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Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2023 Apr 9:1-7. doi: 10.1080/09286586.2023.2199838. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with chalazion diagnosis and surgical excision.

METHODS: Patients with an incident chalazion diagnosis from 2002 to 2019 were compared 1:5 with matched controls. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify variables associated with diagnosis and surgical excision.

RESULTS: Chalazion patients (n = 134,959) and controls (678,160) were analyzed. Risk factors for diagnosis included female sex, non-white race, northeast location, conditions affecting periocular skin and tear film (blepharitis, meibomian gland dysfunction, rosacea, pterygium), non-ocular inflammatory conditions (gastritis, inflammatory bowel disease, sarcoidosis, seborrheic dermatitis, Graves' disease), and smoking (p < .001 for all comparisons). Thirteen percent of patients with chalazion underwent subsequent surgical excision. Diabetes and systemic sclerosis diagnoses decreased odds of diagnosis (p < .001). Male sex, rosacea diagnosis, Black and Hispanic race, antibiotic use, and doxycycline use increased odds of surgery (p < .001).

CONCLUSION: Female sex, non-white race, conditions affecting periocular skin and the tear film, several non-ocular inflammatory conditions, and smoking were risk factors for chalazion diagnosis. Male sex, rosacea diagnosis, Black and Hispanic race, antibiotic use, and doxycycline use were risk factors for surgical intervention for chalazion. Our results prompt further study of these variables and their relationship to chalazion diagnosis to understand physiology and improve clinical outcomes. Furthermore, the results of this study suggest early recognition and treatment of concomitant rosacea may serve an important role in the management of chalazion and in the prevention of surgical intervention.

PMID:37032590 | DOI:10.1080/09286586.2023.2199838

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