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J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Mar 2. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14039. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory dermatosis with uncertainty of etiology. Although clinical features and risk factors of the disease in Caucasians have been reported, this information in Chinese is largely unavailable.

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical features and associated risk factors of rosacea in Chinese.

METHODS: A questionnaire was given to outpatients with rosacea who visited the dermatology department of the first affiliated hospital of Kunming Medical University from June 2018 to March 2019. Analyses included demographic characteristics of subjects, clinical characteristics, risk factors of rosacea.

RESULTS: A total of 254 outpatients completed questionnaire. The ratio of female to male was 5.68:1.00. The mean age at onset was 31.18 ± 10.23 years. Erythematotelangiectatic subtype accounted for 51.60% while 39% of the subjects were the papulopustular subtype. The rest were phymatous type (9.40%). Subjects with flushing, persistent facial erythema and telangiectasia accounted for 87.80%, 84.65%, and 79.13%, respectively. One hundred and six subjects (41.73%) had papules or pustules, and 24 subjects (9.40%) were with phymatous changes. The most common involved site were the cheeks (92.91%), followed by the nose (81.10%), the perioral area (60.23%), and the forehead (50.79%). The clinical symptoms included burning (70.08%), dryness (48.03%), and itching (31.89%). The main risk factors were sun exposure (90.55%), temperature change (87.40%),and etc. Fifty-one (20.08%) patients had comorbidities.

CONCLUSIONS: Rosacea mainly affects young females. The common signs and symptoms include flushing, persistent facial erythema, burning. Sun exposure, temperature changes are the common risk factors. Patients can have comorbidities of systemic disorders.

PMID:33655687 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14039

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