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Turk J Ophthalmol. 2021 Dec 28;51(6):338-343. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2021.05031.


OBJECTIVES: To report the most frequent signs in ocular rosacea and evaluate their association with skin findings.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients diagnosed with rosacea by a trained dermatologist were evaluated by an ocular surface specialist. A complete ophthalmological examination was performed.

RESULTS: In our study, the prevalence of ocular signs in patients with rosacea was 74.5%. The average age at presentation was 50 years and women were more affected than men. The most common findings were lid margin erythema, meibomian gland dysfunction, and blepharitis. Fifteen patients had decreased visual acuity due to complications related to rosacea such as leukoma and corneal neovascularization. Interestingly, patients that had the lowest visual acuity presented with dermatological signs of papules and pustules (p=0.001) and rhinophyma (p=0.023). Two patients who showed subepithelial fibrosis and fornix foreshortening were diagnosed as having ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP) by immunohistopathological analysis of conjunctival specimens.

CONCLUSION: Ocular compromise is common in rosacea. Our study shows that there might be a relationship between the severity of ocular involvement and certain subtypes of cutaneous disease. Rosacea and OCP may coexist. In cases that present with conjunctival fibrotic changes, a diagnostic biopsy is mandatory.

PMID:34963260 | DOI:10.4274/tjo.galenos.2021.05031

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