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Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2023;123(4. Vyp. 2):36-43. doi: 10.17116/jnevro202312304236.


OBJECTIVE: Development of a clinical typology of nosogenic psychosomatic disorders in patients with skin diseases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the interclinical psychosomatic department of the Clinical Center and the Clinic of Skin and Venereal Diseases named after. V.A. Rakhmanov Sechenov University in 2007 to 2022. Nine hundred and forty-two patients (253 males, 689 females, average age 37.3±12.4 years) with nosogenic psychosomatic disorders in chronic dermatoses, including ichen planus (n=143), psoriasis (n=137), atopic dermatitis (n=132), acne (n=118), rosacea (n=115), eczema n=10), seborrheic dermatitis (n=88), vitiligo (n=52), pemphigus (n=48), were studied. Index of clinical symptoms (ICS); the Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DQLI); itching severity questionnaire - Behavioral rating scores (BRS); the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and statistical methods were used.

RESULTS: In patients with chronic dermatoses, nosogenic psychosomatic disorders were diagnosed according to ICD-10 criteria within adaptation disorders [F43.8] (n=465; 49.3%); hypochondriacal disorder [F45.2] (n=235; 24.9%); constitutionally determined and acquired (hypochondriac development) personality disorders [F60] (n=118; 12.5%); schizotypal disorder [F21] (n=65; 6.9%); recurrent depressive disorder [F33] (n=59; 6.2%). A typological model of nosogenic disorders in dermatology has been developed: hypochondriacal nosogenies in severe clinical forms of dermatosis (pemphigus, psoriasis, lichen planus, atopic dermatitis, eczema) and dysmorphic nosogenies in objectively mild, but cosmetically significant forms of dermatosis (acne, rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, vitiligo). When analyzing socio-demographic and psychometric indicators, significant differences were revealed between the selected groups (p<0.001). In turn, the selected groups of nosogenic disorders demonstrate significant clinical heterogeneity and include various types of nosogenies that form a unique palette of the nosogenic spectrum in the structure of an extensive psychodermatological continuum. Along with the severity of the skin process, the dominant role in the formation of the clinical picture of nosogeny, including cases of paradoxical dissociation of the quality of life with the severity of dermatosis, amplification and somatization of itching, has a premorbid personality structure and somatoperceptive accentuation of the patient, as well as the presence of a comorbid mental disorder.

CONCLUSION: The typology of nosogenic psychosomatic disorders in patients with skin diseases requires consideration of both the psychopathological structure of the disorders under discussion and the severity/clinical features of the skin process.

PMID:37141127 | DOI:10.17116/jnevro202312304236

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