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PubMed RSS Feed - -Enhanced skin localization of metronidazole using solid lipid microparticles incorporated into polymeric hydrogels for potential improved of rosacea treatment: An ex vivo proof of concept investigation


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Int J Pharm. 2022 Oct 21:122327. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2022.122327. Online ahead of print.


Metronidazole (MNZ) is a nitroimidazole derivative antibiotic that has been generally used in the treatment of rosacea. However, it has low molecular weight and lipophilicity, limiting the effectiveness of MNZ in the topical treatment of rosacea. This study reports an MNZ-loaded solid lipid microparticle (SLM) gel formulation with sustained drug release effects required in the treatment of rosacea. SLM was formulated using the double emulsification method with five different concentrations of glyceryl monostearate (GMS) as a solid lipid used to encapsulate MNZ. All the MNZ-loaded SLM formulas were extensively characterized by various analytical tools. After optimized MNZ-loaded SLM formulation was obtained, then formulated into gel preparation. To obtain a gel formula with good physical characteristics and drug release in the development of topical therapy, the SLM-loaded gel was further evaluated, covering various parameters such as pH, viscosity, rheology, spreadability, extrudability, skin occlusivity, gel strength, permeation and retention ex vivo, as well as hemolysis tests and antioxidant activity. The evaluation results showed that the SLM formulations had desired properties with optimum encapsulation efficiency. Moreover, the gels prepared from carbomer possessed desired characteristics and were found to be hemocompatible. In addition, the gel formula with a carbomer concentration of 1.25% can provide better drug release with the highest MNZ retention after 24 hours of 2.35 ± 0.05 mg. Notably, the formulation of MNZ into SLM and hydrogel did not affect the antioxidant activity. Thus, it can provide continuous drug release, which could potentially be useful in increasing efficacy in rosacea therapy. The results obtained also showed a significant difference (p < 0.05) compared to the control formula and other formulas. Therefore, this study has proven a new approach to developing drug delivery systems for rosacea treatment.

PMID:36280218 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2022.122327

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