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Vasoconstriction and anti-inflammatory properties of the selective α-adrenergic receptor agonist brimonidine.

J Dermatol Sci. 2014 Apr 16;

Authors: Piwnica D, Rosignoli C, de Ménonville ST, Alvarez T, Schuppli Nollet M, Roye O, Jomard A, Aubert J

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The facial erythema of rosacea is recognized as the most prevalent and most difficult manifestation of rosacea to treat. A recent approach in patients with rosacea has been to reduce this erythema through vasoconstriction of cutaneous blood vessels by selectively targeting α2-adrenergic receptors with brimonidine.
OBJECTIVE: To further investigate the pharmacodynamic profile of brimonidine, its vasoconstrictive effects and its anti-inflammatory properties.
METHODS: The potency for the α1A, α1B, α2A, α2B and α2C receptors of brimonidine was measured, as well as performing a large target profiling study in order to determine the target selectivity profile of brimonidine. The vasoconstrictive effects of brimonidine were measured using ex vivo wire myography and human skin biopsy neuroinflammation models. The anti-inflammatory properties of brimonidine were measured using two in vivo mice ear inflammation models.
RESULTS: Brimonidine was found to be highly selective for the α2A adrenoreceptor (EC50 0.45nM) over the other α-adrenoreceptors. Additionally, the large target profiling study demonstrated the high selectivity of brimonidine with minimal off-target effects. The ex vivo wire myography model showed that brimonidine is a potent vasoconstrictor of human subcutaneous vessels with a diameter of less than 200μm (EC50 0.4nM). The ex vivo human skin biopsy neuroinflammation model demonstrated that brimonidine completely inhibited vasodilation induced by capsaicin. Both in vivo mouse ear inflammation models highlighted that brimonidine inhibited ear edema (up to 76%) when compared to vehicle.
CONCLUSION: The selectivity, vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory properties of brimonidine that have been described in these studies are in agreement with the benefits observed with this compound in the treatment of facial erythema in rosacea.

PMID: 24802713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24802713?dopt=Abstract = URL to article

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