely nothing.

    84. Ontarian says, "I was diagnosed with seborrheic dermatitis on my face about 5 years ago. The diagnosis was made by a dermatologist. Soon after, the dermatitis completely disappeared for a loooong time. Then, I suddenly got a red patch on my right cheek five years later, more precisely in February of 2006. It has slowly spread to my entire right cheek. It got worse in the summer. This whole time I thought I had seb. dermatitis. My family dr. said my face was dermatitic and prescribed hydrocortisone. It didn’t help. In August of 2006 I went to my dermatologist. This time, he said I had rosacea. I was shocked. I was not flushing like crazy (except maybe when I played soccer in +35 C degrees outside). My symptoms started as a small red patch on my right cheek, this could not be rosacea. I went to see another dermatologist (an old dude who thinks rosacea is a proper diagnosis only when your face is swollen like a balloon and when you are covered with pustules).
    So, now I have two doctors thinking I don’t have rosacea, and one doctor thinking I do." Posted: Tue Oct 17, 2006 1:34 pm (scroll down to find the post)

    85. Jen says, "Since I have stopped the med I was diagnosed with Perioral Dermititis and now as of yesteday the derm tells me I have acne.....The derm said I have almost all the face disorders (rosacea, acne, perioral dermititis, seb derm)....

    86. jhelli1 says, "I've been to four different doctors in the past and have gotten four different diagnosis. The last one was rosacea. Yesterday, I went to a fifth doctor and was told that I have..........eczema!

    87. fedup says, "....I went to this dermatologist maybe 2-3 times a year over about a 4 year period, every appointment he seemed to have absolutely no idea what was going on, or what he had prescribed/said the last time, he took a look at my scalp, says "its folliculitus" (the way he said it, every time, was as if it was a breakthrough and he figured out some giant mystery, even though he said the same thing last time....and sent me home with a prescription for Ceftin 500mg 2x a day for 2 weeks (insanely strong antibiotic, I know now..).....Made an appointment with a new dermatologist (roughly 2 years ago), after explaining the antibiotic fiasco, he told me my old doctor probably shouldnt be practicing medicine. He took about 10 seconds to diagnose me, looked at my scalp, and simply said "you have inflammatory rosacea."

    88. mutantfrog says, "...I always grumble to myself about rosacea...but if it turns out that I never had rosacea but instead have had an autoimmune disorder...well it's scary I'd rather take rosacea. I swear to god I'll never complain about 'rosacea' again..." Post #10 22nd July 2010, 07:40 PM

    89. quixotic_pessimist says, "Anyway, I had been seeing a dermatologist during this time period for acne that I have had for about 3 years, and he never mentioned anything about the red complexion of my nose. One time I voiced my concerns, and he pretty much dismissed them, saying that he didn't think my nose looked red. During my last meeting with him, I was a bit more belligerent (in that I brought up the grievances that I have with my red nose a few times). He then nonchalantly throws out that it is possible that I have Rosacea. How is it that I had been visiting this doctor for 3 years with the same red nose, but it is not until now that he suggests that I might have Rosacea? I don't get it."

    90. CHI_GUY says, "...First doc said, sebborhea/eczema. He gave me many different things, to list a few....Second doc, new one, diagnosed perioral derm. She gave me tetracycline. 500mg x2/day for the first month. She exclaimed that the previous doctor was treating the wrong thing, because I brought all my old meds in to show her...."

    91. Natasha says, "I have just been diagnosed with Rosacea....a week ago the doctor wrongly diagnosed excema..."

    92. hesperidianblue says, " I was going to 7 dermatologist till 2 of them agreed that is rosacea other wasn`t shore what is it often they thought it was atopic dermatitis."

    93. misdiagnosed says, "During this whole ordeal, I have seen a dermatologist (in OH) 2x. THe first time she tried to convince me it was “in my head” and reluctantly prescribed an antibiotic for adult acne. 8 weeks later, she seemed a little more open to the fact that it could be demodex and prescribed metrogel. Last week, I asked for metronidozale in a pill format because the lotion only does so much. She agreed to call it in. It is helping, but I have good and bad days, depending on the “hatching” cycle." #385 misdiagnosed on 10.08.10 at 12:45 AM

    94. Maureen says, "I have had this now for about I would say 2 years when I was told I had rosacea and lupus. Now a new dermatologist tells me no it's dermographism,..."

    95. francois can says, "I just cant believe. Today I went to see a derm. She looked at my face closely with a tool like a magnifier and said I misdiagnosed myself. She said rosacea has 4 components and someone has to have at least 3 of them to be diagnosed rosacea.....She said I have a
    condition associated with neurovascular dilaiton..."

    96. LarsMM says, "...First I went to a regular doctor and even though he ran a few tests he couldn't tell me wheat the problem was. He told me I shouldn't worry since the redness was at that time "barley noticeable". At the end of the third summer (2010) I went to another doctor and got the same response. After this visit I got somewhat frustrated since I was well aware that I had not been this red a few years earlier, as a result I started reading online and came across rosacea. I got an appointment with a dermatologist and she confirmed that I had stage one rosacea...."

    97. 444 says, "...my doctor has failed on many occasions to diagnose me properly probably due to my young age at the time and has disregarded any possiblilty of rosacea since the beggining....'

    98. claire says, "...I am 34 years old and I was wrongly diagnosed 7 years ago. I have gradually seen since then my skin get progressively worse, it is now in its advanced stages. ..." #41 claire on 05.16.09 at 8:16 PM

    99. Rachelle C says, "My doctor diagnosed me with rosacea, delusional paristosis. The medications for these did no good. Then another dermatolgist with an allergist diagnosed me with demodex (skin mite) allergy. Since I have very many allergies, this was a good bet. I treat itchy and red areas with tea tree oil and have managed to reielve my problem almost completely. The dermatologist also thinks a monthly treament with Kwellada-P would help further." #76 Rachelle C. on 05.04.10 at 1:00 AM

    100. findingaway says, "So I am no further forward...I still don't really know what it is I'm dealing with... Rosacea, SD, KP. All?" 

    101. Just an update and to show the importance of knowing what you have, I saw a Rosacea specialist with 20 years of treating and research under his belt, and made the appointment saying "Trying to treat Rosacea" as the reason. The second I came in he was confused and wondered where the Rosacea patient was. He looked at me and told me I absolutely do not have Rosacea, he's seen thousands of cases over decades and it's simply not it. And it's not caused by being choked, ever. It was thinned skin due to Steroid Creams, and thankfully, he caught that because the General Practitioner who 'diagnosed' me with Rosacea prescribed steroid cream. The most alarming was that the general practitioner gave me Metrogel which I understand is meant to help Pimples, and I have absolutely zero of those. AlenaCena post no 68

    102. I've been to dermatologists in three different countries starting when I was 16, and I'm now 41. When I first started going to them, they didn't know a lot about eczema and dermatitis and the treatment course was antibiotics and cortozone creams. (Not much has changed) Even then I knew foods and hormones were triggers or the cause of the skin eruptions. I've had dermatologists tell me it's not rosacea and dermatologists tell me it is. One things for certain out of the more than 30 dermatologists I've seen in my life time, no two have had the same things to say. However last time I was at one, she did look up patronizing and say, yes we now know hormones can affect eczema...as if her telling me that made a whit of difference to what I have already known. In the UK, where they have now said it is rosacea, I have had no other tests. The dermatologists I've seen refuse to accept other countries diagnosis of food allergies. They refuse to take into consideration what I'm saying, about my upper eye lid cracking (it's been cracking there my whole life, so much so I've a deep scar) and the bubbling around my eyes, and over my brows. In the end, I think a they've learnt mo about the what some skin problems are, they seem to have bunched the rest as rosacea. Which appears to me to be a blanket term, covering a huge amount of things. Melania post no 66

    103. I had a misdiagnosed case of demodex for many years. It was misdiagnosed as bacterial acne/hormonal acne and "allergic conjunctivitis". None of the treatment my 4 dermatologists prescribed ever worked. It turned into a really bad case of ocular rosacea. Early this year, I took the 2 week Oral Ivermectin + Oral Metronidazole treatment. It worked. ElaineA post no 2 

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    • Arch Dermatol Res. 2021 Sep 14. doi: 10.1007/s00403-021-02277-0. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injections have become the most popular noninvasive cosmetic procedures performed worldwide. With growing interest, investigators continue to uncover an expanding array of aesthetic indications for BTX-A. Botulinum toxin A has been used off-label in the management of masseter hypertrophy for facial slimming, platysmal bands, nasal 'bunny' lines, perioral rhytides, gummy smile and scars, to name a few. Interestingly, the injection of multiple microdroplets of dilute BTX-A into the dermis, sometimes referred to as 'microbotox', has been investigated as a tool for facial rejuvenation. A handful of prospective studies and case series have demonstrated the benefit of BTX-A in the treatment of facial erythema and improving skin texture. The aim of this review is to summarize and appraise currently available data on the role of BTX-A in treating facial erythema and skin quality, with a special focus on potential pathophysiologic mechanisms. PMID:34519860 | DOI:10.1007/s00403-021-02277-0 {url} = URL to article
    • Dermatology. 2021 Sep 7:1-6. doi: 10.1159/000518220. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The prevalence and impact of pruritus, pain, and other sensory symptoms in skin diseases are poorly known. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of these symptoms with dermatoses and their association with depression using data from the "Objectifs Peau" survey. METHODS: A representative sample of 20,012 French individuals was created using the usual quota method. RESULTS: When patients suffered from both pruritus and skin pain, they had a higher relative risk of psychological suffering (2.9) than those who suffered only from pruritus (1.4) or skin pain (1.2). Pruritus was reported in 48.55% of patients with acne, 43.24% with mycoses, 44.35% with warts, and 36.51% with rosacea. For skin pain, the results were 11.22%, 27.59%, and 16.13% for atopic dermatitis, acne, and warts, respectively. Other unpleasant sensations, such as tingling or burning, were also frequently reported. CONCLUSION: Pruritus, pain, or other sensory symptoms were found to be common not only in classic pruritic skin diseases but also in acne, rosacea, or warts. The association of pruritus and pain dramatically increased psychological suffering. These symptoms must be systematically searched for in patients, especially since new therapeutic possibilities are emerging for the symptomatic treatment of pruritus. PMID:34515100 | DOI:10.1159/000518220 {url} = URL to article
    • Arch Dermatol Res. 2021 Sep 12. doi: 10.1007/s00403-021-02279-y. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is associated with multiple systemic comorbidities, with the strongest evidence linking rosacea to hypertension, dyslipidemia, inflammatory bowel disease, and anxiety and depression. To assess dermatologists' awareness of and screening practices for rosacea comorbidities, we developed a survey that was distributed to attendings and residents across four academic dermatology departments in Massachusetts. A total of 73 dermatologists with varying experience participated in the study. Findings demonstrated significant knowledge and practice gaps among academic dermatologists in managing systemic comorbidities in rosacea. In addition, dermatologists' awareness of rosacea comorbidities was negatively correlated with number of years out of residency training, highlighting the need to address this knowledge gap through increased continuing medical education. Importantly, we observed a low screening frequency despite a high awareness of the association between rosacea and ocular comorbidities, suggesting that additional financial, institutional, or practice barriers likely contribute to the low screening rate. PMID:34510277 | DOI:10.1007/s00403-021-02279-y {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Sep 12. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14454. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34510704 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14454 {url} = URL to article
    • Vestn Otorinolaringol. 2021;86(4):95-98. doi: 10.17116/otorino20218604195. ABSTRACT One of the frequent causes of a significant increase in the external nose, forming a persistent deformity of the face, as well as leading to a non-standard clinical picture is rhinophyma disease. The article considers some historical data, epidemiology, peculiarities of pathogenesis, as well as the basics of surgical treatment tactics along with possible preventive measures against rhinophyma. At present, the treatment of this pathology presents great difficulties. Despite the many surgical methods, rhinophyma is poorly treatable, often relapses and leaves no less noticeable disfigurement of the face in the postoperative period. In this regard, there is a constant search for new surgical methods, which has not only medical but also important social significance. PMID:34499455 | DOI:10.17116/otorino20218604195 {url} = URL to article MORE INFORMATION ON PHENOTYPE 5
    • Australas J Dermatol. 2021 Sep 7. doi: 10.1111/ajd.13711. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34490894 | DOI:10.1111/ajd.13711 {url} = URL to article
    • Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2021 Sep 4. doi: 10.1007/s13555-021-00605-w. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: At present, some studies have reported that nasal rosacea may be an independent disease, but phenotypic characteristics and risk factors for nasal rosacea remain unknown. This study aimed to clarify the clinical features and explore the risk factors for nasal rosacea. METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective study was conducted, including 1615 rosacea patients and 1501 healthy individuals. The patients were divided into three groups based on the involved areas of the lesions (non-nasal, intermediate and nasal rosacea group). Their demographic data and clinical features were obtained from patients' medical records, and risk factors of nasal rosacea were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 927 (57.4%), 647 (40.1%) and 41 (2.5%) cases in the non-nasal, intermediate and nasal rosacea groups, respectively. Of 41 patients with nasal rosacea, all (100.0%) had fixed erythema and 17 cases (41.5%) had phymatous changes. Compared with control group, male gender (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.14, 4.99), obesity (aOR = 3.19, 95% CI 1.86, 11.79) and alcohol use (aOR = 1.58, 95% CI 1.22, 5.40) were risk factors for nasal rosacea, but these three factors were not risk factors for non-nasal rosacea and intermediate rosacea groups. Among patients with nasal lesions (compared with patients without nasal phymatous changes), family history of rosacea was a risk factor (aOR = 2.12, 95% CI 1.01, 4.46) for nasal phymatous changes and Fitzpatrick IV skin type was a protective factor (aOR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.28, 0.86). CONCLUSION: Nasal rosacea has relatively specific clinical features and independent risk factors, suggesting that it may be a special type of rosacea. PMID:34480736 | DOI:10.1007/s13555-021-00605-w {url} = URL to article
    • Ocul Surf. 2021 Sep 1:S1542-0124(21)00099-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jtos.2021.08.017. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a common chronic skin disease affecting mostly people aged 40 and above, with currently no cure. When it affects the eyelids and periocular skin, it leads to dry eye and potentially corneal damage. Research performed over the last decade shed light into the potential mechanisms leading to skin hypersensitivity and provided promising avenues for development of novel, rational therapeutics aimed at reducing the skin inflammatory state. In this review, we discuss the current knowledge on the mechanisms of rosacea in general and of periocular skin-affecting disease in particular, identify key questions that remain to be answered in future research, and offer a disease model that can explain the key characteristics of this disease, with particular emphasis on a potential positive feedback loop that could explain both the acute and chronic features of rosacea. PMID:34481075 | DOI:10.1016/j.jtos.2021.08.017 {url} = URL to article
    • Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2021 Sep 2. doi: 10.1007/s13555-021-00597-7. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by centrofacial erythema, papules, pustules, and telangiectasias. The onset of rosacea typically occurs after 30 years of age. It is estimated that approximately 2-5% of adults worldwide are affected. While the exact etiology of rosacea remains unknown, its pathogenesis is thought to be multifactorial with both environmental and genetic factors implicated. Ultraviolet radiation, heat, steam, ingested agents, including spicy foods and alcohol, host vasculature, dermal matrix degeneration, genetic susceptibility, and microbial organisms, including Demodex mites and Heliobacter pylori, have been implicated in the development of rosacea. Recently, mast cells (MCs) have emerged as key players in the pathogenesis of rosacea through the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, proteases, and antimicrobial peptides leading to cutaneous vasodilation, angiogenesis, and tissue fibrosis. Several existing and emerging topical, oral, and injectable therapeutics have been associated with improvement of rosacea symptoms based on their ability to stabilize and downregulate activated MCs. Herein, we review the data implicating MCs in the pathogenesis of rosacea and discuss interventions that may stabilize this pathway. PMID:34476755 | DOI:10.1007/s13555-021-00597-7 {url} = URL to article
    • Just saw a new page on the NRS website designated, 'key staff' and you can see a screen shot below:  If you will note in the above paragraph, Mr Huff is stated as 'president of the Glendale Communications Group, which provides infrastructure and personnel for for the NRS program services at no cost to its members.' If this is correct, why do the past 22 years of public Form 990s (1998 thru 2019) show that over $10 million of the donations to the NRS have been spent on private contractors that are owned by Mr. Huff, including Glendale Communications Group? For example, in 2019 the NRS spent $285,871 on 'private contractors' including Glendale Communications Group which happens to be 94% of the donations given to the NRS in 2019. If this is 'no cost to its members' then why report this expense on Form 990 for 2019?  In the previous year, 2018, the NRS spent $432,408 on private contractors, one of which is Glendale Communications Group, which happens to be 93% of the total donations given to the NRS in 2018. For a complete list of these Form 990s click here.  For a breakdown of how the NRS spends its donations click here. 
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Sep 2. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14428. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: This study aims to compare the choroidal thickness (CT) of patients with rosacea with healthy individuals. METHODS: This study was conducted with 42 patients with Papulopustular Rosacea (PPR), 38 patients with Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea (ETR), and gender and age-matched 37 healthy individuals in the control group. CT measurements were done using the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: Choroidal thickness means were measured as 352 ± 78 μm, 331 ± 67 μm, and 346 ± 83 μm at the subfoveal region; 323 ± 72.3 μm, 303.5 ± 68.4 μm, and 314 ± 80.3 μm at 1000 μm nasal; and 325.2 ± 71 μm, 304.4 ± 52.2 μm, and 309 ± 67 μm at 1000 μm temporal in the PPR, ETR, and control groups, respectively (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Although rosacea is a common chronic skin disease that could have systemic findings, CT is not affected by this disease. PMID:34473882 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14428 {url} = URL to article
    • Metabol Open. 2021 Aug 13;11:100118. doi: 10.1016/j.metop.2021.100118. eCollection 2021 Sep. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is on the inexorable rise despite the promises of a wide range of conventional medications. Thus, there is a need to scientifically investigate plants for antidiabetic effect. METHODS: After the Rubus Erlanrige Engl (Rosaceae) leaf has been decocted, the plant extract's antidiabetic activity was first investigated in vitro and then in vivo. The in vitro activity was assessed using 3, 5-Dinitrosalicylic acid, and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazine method for α-amylase inhibition and antioxidant effect respectively. On the other hand, the in vivo antidiabetic activity was carried out in normoglycemic, glucose loaded (2.5 g/kg) and single dose streptozotocin (200 mg/kg) induced diabetic mice. RESULTS: Acute toxicity study showed the extract is safe with ≥2 g/kg. The in vitro results demonstrated the extract has an IC50 of 7.34 ± 0.02 and 10.38 ± 0.0.62 μg/ml for antioxidant and α-amylase inhibition activity respectively. On the other hand, the in vivo study revealed that the extract significantly reduced blood glucose level following glucose loading. The extract did not, however, produce a significant reduction of glucose level in normal mice indicating low risk of hypoglycemia. The extract also significantly decreased blood glucose levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. In the single dose study, the extract lowered blood glucose level all except by lower dose at the 3rd and 4th h (p < 0.05). In repeated dose studies, the reduction in fasting blood glucose was significant with all doses of the extract from the 2nd week onwards. In addition, the extract produced less reduction in body weight after diabetic induction. CONCLUSION: The findings collectively indicate that the extract has an antidiabetic activity, with low risk of hypoglycemia, probably mediated by various secondary metabolites that act in synergy. PMID:34466798 | PMC:PMC8384911 | DOI:10.1016/j.metop.2021.100118 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2021 Aug 30:1-2. doi: 10.1080/14764172.2021.1957114. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Lately it has been established that intra-dermal botulinum toxin is also effective in treating many dermatological conditions including refractory erythematous-telangiectatic rosacea, post - menopausal facial flushing and other similar conditions.However, the desired effect of treating the reddening in patients suffering from facial flushing can become an undesirable and embarrassing side effect when these same patients present to the clinic for esthetic concerns such as upper face rhytids. In this case, intramuscular botulinum toxin injections used for wrinkles treatment will also secondarily treat the facial reddening in their localized skin diffusion zones and result in embarrassing white patches all over the face. The patchy appearance following botulinum toxin injections for esthetic purposes could be bothersome for some patients and could be a tell-tale sign of botulinum toxin injections. PMID:34459693 | DOI:10.1080/14764172.2021.1957114 {url} = URL to article
    • World J Gastrointest Oncol. 2021 Aug 15;13(8):835-844. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v13.i8.835. ABSTRACT Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an infectious agent influencing as much as 50% of the world's population. It is the causative agent for several diseases, most especially gastric and duodenal peptic ulcer, gastric adenocarcinoma and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the stomach. A number of other, extragastric manifestations also are associated with H. pylori infection. These include neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, demyelinating multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease. There is also evidence for a relationship between H. pylori infection and such dermatological diseases as psoriasis and rosacea as well as a connection with infection and open-angle glaucoma. Generally little is known about the relationship between H. pylori infection and diseases of the pancreas. Most evidence about H. pylori and its potential role in the development of pancreatic diseases concerns pancreatic adenocarcinoma and autoimmune forms of chronic pancreatitis. There is data (albeit not fully consistent) indicating modestly increased pancreatic cancer risk in H. pylori-positive patients. The pathogenetic mechanism of this increase is not yet fully elucidated, but several theories have been proposed. Reduction of antral D-cells in H. pylori-positive patients causes a suppression of somatostatin secretion that, in turn, stimulates increased secretin secretion. That stimulates pancreatic growth and thus increases the risk of carcinogenesis. Alternatively, H. pylori, as a part of microbiome dysbiosis and the so-called oncobiome, is proven to be associated with pancreatic adenocarcinoma development via the promotion of cellular proliferation. The role of H. pylori in the inflammation characteristic of autoimmune pancreatitis seems to be explained by a mechanism of molecular mimicry among several proteins (mostly enzymes) of H. pylori and pancreatic tissue. Patients with autoimmune pancreatitis often show positivity for antibodies against H. pylori proteins. H. pylori, as a part of microbiome dysbiosis, also is viewed as a potential trigger of autoimmune inflammation of the pancreas. It is precisely these relationships (and associated equivocal conclusions) that constitute a center of attention among pancreatologists, immunologists and pathologists. In order to obtain clear and valid results, more studies on sufficiently large cohorts of patients are needed. The topic is itself sufficiently significant to draw the interest of clinicians and inspire further systematic research. Next-generation sequencing could play an important role in investigating the microbiome as a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for pancreatic cancer. PMID:34457189 | PMC:PMC8371525 | DOI:10.4251/wjgo.v13.i8.835 {url} = URL to article
    • Thanks for your insight into all this. Very few, as you have pointed out, are motivated to express any thought on this subject. The RRDi has social media accounts. Would you like to volunteer to moderate and manage one or more of them?  
    • Hi, I have just come across this forum today (via the following page: https://rosacea-support.org/book-reviews#rosaceadiet) and became quite interested in the community. In terms of what the RRDI stands for today (this being patient-led and supported): the mission sounds great and quite admirable. As someone who is in my early 30's and got properly assessed and diagnosed with rosacea just back in 2017... I find the condition does not get nearly enough attention (especially considering that there is mild research that had taken place on important topics such as the possibility of a link between rosacea and autoimmune conditions: https://www.dermatologytimes.com/view/more-evidence-rosacea-autoimmune-link). This being said, as a new member it seems there are two main things missing: lack of awareness of the organization and therefore, lack of engagement. The first issue might be solved by collaboration with other grass-roots groups in either adjacent / related conditions or another dermatological condition of high prominence (for example, atopic dermatitis has been quite popular in recent years). The vehicle for collaboration and engagement could be as simple as social media (posting of recent articles on either topic and soliciting feedback that way).  Thanks again for keeping this community alive. It is impressive to learn that RRDI has been going on since 2004 and I hope it will remain so. This condition is truly under-represented but the last thing patients need is another big group (such as the aforementioned NRS and AARS) that simply unites 'thought leaders' (in this case, physicians with clout) and the pharmaceutical manufacturers.
    • Every dermatological disease assessed had a significant increase in TME when compared to the prior year. This increase was most significant for acne vulgaris (808%), psoriasis (792%), malignant skin neoplasms (716%), atopic dermatitis (609%), rosacea (566%) and contact dermatitis (529%).  Published online 2021 Aug 19. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2021.07.109 LB767 A multicenter analysis of patients using telemedicine for dermatological conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic
    • Rosacea-like eruptions following COVID-19 vaccination More Information
    • Rosacea-like eruptions following COVID-19 vaccination More Information
    • Indian Dermatol Online J. 2021 Jul 14;12(4):500-514. doi: 10.4103/idoj.idoj_298_21. eCollection 2021 Jul-Aug. ABSTRACT Ivermectin is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug with anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anti-tumor effects. In this review, we discuss the history, pharmacology, multimodal actions, indications in dermatology and tropical medicine, therapeutic and prophylactic use of ivermectin in COVID-19, safety, adverse effects, special considerations, and drug interactions of ivermectin. PMID:34430453 | PMC:PMC8354388 | DOI:10.4103/idoj.idoj_298_21 {url} = URL to article
    • Clin Exp Dermatol. 2021 Aug 24. doi: 10.1111/ced.14910. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Particulate matter (PM) is a mixture of solid and liquid particles suspended in air which originates from industrial plants or vehicle emission. Although skin primarily contacts with air pollutants, the associations between PM and chronic inflammatory skin diseases has not been well established. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between PM and atopic dermatitis as well as other chronic inflammatory dermatoses using Korea Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service data. METHODS: Monthly disease statistics from seven largest cities (Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon, Ulsan) and Jeju Island of South Korea of 23,288,000 people were included. Based on daily air pollution level and weather forecast from 2015 to 2019, multivariate negative binomial regression analysis was conducted to estimate monthly visits of atopic dermatitis with respect to outdoor air pollutants (PM2.5 , PM10 , O3 , NO2, SO2 , CO). RESULTS: Every 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 and PM10 was significantly associated with 2.71% (95% confidence interval (CI)=0.76%-4.71%; P = 0.0063) and 2.01% (95% CI=0.92%-3.11%, P = 0.0003) increase in monthly patient visits of atopic dermatitis, respectively. Every 1 ppb increase in SO2 and 100 ppb increase in CO was significantly associated with 2.26% (95% CI=1.35%-3.17%; P < 0.0001) and 2.86% (95% CI=1.35%-4.40%; P = 0.0002) increase in patient visits of atopic dermatitis, respectively, while O3 and NO2 were not associated. On the other hand, increases in PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations were significantly associated with increases of patient visits of psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and rosacea. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest PM is associated with atopic dermatitis and chronic inflammatory skin diseases. PMID:34426985 | DOI:10.1111/ced.14910 {url} = URL to article
    • J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2021 Aug 20. doi: 10.1111/jdv.17615. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Cutaneous reactions after COVID-19 vaccines mainly consisted of delayed inflammatory reactions in the injection site, urticaria, chilblain-like lesions and pityriasis rosea-like eruptions1,2 . We describe herein two patients who developed rosacea-like eruptions following COVID-19 vaccination. PMID:34416044 | DOI:10.1111/jdv.17615 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Aug 19. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14389. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that has been reported to be associated with many systemic disorders including respiratory diseases. AIMS: This study aims to investigate respiratory function in patients with rosacea. PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients with rosacea and age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers were included in this cross-sectional study. Spirometric pulmonary function tests including the percentage of forced vital capacity (FVC%), percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1%), forced expiratory flow at 25-75% of FVC (FEF 25-75%), and FEV 1/FVC ratio was assessed in both patient and controls. The potential relationship between rosacea severity and pulmonary functions was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients with rosacea and 120 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Compared to the controls, FEV 1%, FEV 1/FVC%, and FEF 25-75% values were significantly lower in patients with rosacea. Lower FEV 1/FVC% values were found to be associated with disease severity. FEV 1%, FEV 1/FVC%, and FEF 25-75% values were found to be more useful in differentiating the patients from healthy subjects. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that patients with rosacea may have abnormal respiratory function compared to healthy subjects. Besides, disease severity was associated with worse respiratory functions. We believe that patients with rosacea, particularly those with additional risk factors, should be screened for respiratory disorders. PMID:34411396 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14389 {url} = URL to article
    • J Drugs Dermatol. 2021 Aug 1;20(8):861-864. doi: 10.36849/JDD.6062. ABSTRACT Dermatologists are cognizant of the multiple clinical manifestations of rosacea, particularly persistent facial erythema, which has been deemed to be the most prevalent diagnostic feature and often poses a significant negative impact on quality of life. To address the need to recognize rosacea as a single disease with multiple potential phenotypes, a new classification system has been developed by 28 clinical and scientific experts worldwide. PMID:34397189 | DOI:10.36849/JDD.6062 {url} = URL to article ~ Full Text How the phenotype classification works.
    • Cutis. 2021 Jul;108(1):46-50. doi: 10.12788/cutis.0289. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a chronic progressive disease that causes inflammation on the skin and the ocular surface. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Demodex mites on clinical findings associated with rosacea. Sixty patients who were newly diagnosed with rosacea in the dermatology outpatient clinic underwent superficial skin biopsy to determine the density of Demodex species. The patients were evaluated as Demodex positive (n=30) or Demodex negative (n=30) based on the species density. The 60 patients were examined in the ophthalmology outpatient clinic; a total of 120 eyes underwent tear breakup time (TBUT) and Schirmer tests and were examined for meibomitis and blepharitis findings. The demographic characteristics and ocular findings of both groups were recorded and statistically compared. We found that Demodex mite-related inflammation in rosacea does not significantly affect clinical ocular surface findings and that Demodex positivity is significantly associated with papulopustular rosacea (PPR)(P=.003). PMID:34397359 | DOI:10.12788/cutis.0289 {url} = URL to article
    • Cutis. 2021 Jul;108(1):51-54. doi: 10.12788/cutis.0290. ABSTRACT Rosacea fulminans (RF) is a rare facial dermatosis that typically affects women with a fulminating course that presents with superficial and deep-seated papules, pustules, and nodules, as well as an intense reddish or cyanotic erythema localized to the face. Although the etiology of RF remains unknown, immunologic, hormonal, and vascular factors have been implicated. We describe a case of a 32-year-old pregnant woman presenting with RF. Presentation in a pregnant patient is not commonly reported and requires special consideration to manage. PMID:34397360 | DOI:10.12788/cutis.0290 {url} = URL to article
    • Cell Immunol. 2021 Aug 8;368:104422. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2021.104422. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT MAS related G-protein coupled receptor X2 (MRGPRX2) is a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) expressed in human mast cells that has been implicated to play an important role in causing pseudo-allergic reactions as well as exacerbating inflammation during asthma and other allergic diseases. Lactic acid, a byproduct of glucose metabolism, is abundantly present in inflamed tissues and has been shown to regulate functions of several immune cells. Because the endogenous ligands for MRGPRX2 (substance P and LL-37) are elevated during pathologic conditions, such as cancer and asthma, and given that lactic acid levels are also enhanced in these patients, we explored the role of lactic acid in regulating mast cells response via MRGPRX2 and MrgprB2, the mouse orthologue of the human receptor. We found that lactic acid suppressed both the early (Ca2+ mobilization and degranulation) and late (chemokine/cytokine release) phases of mast cell activation; this data was confirmed in LAD2, human skin and mouse peritoneal mast cells. In LAD2 cells, the reduction in degranulation and chemokine/cytokine production mediated by lactic acid was dependent on pH. In agreement with our in vitro studies, lactic acid also reduced passive systemic anaphylaxis to compound 48/80 (a known MRGPRX2/MrgprB2 ligand) and skin inflammation in a mouse model of rosacea that is dependent on MrgprB2 expression on skin mast cells. Our data thus suggest that lactic acid may serve to inhibit mast cell-mediated inflammation during asthma and reduce immune response during cancer by affecting mast cell activation through MRGPRX2. PMID:34399172 | DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2021.104422 {url} = URL to article
    • Dermatol Online J. 2021 Jul 15;27(7). doi: 10.5070/D327754360. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Exacerbation of rosacea may occur during pregnancy and there are multiple associated cases of rosacea fulminans (RF). Treatment during pregnancy poses a significant challenge as many rosacea treatments are contraindicated or have limited evidence regarding potential adverse fetal effects. OBJECTIVE: Review the pregnancy categories of various treatments and develop algorithms for treating pregnant patients with rosacea and RF. METHODS: Rosacea treatments showing efficacy in randomized controlled trials were searched through DailyMed to review pregnancy labelling. Searching the PubMed/MEDLINE database for English articles using keywords "rosacea fulminans AND pregnancy" without publishing-time restrictions yielded 8 articles. We summarized treatments used in cases of RF during pregnancy. RESULTS: Topical ivermectin was more effective than metronidazole, but has a more concerning pregnancy category. Three pregnant women with RF were treated successfully with topical metronidazole in combination with other therapies. Azithromycin is the only oral rosacea therapy that is considered safe for pregnant patients and it has been used to treat RF. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the challenging aspects of treating pregnant patients with rosacea, as there is limited pregnancy-related treatment efficacy and safety data. The pregnancy categories of therapeutic options are summarized. Further studies are needed to learn which therapies are effective and safe for use during pregnancy. PMID:34391325 | DOI:10.5070/D327754360 {url} = URL to article
    • Guest Cryptic Display Name
      That is so cool. 
    • While guests can view a significant number of posts and pages on the RRDi website, Guests cannot view the PRIVATE member forum. For example, here are the topics posted today, August 11, 2021. To view these topics, Guests need to register an email address. See this screen shot below for the topics posted today:
    • Br J Dermatol. 2021 Aug 11. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20631. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34378187 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20631 {url} = URL to article
    • Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep. 2021 Jul 22;23:101171. doi: 10.1016/j.ajoc.2021.101171. eCollection 2021 Sep. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To report a successful treatment of chronic rosacea associated ocular demodicosis with lid scrub containing terpinen-4-ol (T4O). OBSERVATIONS: A 72-year old woman presented with recurrent and refractory ocular erythema, irritation, dryness, and photophobia despite conventional medical treatment (artificial tears, hypochlorous acid lid hygiene, doxycycline, and erythromycin) for 5 years. Examination revealed facial erythema, telangiectasias on cheeks, nose and lids, and cylindrical dandruff (CD) on bilateral upper and lower lashes. Epilation sampling confirmed demodicosis. After treatment with lid wipe containing T4O (Cliradex, Biotissue, Miami, FL) over face and lids, ocular discomfort, CD, facial and eyelid erythema, telangiectatic vessels were significantly reduced. Complete eradication of demodex mites and resolution of symptoms and signs lasted 8 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: This case suggests that T4O is effective in treating chronic rosacea associated ocular demodex blepharitis. PMID:34368495 | PMC:PMC8326346 | DOI:10.1016/j.ajoc.2021.101171 {url} = URL to article
    • Clin Exp Optom. 2021 Aug 8:1-9. doi: 10.1080/08164622.2021.1962210. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Dry Eye Disease (DED) is a complex and multifactorial disorder of tear homoeostasis that results in pain, visual disturbance, and ocular surface damage. It is highly prevalent around the world and is associated with many co-morbidities that may contribute to or exacerbate symptoms and signs of disease and affect disease phenotype. However, DED is not one disease and can manifest with a variety of symptoms and/or signs. In this review, we discuss relationships between various co-morbidities and DED phenotypes. For example, individuals with immune mediated diseases, like Sjögren's Syndrome and Graft versus Host Disease, often present with aqueous tear deficiency (ADDE) in the setting of lacrimal gland dysfunction. Individuals with disorders that affect the periocular skin, like rosacea and seborrhoeic dermatitis, often present with evaporative dry eye (EDE) in the setting of eyelid and/or meibomian gland abnormalities. Individuals with pain related disorders, such as chronic pain syndrome and migraine, often present with ocular pain out of proportion to tear film abnormalities, often with accompanying corneal nerve hypersensitivity. Individuals with diabetes mellitus often present with an epitheliopathy in the setting of decreased sensation (neurotrophic keratitis). While not absolute, understanding relationships between co-morbidities and DED phenotypes can help tailor a therapeutic plan to the individual patient. PMID:34369296 | DOI:10.1080/08164622.2021.1962210 {url} = URL to article
    • BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Aug 5;14(8):e242017. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2021-242017. ABSTRACT Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a progressive frontotemporal hairline recession with eyebrow loss. Facial papules are present in up to 14% of FFA cases and can start with facial flushes. Nevertheless, these flushes are commonly associated with rosacea, a much more prevalent disease. In this case, a woman with FFA had, at first, clinical and histopathological findings of rosacea and was treated with ivermectin 1% cream with no improvement. She returned reporting new papules in the frontal region, reaching the frontotemporal hairline. Trichoscopy of the scalp showed mild perifollicular erythema and follicular scale. The new skin biopsy was compatible with FFA, and oral finasteride (5 mg/day) and hydroxychloroquine were introduced to stabilise the disease. PMID:34353825 | DOI:10.1136/bcr-2021-242017 {url} = URL to article
    • J Innate Immun. 2021 Aug 5:1-11. doi: 10.1159/000517627. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Bacterial peptidoglycan (PGN) stimulates toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) on the surface of keratinocytes (KCs), triggering signaling pathways that promote an innate immune response. However, excessive TLR2 activation can lead to inappropriate inflammation, which contributes to skin conditions such as rosacea. To better treat these conditions, there is a need to understand the molecular mechanisms that regulate the cellular response to TLR2 activation in the skin. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a transcription factor that modulates the immune response in KCs and is a promising therapeutic target for inflammatory skin diseases. Here, we investigated the role of the AhR in regulating the transcriptional response of human KCs to PGN. We performed whole-transcriptome sequencing in wild-type and AhR-depleted KCs after PGN stimulation. AhR depletion altered the expression of 72 genes in response to PGN, leading to increased expression of 48 genes and repression of 24 genes, including interleukin (IL)-1β. Chromatin immunoprecipitation showed that PGN stimulation resulted in AhR binding the promoters of IL-1β and IL-6 to activate them. More broadly, AhR promoted inflammatory gene expression by increasing JNK/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and FosB expression. Finally, we observed that AhR depletion increased TLR2 expression itself, raising the hypothesis that AhR may serve to restrain TLR2-mediated inflammation in KCs through negative feedback. Viewed together, our findings demonstrate a significant and complex role for AhR in modulating the expression of inflammatory genes in KCs in response to PGN. PMID:34352786 | DOI:10.1159/000517627 {url} = URL to article More information on the pathogenesis of rosacea involving keratinocytes
    • Skin Therapy Lett. 2021 Jul;26(4):1-8. ABSTRACT The diagnosis and classification of rosacea has been modified to reflect presenting features. On exclusion of differentials, the diagnosis of rosacea is based on the presence of either (1) phymatous changes, or (2) centrofacial persistent erythema. In their absence, diagnosis can be established by presence of any two of: flushing/transient erythema, papules and pustules, telangiectases, or ocular manifestations. Management of rosacea depends on presenting feature(s), their severity, and impact. General management includes gentle skin care, sun protection, and trigger avoidance. Evidence-based treatment recommendations include topical brimonidine and oxymetazoline for persistent erythema; topical azelaic acid, ivermectin, metronidazole, minocycline and oral doxycycline, tetracycline and isotretinoin for papules and pustules; vascular lasers and light devices for telangiectases; and omega-3 fatty acids and cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion for ocular rosacea. While surgical or laser therapy can be considered for clinically noninflamed phyma, there are no trials on their utility. Combination therapies include topical brimonidine with topical ivermectin, or topical metronidazole with oral doxycycline. Topical metronidazole, topical ivermectin, and topical azelaic acid are appropriate for maintenance therapy. In conclusion, the updated phenotype approach, based on presenting clinical features, is the foundation for current diagnosis, classification, and treatment of rosacea. PMID:34347259 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Aug 1. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14353. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) is a non-invasive or minimally invasive procedure with a low risk of complications. It has been employed for several aesthetic purposes. AIM: This study aimed to conduct a systematic literature review on the use of RF for aesthetic applications and assess the level of accumulated evidence for each condition. METHODS: Using the MEDLINE/PubMed and EMBASE databases, we searched for articles published from 2009 to 2019 describing the use of RF treatment for aesthetic purposes. RESULTS: Our search approach identified 25 randomized clinical trials investigating the efficacy of RF in the following clinical situations: body contour improvement, facial rejuvenation, acne scar treatment, alopecia, and rosacea. There were problems with the quality of the studies, especially regarding selection, performance, and detection bias. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that RF treatment is potentially promising in all of the evaluated clinical situations; however, we were not able to identify a level of evidence that justifies its use over other therapeutic options currently available on the market. PMID:34333828 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14353 {url} = URL to article
    • J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Aug 1. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14347. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Centrofacial erythema associated with telangiectasis is the most common presentation of rosacea, known as erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR). However, successful management of these symptoms remains challenging. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical timolol maleate eye drops 0.5% for ETR. METHODS: In this randomized, single-center, single-blind, placebo-controlled split-face study, 16 patients with mild-to-moderate ETR who presented at West China Hospital between January 2019 to September 2020 were randomized to receive either topical timolol maleate eye drops 0.5% to one side of their face daily for 28 days and normal saline to the other side of the face. Patients were assessed with both the Clinician Erythema Assessment (CEA) and Patient Self-Assessment (PSA) at the 28-day follow-up appointment. Subjective assessment was performed by asking participants to grade their sensation of warmth and burning. RESULTS: The sides treated with timolol demonstrated a significant improvement in both the CEA and PSA at the 28-day assessment. Patients reported a significant difference in warmth and burning sensations. The only adverse reaction was worsened redness on both sides of the face at Day 1 in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: In this small study, the application of topical timolol maleate was safe and effective for the treatment of ETR. PMID:34333845 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14347 {url} = URL to article
    • J Med Entomol. 2021 Jul 31:tjab120. doi: 10.1093/jme/tjab120. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT The prevalence of mites of the genus Demodex and their associations with host age, gender, workplace, and comorbid skin and ocular conditions were studied in participants in Antofagasta, Chile, which is in a region with an extreme environment. We examined 680 participants aged 18-88 yr using standardized surface skin biopsies. Among them, Demodex had a prevalence of 13.5 % (95% confidence interval, 10.88-16.17). A slightly higher prevalence was observed in males (51.1%; 95% confidence interval, 40.9-61.3; nonsignificant) and participants in the 69-88 yr age group (50.0%; 95% confidence interval, 23.8-76.2; P < 0.05). Regarding the species involved, Demodex folliculorum was found in 89.1% (CI 82.7-95.5) of cases, while D. brevis was found in the remaining 10.9% of cases. A higher prevalence (25.0% CI 16.1-33.91) was observed in participants who worked indoors in generally enclosed and dust-rich environments (such as theaters, libraries, and administrative offices). There was also a strong association between Demodex prevalence and conjunctival hyperemia, with 35.9% (95% confidence interval, 9.1-35; OR 17.9) of the Demodex positive participants having this pathology compared to 10.3% of the noninfested participants. In summary, the prevalence of Demodex in Antofagasta, Chile (13.5%) was toward the lower end of the range reported among other regions around the world. Environmental factors such as exposure to the sun (including ultraviolet rays) or environmental pollution may affect the mites. In addition, Demodex genetics (related to virulence) and the ocular or skin microbiota may positively or negatively influence infestation and pathology. PMID:34331059 | DOI:10.1093/jme/tjab120 {url} = URL to article
    • J Am Acad Dermatol. 2021 Jul 27:S0190-9622(21)02180-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.07.031. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34329644 | DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2021.07.031 {url} = URL to article
    • Front Immunol. 2021 Jul 12;12:609615. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.609615. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rosacea, a chronic inflammatory skin disorder etiologically associated with immune cells and the antibacterial peptide cathelicidin LL-37, can be effectively treated by oral carvedilol administration. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying carvedilol efficacy in rosacea treatment. METHODS: Skin samples of patients with rosacea were subjected to histopathological (hematoxylin and eosin) and immunohistochemical (CD68, Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), kallikrein 5, cathelicidin, TNF-α, and IL-1β) evaluation. An in vivo murine rosacea-like inflammation model was established by LL-37 intradermal injection with or without carvedilol gavage-based pretreatment. Erythema proportion (Image J) and skin redness (L*a*b colorimetry) were quantified. Murine skin samples underwent pathological examination for inflammatory status and immunofluorescence staining. Murine skin and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells with or without carvedilol pretreatment were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Clinical facial images of patients were obtained using the VISIA skin analysis system before, 4, and 6 months following oral carvedilol administration. RESULTS: Rosacea skin lesions exhibited more pronounced inflammatory cell infiltration than peripheral areas, with profound macrophage infiltration and inflammatory cytokines (TLR2, kallikrein 5, cathelicidin, TNF-α, and IL-1β). In vivo, carvedilol alleviated inflammation in LL-37 mice, down-regulating TLR2, KLK5, and cathelicidin expression. In vitro, carvedilol decreased TLR2 expression in RAW 264.7 cells, further reducing KLK5 secretion and LL-37 expression and ultimately inhibiting rosacea-like inflammatory reactions. Clinical manifestations and facial redness obviously improved during 6-month follow-up with systemic carvedilol administration. CONCLUSION: Carvedilol is effective against rosacea, with inhibition of macrophage TLR2 expression as a novel anti-inflammatory mechanism. PMID:34322115 | PMC:PMC8311793 | DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2021.609615 {url} = URL to article More Information on Carvedilol for Rosacea
    • Eur J Dermatol. 2021 Jun 1;31(3):326-334. doi: 10.1684/ejd.2021.4068. ABSTRACT Topical α1- and α2-adrenoreceptor (ADRA1 and 2) agonists are effective in alleviating permanent vasodilation and facial erythema associated with rosacea by inducing skin vasoconstriction. Although β-adrenoreceptor (ADRB) antagonists are used off-label for rosacea, pharmacological and pharmacodynamic data pertaining to these receptors in skin micro-vessels are lacking. Objectives: To analyse the expression of different adrenergic receptors and their contribution to vasoreactivity in skin micro-vessels. Small arteries (500-800 μm) and arterioles (<200 μm) were studied in human foreskin tissue. Specifically, ADR-A1, -A2, -B1 and -B2 expression was assayed by immunofluorescence, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and western blotting. Small skin artery reactivity was evaluated using ex vivo myography (500-800 μm) or a visible microscope perfusion system with precision-cut skin slices (<200 μm). ADRB2 was the most highly expressed receptor in small skin arteries and arterioles, followed by ADRA2. ADRA2 activation via brimonidine-induced vasoconstriction was greater in skin arterioles than in small skin arteries, and more potent than that with norepinephrine (NE). The use of prazosin (ADRA1 inhibitor) partially attenuated brimonidine-induced vasoconstriction, indicating some activation of ADRA1 by brimonidine, at least at 10-μM concentrations. Small skin arteries and arterioles, pre-treated with prazosin and stimulated with NE, exhibited ADRB2-mediated vasodilation, which was inhibited by the beta blockers, propranolol or timolol. This study shows that ADRB2 is predominantly expressed in small skin arteries and arterioles, and that ADRBs plays a functional role in vasodilation. The data presented here indicate that ADRBs can be a therapeutic target for the treatment of rosacea. PMID:34309518 | DOI:10.1684/ejd.2021.4068 {url} = URL to article
    • J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2021 Jul 26. doi: 10.1111/jdv.17545. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT The health of world leaders is a legitimate source of concern for the global population, and for historians. Cognitive disorders may impact their mandate decisions, particularly when occurring early in office [1]. Cancer and cardio-vascular diseases may lead to disability with impossibility to carry out expected duties or unexpected death with power vacuum [2]. World history has repeatedly showed that politicians tended to keep their illnesses hidden from the public long before they became obvious [2]. PMID:34310780 | DOI:10.1111/jdv.17545 {url} = URL to article
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Jul 8;22(14):7342. doi: 10.3390/ijms22147342. ABSTRACT We studied CD34+ stromal cells/telocytes (CD34+SCs/TCs) in pathologic skin, after briefly examining them in normal conditions. We confirm previous studies by other authors in the normal dermis regarding CD34+SC/TC characteristics and distribution around vessels, nerves and cutaneous annexes, highlighting their practical absence in the papillary dermis and presence in the bulge region of perifollicular groups of very small CD34+ stromal cells. In non-tumoral skin pathology, we studied examples of the principal histologic patterns in which CD34+SCs/TCs have (1) a fundamental pathophysiological role, including (a) fibrosing/sclerosing diseases, such as systemic sclerosis, with loss of CD34+SCs/TCs and presence of stromal cells co-expressing CD34 and αSMA, and (b) metabolic degenerative processes, including basophilic degeneration of collagen, with stromal cells/telocytes in close association with degenerative fibrils, and cutaneous myxoid cysts with spindle-shaped, stellate and bulky vacuolated CD34+ stromal cells, and (2) a secondary reactive role, encompassing dermatitis-e.g., interface (erythema multiforme), acantholytic (pemphigus, Hailey-Hailey disease), lichenoid (lichen planus), subepidermal vesicular (bullous pemphigoid), psoriasiform (psoriasis), granulomatous (granuloma annulare)-vasculitis (leukocytoclastic and lymphocytic vasculitis), folliculitis, perifolliculitis and inflammation of the sweat and sebaceous glands (perifolliculitis and rosacea) and infectious dermatitis (verruca vulgaris). In skin tumor and tumor-like conditions, we studied examples of those in which CD34+ stromal cells are (1) the neoplastic component (dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, sclerotic fibroma and solitary fibrous tumor), (2) a neoplastic component with varying presentation (fibroepithelial polyp and superficial myxofibrosarcoma) and (3) a reactive component in other tumor/tumor-like cell lines, such as those deriving from vessel periendothelial cells (myopericytoma), epithelial cells (trichoepithelioma, nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn and seborrheic keratosis), Merkel cells (Merkel cell carcinoma), melanocytes (dermal melanocytic nevi) and Schwann cells (neurofibroma and granular cell tumor). PMID:34298962 | DOI:10.3390/ijms22147342 {url} = URL to article
    • Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2021 Jul 23. doi: 10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.229. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Lipid transfer proteins (LTP) are considered important plant-food allergens in the Mediterranean area, but little is known about LTP allergy in pediatric age. Our aim was to characterize LTP allergy in children.We reviewed the clinical data from all children evaluated in our department with LTP allergy. From the 76 patients with LTP allergy, 26 children were included, 50% female, median age 10 years (1-17). Symptoms included urticaria in 58% (n = 15), 168 anaphylaxes in 46% (n = 12) and OAS in 42% (n = 11). Multiple reactions with different foods occurred in 69%. Cofactors were reported in 27% (n = 7). All patients had positive SPT to peach LTP extract and sIgE Pru p 3. No association between the occurrence of severe reactions and sIgE to Pru p 3 (p = 0.462), sIgE to Cor a 8 (p = 0.896), SPT to peach LTP extraxt (p = 0.846) or the number of positive SPT to fruits/tree nuts (p = 0.972; p = 0.676) was found. Ninety-two percent of the patients tolerated fruits from Rosacea family without peel. Twelve percent reported reactions to new LTP containing foods during follow-up. LTP allergy can occur since early childhood. Since anaphylaxis is common and cofactors act as severity enhancers, it is fundamental to recognize LTP allergy in children. Currently available diagnostic tests (SPT and sIgE) cannot accurately predict food tolerance or anticipate reaction severity. PMID:34296844 | DOI:10.23822/EurAnnACI.1764-1489.229 {url} = URL to article
    • J Dermatolog Treat. 2021 Jul 22:1-8. doi: 10.1080/09546634.2021.1959507. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34291712 | DOI:10.1080/09546634.2021.1959507 {url} = URL to article
    • Front Immunol. 2021 Jul 5;12:674871. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.674871. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory condition that mainly affects the central face. However, the molecular background of the normal central face and the transcriptional profiling and immune cell composition of rosacea lesions remain largely unknown. Here, we performed whole-skin and epidermal RNA-seq of central facial skin from healthy individuals, lesions and matched normal skin from rosacea patients. From whole-skin RNA-seq, the site-specific gene signatures for central facial skin were mainly enriched in epithelial cell differentiation, with upregulation of the activator protein-1 (AP1) transcription factor (TF). We identified the common upregulated inflammatory signatures and diminished keratinization signature for rosacea lesions. Gene ontology, pathway, TF enrichment and immunohistochemistry results suggested that STAT1 was the potential core of the critical TF networks connecting the epithelial-immune crosstalk in rosacea lesions. Epidermal RNA-seq and immunohistochemistry analysis further validated the epithelial-derived STAT1 signature in rosacea lesions. The epidermal STAT1/IRF1 signature was observed across ETR, PPR, and PhR subtypes. Immune cell composition revealed that macrophages were common in all 3 subtypes. Finally, we described subtype-specific gene signatures and immune cell composition correlated with phenotypes. These findings reveal the specific epithelial differentiation in normal central facial skin, and epithelial-immune crosstalk in lesions providing insight into an initial keratinocyte pattern in the pathogenesis of rosacea. PMID:34290700 | PMC:PMC8287635 | DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2021.674871 {url} = URL to article
    • Med Res Rev. 2021 Jul 21. doi: 10.1002/med.21842. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT The sesquiterpene lactone artemisinin from Artemisia annua L. is well established for malaria therapy, but its bioactivity spectrum is much broader. In this review, we give a comprehensive and timely overview of the literature regarding the immunosuppressive activity of artemisinin-type compounds toward inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Numerous receptor-coupled signaling pathways are inhibited by artemisinins, including the receptors for interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), β3-integrin, or RANKL, toll-like receptors and growth factor receptors. Among the receptor-coupled signal transducers are extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K), AKT serine/threonine kinase (AKT), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK), phospholipase C γ1 (PLCγ), and others. All these receptors and signal transduction molecules are known to contribute to the inhibition of the transcription factor nuclear factor κ B (NF-κB). Artemisinins may inhibit NF-κB by silencing these upstream pathways and/or by direct binding to NF-κB. Numerous NF-κB-regulated downstream genes are downregulated by artemisinin and its derivatives, for example, cytokines, chemokines, and immune receptors, which regulate immune cell differentiation, apoptosis genes, proliferation-regulating genes, signal transducers, and genes involved in antioxidant stress response. In addition to the prominent role of NF-κB, other transcription factors are also inhibited by artemisinins (mammalian target of rapamycin [mTOR], activating protein 1 [AP1]/FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral oncogene homologue [FOS]/JUN oncogenic transcription factor [JUN]), hypoxia-induced factor 1α (HIF-1α), nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NF-ATC1), Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT), NF E2-related factor-2 (NRF-2), retinoic-acid-receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor γ (ROR-γt), and forkhead box P-3 (FOXP-3). Many in vivo experiments in disease-relevant animal models demonstrate therapeutic efficacy of artemisinin-type drugs against rheumatic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, lupus erythematosus, arthrosis, and gout), lung diseases (asthma, acute lung injury, and pulmonary fibrosis), neurological diseases (autoimmune encephalitis, Alzheimer's disease, and myasthenia gravis), skin diseases (dermatitis, rosacea, and psoriasis), inflammatory bowel disease, and other inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Randomized clinical trials should be conducted in the future to translate the plethora of preclinical results into clinical practice. PMID:34288018 | DOI:10.1002/med.21842 {url} = URL to article
    • An Bras Dermatol. 2021 Jul 15:S0365-0596(21)00173-2. doi: 10.1016/j.abd.2021.02.004. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The frequency of autoimmune diseases and thyroid cancer has been increasingly reported in association with rosacea. However, studies investigating thyroid diseases in rosacea are scarce with conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between thyroid disorders and rosacea. METHODS: A large case-control study on age- and gender-matched 2091 rosacea patients and 9572 controls was conducted. Rosacea patients using the rosacea-specific ICD codes were compiled from the hospital records. Additionally, all participants were evaluated in terms of the presence of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to compute case-control odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: The analysis comprehended 2091 rosacea patients (1546 female, 545 male; mean 48.73 ± 14.53 years) and 9572 controls (7009 female, 2563 male; mean 48.73 ± 15.1 years). Whereas the rate of hypothyroidism was significantly higher in rosacea patients (OR = 1.3, 95% CI 1.13-1.49, p < 0.001), there was no significant difference in the rate of hyperthyroidism between the groups (OR = 1.12, 95% CI 0.81-1.53, p = 0.497). Stratification for genderrevealed a significant association between hypothyroidism and rosacea in females (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.1-1.47, p = 0.002) and males (OR = 1.58, 95% CI 1.04-2.4, p = 0.032). The frequency of hypothyroidism in rosacea patients increased towards the age range of 40-49 and then decreased, parallel with the hypothyroidism frequency of the study population. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Different subtypes and severities of rosacea were not distinguished. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothyroidism may be a comorbidity of rosacea and investigation for hypothyroidism may be appropriate when evaluating rosacea patients. PMID:34275693 | DOI:10.1016/j.abd.2021.02.004 {url} = URL to article
    • Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2021 Jul 6;14:779-814. doi: 10.2147/CCID.S315711. eCollection 2021. ABSTRACT Dermal filler treatments require constant reassessment for improving and safeguarding the rapidly evolving aesthetic field. Suboptimal injection technique, patient selection and product knowledge have touted a concerning increase in filler complications, with new challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic leading to new paradigms in the understanding, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of complications. The updated 10-point plan has been developed to curtail complications through consideration of causative factors, categorized as patient, product, and procedure-related. Patient-related factors include a preprocedural consultation with careful elucidation of skin conditions (acne, rosacea, dermatitis), systemic disease (allergies, autoimmune disease, underlying bacterial and viral disease (herpes simplex virus, COVID-19 infection), medications (antineoplastic drugs, recreational drugs) and previous cosmetic procedures (including fillers and energy-based devices). Patient assessment should include standardized photography and also evaluate the role of social media, ethnicity, gender, generational, and LGBTQ+ needs. Specified informed consent for both adverse events and their treatment is essential due to the increase in vascular complications, including the risk of blindness. Product-related factors include the powerful advantage of reversibility when using hyaluronic acid (HA) products. Product characteristics such as molecular weight and filler degradation should be understood. Product layering over late or minimally degradable fillers is still inadvisable due to the initial filler being teased into reactivity. Procedural factors such as consistent photographic documentation, procedural planning, aseptic non-touch technique (ANTT), knowledge of topographical anatomy and angiosomes, and technical dexterity including pinch anatomy and needle skills are of pivotal importance. The final section is dedicated to algorithms and checklists for managing and treating complications such as allergic hypersensitivity reactions, vascular events, infection, edema and late-onset adverse events (LOAEs). The updated 10-point plan is a methodical strategy aimed at further minimising the risk of dermal filler complications. PMID:34276222 | PMC:PMC8279269 | DOI:10.2147/CCID.S315711 {url} = URL to article
    • J Am Acad Dermatol. 2021 Jul 10:S0190-9622(21)02012-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.06.865. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34274412 | DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2021.06.865 {url} = URL to article
    • The RRDi is pleased to announce a new page, Rosacea Episodes. 
    • J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Jul 13. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000001290. Online ahead of print. NO ABSTRACT PMID:34270518 | DOI:10.1097/WNO.0000000000001290 {url} = URL to article
    • Br J Dermatol. 2021 Jul 16. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20645. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT antibiotics represent the first-line hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) treatment, although HS is not an infectious disease1 . Prolonged antibiotic courses exhibit an anti-inflammatory effect, utilized for treating follicular/inflammatory skin diseases, e.g. acne and rosacea. Clindamycin/rifampicin or tetracyclines are usually administered for 10 to 12 weeks in moderate-to-severe HS treatment1 , mostly based on retrospective studies using non-validated severity scoring systems. PMID:34270785 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20645 {url} = URL to article
    • J Craniofac Surg. 2021 Jul 15. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000007963. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rhinophyma is the severe rosacea whit hypertrophy of sebaceous glands in nasal tissue, which severely influences the patient's appearance. Surgical therapy is the best method for treating moderate-to-severe rhinophyma. In this study, we used a new ameliorated scarification for 30 patients with moderate-to-severe rhinophyma. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of five-blades scratcher surgery on moderate-to severe rhinophyma between 2016 and 2019 in our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients were treated with five-blades scratcher under tumescent anesthesia. Outcomes were determined by a patient questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 30 patients, all of them answered the questionnaire and were included in this study with a follow-up time of 12 months. Cosmetic results were evaluated as very good or good in 90% of patients. The majority of patients (87%) were very satisfied or satisfied with the postoperative result. Surgical treatment of rhinophyma improved patients' quality of life in 67% of patients. Recurrence of rhinophyma was detected in 7% of patients. In all, 100% of the patients stated that they would recommend this treatment to others. CONCLUSIONS: Five-blades scratcher is an effective therapy for rhinophyma with excellent outcome. PMID:34267144 | DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000007963 {url} = URL to article
    • You may be having issues trying to navigate our website using a mobile device so here is a helpful tutorial to find Rosacea Topics. Watch Video.  Step one - Finding the Menu on the Home page (iOS - hopefully Android users are similar) - Look for the three bars top right corner (click):  You should then see the following menu:  Just under the HOME button find the NAVIGATOR button and click on it and you should see the following menu:  The first word 'Navigator' is simply the title of this menu (don't click on it). The menu choices are now shown below this word, 'Navigator,' and you should begin scrolling down till you see the following:  The menu button ROSACEA TOPICS is the second to the last choice. Click on ROSACEA TOPICS which brings you to the following screen:  You may want to turn your mobile device horizontally to view the videos and subforums and scroll down to see all the choices:  Now you can view the subforums but you are not allowed to enter a subforum without being a member of the RRDi. Membership is free and all you do register and then you can view over 7K posts and over 5.4K rosacea topics. Learn more. Hope this helps mobile device users on how to navigate our website. If you have questions, find the reply to this topic button and ask. 
    • Br J Dermatol. 2021 Jul 13. doi: 10.1111/bjd.20641. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Treatments for many common dermatologic diagnoses are denied insurance coverage due to their arbitrary cosmetic classification. Melasma is one such diagnosis often considered cosmetic by payers, and since it is commonly identified in darker-skinned individuals, its cosmetic classification creates an economic barrier for patients of color. Although dermatologists have previously described insurance coverage gaps for conditions typically seen in patients of color, this coverage gap has never been quantified.1 Thus, we investigated the rate of insurance coverage for first-line topical treatments for rosacea versus melasma. Rosacea and melasma share a number of key features - both are common, chronic, dermatological conditions that are exacerbated by sun exposure, are primarily treated topically, and cause measurably decreased quality of life in affected patients.2,3 Rosacea, however, is often diagnosed in patients with Fitzpatrick skin types I-II, with 91.8% of rosacea diagnoses seen in white patients, while melasma is predominantly diagnosed in patients with Fitzpatrick skin types III-V.4-6. PMID:34254297 | DOI:10.1111/bjd.20641 {url} = URL to article What is the Fitzpatrick Scale?
    • Yes actually I went through her article on these proteins and food triggers when I read the heading I thought these natural food items are good when consumed but when I read through it I found that these compounds are found in a very trace amount naturally in these foods and do not cause any problem as such but when these chemical compounds are used as preservatives in food and personal care products, then it is of concern. Obviously we all know that preservatives are very bad for our overall health because it keeps our food fresh for a longer period of time and we can understand that what keeps our stuff fresh whether food or skin products for a longer period of time, would badly affect in a long run and when you are already immune sensitive. Eat natural as possible as you can which directly comes from nature (whether fruits or vegetables) and don't go overboard with anything. Eat less Packaged foods or remove it from your lifestyle. Understand your body and its functions. See, we take a lot of myths but what suits you, may not suit the other person when it comes to rosacea and it is all about trial and error and you need to find out what suits you best.
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