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Dermatology. 2021 Sep 7:1-6. doi: 10.1159/000518220. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevalence and impact of pruritus, pain, and other sensory symptoms in skin diseases are poorly known.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of these symptoms with dermatoses and their association with depression using data from the "Objectifs Peau" survey.

METHODS: A representative sample of 20,012 French individuals was created using the usual quota method.

RESULTS: When patients suffered from both pruritus and skin pain, they had a higher relative risk of psychological suffering (2.9) than those who suffered only from pruritus (1.4) or skin pain (1.2). Pruritus was reported in 48.55% of patients with acne, 43.24% with mycoses, 44.35% with warts, and 36.51% with rosacea. For skin pain, the results were 11.22%, 27.59%, and 16.13% for atopic dermatitis, acne, and warts, respectively. Other unpleasant sensations, such as tingling or burning, were also frequently reported.

CONCLUSION: Pruritus, pain, or other sensory symptoms were found to be common not only in classic pruritic skin diseases but also in acne, rosacea, or warts. The association of pruritus and pain dramatically increased psychological suffering. These symptoms must be systematically searched for in patients, especially since new therapeutic possibilities are emerging for the symptomatic treatment of pruritus.

PMID:34515100 | DOI:10.1159/000518220

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