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J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2021 Aug;14(8):14-21. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

ABSTRACT

Rosacea is one of the most common inflammatory skin diseases in the United States, with a complex pathophysiology. One of the major components of the pathophysiology of rosacea is an abnormal immune detection and response to stimuli. Tetracyclines and their derivatives, including minocycline and doxycycline, have anti-inflammatory properties independent of their antibacterial activity that correlate with certain aspects of the pathophysiology, and these drugs are often used by dermatologists to treat rosacea. Biological actions of tetracyclines correlating with rosacea include anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities, inhibitory effects on angiogenesis, and proteolysis. The objective of this review is to re-establish the current understanding of tetracyclines and their mechanism of action as they relate to the pathophysiology and treatment of rosacea for clinicians. This includes reviewing the inflammatory aspects of rosacea that correlate with the known nonantibiotic properties of tetracyclines and providing the most up-to-date clinical evidence supporting the use of tetracyclines to treat rosacea. Given the evolving and multifactorial nature of pathophysiology, this review offers clinicians a unified picture that includes research on the links between rosacea pathophysiology and clinical presentation, the nonantibiotic properties of tetracyclines that relate to pathophysiologic pathways in rosacea, and the potential for clinical application of tetracyclines in rosacea therapy.

PMID:34840653 | PMC:PMC8570659

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