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Hypothesis of demodicidosis rosacea flushing etiopathogenesis.

Med Hypotheses. 2015 Jan 31;

Authors: Robledo MA, Orduz M

Abstract
Most of the patients with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea are characterized by flushing, oedema and telangiectasia. The etiopathogenesis of the flushing in rosacea patients is unknown. Clinically the flushing in rosacea is similar to the "Asian flushing syndrome". Most Asians have an overactive alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) that tends to break down alcohol into acetaldehyde faster. People with "Asians flushing syndrome" have a genetic disorder with the Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2(∗)2 (ALDH2(∗)2) allele. This is the reason why they do not metabolize very well the acetaldehyde that comes from the alcohol, which means that acetaldehyde takes much longer to clear from their blood. ALDH2 enzyme is primarily responsible for oxidation of acetaldehyde derived from ethanol metabolism, as well as oxidation of various other endogenous and exogenous aldehydes. Acetaldehyde produces the vasodilatation in the "Asian flushing syndrome". The antibodies against the GroEl chaperonin protein, a 62-kDa heat shock protein were found in the Bacillus oleronius isolated from Demodex mites, in rosacea patients. The GroEl chaperonin protein is a protein that plays a key role in normal folding of ALDH2. If the GroEl chaperonin antibodies found in patients with rosacea, cross react with the human GroEl chaperonin protein, they will not fold normally the ALDH2, and then the enzyme will not metabolize the acetaldehyde. Many of the patients with rosacea have a concomitant infection with Helicobacter pylori in their stomach. The H.pylori produces high amounts of acetaldehyde, which comes from their metabolism of ethanol or carbohydrates. As a result, high amounts of acetaldehyde will circulate for longer time in the blood, until the liver CYP2E1(p450) enzyme system finally metabilizes the acetaldehyde, during that period of time the patients will experience a flushing as well as the people with the "Asian flushing syndrome" suffer when they drink ethanol. To prove the hypothesis it is necessary to find the cross reaction between the GroEl chaperonin antibodies against the B.oleronius and human GroEl chaperonin. Four groups of patients will be studied with or without the GroEl chaperonin antibodies, and H.Pylori. The production of acetaldehyde will be tested by the ethanol-derived microbial production method. If the hypothesis proves to be true, the treatment of Demodex mites and the H. pylori could improve the flushing in the rosacea patients and it will prevent the angiogenesis (telangiectasia), and the association of the gastric injury and carcinogenesis in those patients.

PMID: 25683389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25683389?dopt=Abstract = URL to article

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