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Tear fluid levels of MMP-8 are elevated in ocular rosacea--treatment effect of oral doxycycline.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2006 Aug;244(8):957-62

Authors: Määttä M, Kari O, Tervahartiala T, Peltonen S, Kari M, Saari M, Sorsa T

BACKGROUND: Ocular rosacea (OcR) is a chronic inflammatory disease especially affecting lid margins. Previous studies have shown that it is accompanied by increased levels and activation of tear fluid gelatinases. Matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8; collagenase 2) levels and activation are commonly elevated in many inflammatory conditions. Therefore we studied here whether MMP-8 concentration and activation in tear fluid are increased also in OcR, and if an oral doxycycline regimen could rectify the situation. METHODS: Tear fluid samples were collected from 22 OcR patients and 22 healthy controls. The OcR patients were then treated with an oral doxycycline regimen for 8 weeks and tear fluid samples collected again after 4 and 8 weeks. Conjunctival brush cytology and patients' subjective symptoms were scored. MMP-8 concentrations in the tear fluid were assessed by immunofluorometric assay and the molecular forms and isoenzyme expression of MMP-8 were studied by Western immunoblotting. RESULTS: The mean MMP-8 concentration was statistically significantly higher in OcR (156.8+/-207.4 mug/ml) than in the normal subjects (53.5+/-66.7 mug/ml) (P=0.036), but decreased to 79.2+/-141.6 mug/l and 53.6+/-75.2 mug/l after 4 and 8 weeks doxycycline treatment, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between the untreated OcR and the MMP-8 results after 4 or 8 weeks of oral doxycycline (P=0.041 and 0.069, respectively) and the OcR patients experienced statistically significant relief of their subjective symptoms (P=0.0001) after the doxycycline regimen. Both the normal and OcR tear fluid contained the larger, 60-80 kDa highly- glycosylated polymorphonuclear leukocyte-type MMP-8 isoform in Western immunoblotting, but not the 45-55 kDa less glycosylated mesenchymal-type isoform. MMP-8 activation was in practice present only in the OcR samples, and was inhibited by oral doxycycline. CONCLUSIONS: MMP-8 concentration and activation degree in tear fluid are increased in OcR, probably reflecting increased inflammatory activity. Doxycycline effectively reduces these pathologically excessive levels and activation of MMP-8, and relieves patients' subjective symptoms.

PMID: 16411105 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...p;dopt=Abstract = URL to article

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