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PubMed RSS Feed - -Contact Allergy in the Elderly: A Study of 600 Patients


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Life (Basel). 2022 Aug 13;12(8):1228. doi: 10.3390/life12081228.


The proportion of elderly in the general population is increasing. Ageing of the skin and immune system can modify the features of contact hypersensitivity (CH). The number of epidemiological studies according to the age-related features of CH is very limited. We aimed to analyse the clinical characteristics of CH in an elderly patient population. A total of 600 patients (patient age > 60 years old) were patch tested with the European Environmental Baseline Series (EEBS) and 440 of them with the Complementary Fragrance Series (CFS) at the same time according to the actual international methodological standards in the Allergy Outpatient Unit of Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Dermato-Oncology of Semmelweis University between 2015-2019. Out of 600 tested patients, 54.8% had at least one allergen positivity. Female predominance was observed (78.7%). The most common diagnosis was contact dermatitis (63.7%), followed by psoriasis (6.2%). Most of the cases (58.0%) were found in the age group of 60-69. The five most common contact allergens were benzoic acid, methylisothiazolinone (MI), wood tar, nickel, and balsam of Peru. Allergic skin symptoms are present in all ages and also in the elderly. According to our data, the most common contact allergens are preservatives, followed by balsam of Peru among men and nickel among women. In case of contact dermatitis, stasis dermatitis, rosacea, and atopic dermatitis are worth patch testing to verify CH even in those above 60 years old.

PMID:36013408 | DOI:10.3390/life12081228

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