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Comparative effectiveness of nonpurpuragenic 595-nm pulsed dye laser and microsecond 1064-nm neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser for treatment of diffuse facial erythema: A double-blind randomized controlled trial.

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013 Sep;69(3):438-43

Authors: Alam M, Voravutinon N, Warycha M, Whiting D, Nodzenski M, Yoo S, West DP, Veledar E, Poon E

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Facial erythema is a common symptom that responds to vascular laser treatment, but there are few comparative studies.
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the effectiveness of microsecond 1064-nm neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser with nonpurpuragenic 595-nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) for diffuse facial erythema.
METHODS: This was a split-face, double-blind randomized controlled trial. Bilateral cheeks received 4 treatments each at one month intervals with PDL or Nd:YAG. Spectrophotometer measurements, digital photographs, pain scores, and patient preferences were recorded.
RESULTS: Sixteen patients enrolled and 2 dropped out. Fourteen patients, all skin types I to III, 57% women, mean age 42 years, completed the study and were analyzed. Spectrophotometer readings changed after both PDL (8.9%) and Nd:YAG (2.5%), but varied by treatment type, with PDL reducing facial redness 6.4% more from baseline than Nd:YAG (P = .0199; 95% confidence interval -11.6 to -1.2). Pain varied (P = .0028), with Nd:YAG associated with less pain, at 3.07, than PDL at 3.87. Subjects rated redness as improved by 52% as a result of PDL, and 34% as a result of Nd:YAG (P = .031; 95% confidence interval -34.6 to -1.94). No serious adverse events were observed.
LIMITATIONS: Lasers settings are not standardized across devices.
CONCLUSION: Facial erythema is safely and effectively treated with PDL and Nd:YAG. Nonpupuragenic PDL may be more effective for lighter-skinned patients, but microsecond Nd:YAG may be less painful.

PMID: 23688651 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23688651?dopt=Abstract = URL to article

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