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PubMed RSS Feed - -Automated Facial Acne Lesion Detecting and Counting Algorithm for Acne Severity Evaluation and Its Utility in Assisting Dermatologists


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Am J Clin Dermatol. 2023 May 9. doi: 10.1007/s40257-023-00777-5. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Although lesion counting is an evaluation method that effectively analyzes facial acne severity, its usage is limited because of difficult implementation.

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop and validate an automated algorithm that detects and counts acne lesions by type, and to evaluate its clinical applicability as an assistance tool through a reader test.

METHODS: A total of 20,699 lesions (closed and open comedones, papules, nodules/cysts, and pustules) were manually labeled on 1213 facial images of 398 facial acne photography sets (frontal and both lateral views) acquired from 258 patients and used for training and validating algorithms based on a convolutional neural network for classifying five classes of acne lesions or for binary classification into noninflammatory and inflammatory lesions.

RESULTS: In the validation dataset, the highest mean average precision was 28.48 for the binary classification algorithm. Pearson's correlation of lesion counts between algorithm and ground-truth was 0.72 (noninflammatory) and 0.90 (inflammatory), respectively. In the reader test, eight readers (100.0%) detected and counted lesions more accurately using the algorithm compared with the reader-alone evaluation.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our algorithm demonstrated clinically applicable performance in detecting and counting facial acne lesions by type and its utility as an assistance tool for evaluating acne severity.

PMID:37160644 | DOI:10.1007/s40257-023-00777-5

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