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PubMed RSS Feed - -Case Report: A New Gain-of-Function Mutation of STAT1 Identified in a Patient With Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis and Rosacea-Like Demodicosis: An Emerging Association


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Front Immunol. 2021 Dec 20;12:760019. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.760019. eCollection 2021.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Heterozygous missense STAT1 mutations leading to a gain of function (GOF) are the most frequent genetic cause of chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC). We describe the case of a patient presenting a new GOF mutation of STAT1 with the clinical symptoms of CMC, recurrent pneumonia, and persistent central erythema with papulopustules with ocular involvement related to rosacea-like demodicosis.

METHODS: Genetic analysis via targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS; NGS panel DIPAI v.1) exploring the 98 genes most frequently involved in primary immunodeficiencies, including STAT1, was performed to identify an underlying genetic defect.

RESULTS: NGS identified a novel variant of STAT1, c.884C>A (exon 10), p.T295Y, not previously described. This variant was found to be gain of function using an in vitro luciferase reporter assay. Rosacea-like demodicosis was confirmed by substantial Demodex proliferation observed via the microscopic examination of a cutaneous sample. A review of literature retrieved 20 other cases of STAT1 GOF mutations associated with early-onset rosacea-like demodicosis, most with ocular involvement.

CONCLUSION: We describe a new STAT1 GOF mutation associated with a phenotype of CMC and rosacea-like demodicosis. Rosacea-like demodicosis appears as a novel and important clinical phenotype among patients with STAT1 GOF mutation.

PMID:34987506 | PMC:PMC8721043 | DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2021.760019

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