Jump to content

PubMed RSS Feed - -Mas-related G protein-coupled receptors X (MRGPRX): Orphan GPCRs with potential as targets for future drugs


Recommended Posts

Pharmacol Ther. 2022 Aug 4:108259. doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2022.108259. Online ahead of print.


Mas-related G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) of subfamily X, designated MRGPRX, are primate-specific orphan receptors that belong to the δ-branch of rhodopsin-like, class A GPCRs. Four distinct subtypes exist, MRGPRX1, -2, -3, and -4, MRGPRX2 having the lowest degree of similarity with the others. Due to their expression on sensory neurons and immune cells, and their roles in pain perception and transmission, itch, inflammation, immune defense, pseudo-allergic reactions, wound healing, and possibly cancer, they have recently attracted much attention as novel drug targets. In particular MRGPRX2 was identified as an important mast cell receptor responsible for anaphylactoid drug reactions, and involved in skin and mucosal diseases, e.g. urticaria, atopic dermatitis, rosacea, and allergic rhinitis. A major hurdle has been the lack of animal models for studying these primate-specific receptors. However, recently humanized mice have been created. Moreover, a mouse ortholog of MRGPRX2, MRGPRB2, was identified, both receptors having a certain degree of similarity. MRGPRX1 and -2 can be activated by various peptides and small (partly peptidomimetic) molecules. MRGPRX2 is additionally activated by a very broad range of basic molecules, positively charged at physiologic pH value of 7.4, including many drugs. MRGPRX4 is activated by small acidic molecules including bile acids. For MRGPRX3, no ligands have been reported yet. Antagonists with reasonable potency and selectivity have been described for MRGPRX1, and few antagonists also for MRGPRX2, but not for the other subtypes. The recent elucidation of cryogenic electron microscopy structures of MRGPRX2 and -4 is expected to facilitate and advance drug development for these receptors. Currently, research on MRGPRX is still in its infancy, and exciting discoveries can be awaited. These receptors have great potential as future drug targets.

PMID:35934214 | DOI:10.1016/j.pharmthera.2022.108259

{url} = URL to article

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now
  • Create New...

Important Information

Terms of Use