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PubMed RSS Feed - -Granulomatous rosacea in Chinese patients: Clinical-histopathological analysis and pathogenesis exploration


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J Dermatol. 2023 Apr 5. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.16767. Online ahead of print.


The pathogenesis of granulomatous rosacea (GR), the only variant of rosacea, is unclear. To investigate the differences between GR and non-granulomatous rosacea (NGR) in clinical characteristics, histopathological changes and gene expression for the purpose of providing new ideas on the pathogenesis of rosacea. A total of 30 GR and 60 NGR patients were included. Their clinical and histopathological information was collected retrospectively, and the characteristics of immune cell infiltration were investigated by multiple immunohistochemical staining. RNA sequencing and transcriptome analysis were performed on three pairs of skin samples from GR and NGR patients, respectively. Then, the expressions of candidate genes that were potentially associated with granuloma formation were verified by immunohistochemical staining. It was found that GR patients were more prone to the occurrence of rosacea in the forehead, periocular and perioral skin (p = 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.001), and presented more severe papules and pustules when compared with NGR patients (p = 0.032). For histopathological features, the inflammatory cells primarily infiltrated around hair follicles in the GR group and around blood vessels in the NGR group. In addition, the neutrophils were richer (p = 0.036) and the expression levels of CD4+ , CD8+ and CD68+ cells were higher (p = 0.047, p < 0.001, p < 0.001) in the GR group than in the NGR group. In addition, the GR group had apparent collagen hyperplasia (p = 0.026). A total of 420 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected, and bioinformatics analysis showed that the DEGs were enriched in neutrophil activation, adaptive immune response and other biological processes. Lastly, the candidate genes related to neutrophil activation and collagen hyperplasia, i.e., Cathepsin S (CTSS), Cathepsin Z (CTSZ) and matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9), were confirmed to be highly expressed in the GR group. The clinical and histopathological features of GR exhibited a very diverse pattern compared with NGR, and the underlying mechanisms may be related to neutrophil activation and collagen hyperplasia.

PMID:37020415 | DOI:10.1111/1346-8138.16767

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