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Optimizing Management of Otophyma: A Case Series Highlighting the Role of Surgical and Retinoid Therapy.

Ear Nose Throat J. 2020 Aug 17;:145561320947619

Authors: Paradiso MM, Kaffenberger BH, Rock AN, Dodson EE

Abstract
Otophyma is a rare condition that can result in conductive hearing loss. Current otophyma literature does not examine validated treatment outcomes for patients. Utilizing a medical and surgical approach to maintain a patent canal can lead to significant objective improvements. The aim of this case series is to describe a combined successful approach in 3 cases from an academic, multidisciplinary center. The main outcomes analyzed were pre and post air-bone gap audiogram analysis and disimpaction frequency. The results showed that post-management, patient 1 had substantial improvement in hearing, recovering 49 dB in his right ear and 25 dB in his left ear, demonstrating near complete air-bone gap closure. Patient 2 showed a similar dermatologic and functional improvement, although objective audiometric assessment related to otophyma could not be performed due to coexisting chronic otitis media and cholesteatoma. Patient 3, in the 12 months prior to comanagement, had 8 bilateral disimpactions, and following comanagement had 2 disimpactions in 23 months. All 3 patients were pleased with the resultant functional and physical appearance following comanagement. By presenting this approach and objective measures of treatment, we hope to improve future clinical decision-making in a rare condition.

PMID: 32804571 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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