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J Cosmet Dermatol. 2021 Apr 19. doi: 10.1111/jocd.14164. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by facial flushing, erythema, telangiectasia, papules, and pustules. Its pathogenesis has not been fully understood. In 2017, the global ROSacea COnsensus (ROSCO) panel updated the diagnosis, classification and assessment of rosacea. Phenotype-based treatments and long-term managements have also been recommended. Murine models are a powerful tool in unveiling and dissecting the mechanisms of human diseases. Here, we summarized murine models of rosacea developed or used in previous research, including LL-37 intradermal injection model, KLK-5-induced inflammation model, croton oil inflammation model, 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate inflammation model, arachidonic acid inflammation model, RTX-induced vasodilation model, and UVB-induced model. LL-37 injection model has become the most intensively used model in rosacea research. Each model could show the pathophysiological and clinical features of rosacea to some extent. However, no model can show the full picture of the characteristics of rosacea. Improving existed murine models, developing new murine models, and applying them to pathogenesis and treatment research on rosacea are highly warranted in the future.

PMID:33872453 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.14164

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