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Interactions between immune system and the microbiome of skin, blood and gut in pathogenesis of rosacea.

Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung. 2021 Jan 29;:

Authors: Joura MI, Brunner A, Nemes-Nikodém É, Sárdy M, Ostorházi E

The increasingly wide use of next-generation sequencing technologies has revolutionised our knowledge of microbial environments associated with human skin, gastrointestinal tract and blood. The collective set of microorganisms influences metabolic processes, affects immune responses, and so directly or indirectly modulates disease. Rosacea is a skin condition of abnormal inflammation and vascular dysfunction, and its progression is affected by Demodex mites on the skin surface. When looking into the effects influencing development of rosacea, it is not only the skin microbiome change that needs to be considered. Changes in the intestinal microbiome and their circulating metabolites, as well as changes in the blood microbiome also affect the progression of rosacea. Recent research has confirmed the increased presence of bacterial genera like Acidaminococcus and Megasphera in the intestinal microbiome and Rheinheimera and Sphingobium in the blood microbiome of rosacea patients. In this review we discuss our current knowledge of the interactions between the immune system and the skin, gut and blood microbiome, with particular attention to rosacea diagnostic opportunities.

PMID: 33522984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

{url} = URL to article

Microorganisms of the Human Microbiome in Rosacea

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