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PubMed RSS Feed - -Serum Zinc-Alpha-2 Glycoprotein and Insulin Levels and Their Correlation with Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Rosacea


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J Cosmet Dermatol. 2022 Oct 7. doi: 10.1111/jocd.15447. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance may accompany rosacea. Zinc alpha-2 glycoprotein (ZAG) is an adipokine involved in lipid, glucose, and insulin metabolism, might be associated with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance.

AIMS: To investigate the serum ZAG levels, presence of metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and the correlation between ZAG levels, rosacea severity and metabolic syndrome in patients with rosacea.

PATIENTS/ METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with rosacea and 80 healthy volunteers were included. Anthropometric and demographic features, personal and family histories, clinical data, the subtype, severity, and duration of rosacea were recorded. Metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia were evaluated in both groups. Fasting blood sugar, lipid panel, C-reactive protein, sedimentation rate, insulin and serum ZAG levels were investigated.

RESULTS: Frequency of metabolic syndrome, systolic and diastolic blood pressures and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in the rosacea group (p<0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). Frequency of dyslipidemia and insulin resistance did not significantly differ between the groups (p=0.175 and p=0.694, respectively). The mean serum ZAG levels were lower in rosacea group, but no significant difference was evident. In rosacea patients with metabolic syndrome, serum ZAG levels were significantly lower (p=0.043), however, serum ZAG levels, insulin, and the homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance values were significantly higher (p=0.168, p=0.013 and p=0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome, high blood pressures and high C-reactive protein levels were associated with rosacea indicating the chronic systemic inflammation. ZAG levels were associated with metabolic syndrome in patients with rosacea, but not associated with rosacea subtype and disease severity.

PMID:36207990 | DOI:10.1111/jocd.15447

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