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PubMed RSS Feed - -<em>Chlamydia pneumoniae</em> Seropositivity in the Iranian Patients with the Skin Inflammatory Disorder of Rosacea


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Adv Biomed Res. 2023 Mar 28;12:72. doi: 10.4103/abr.abr_233_21. eCollection 2023.


BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a skin chronic inflammation with an unknown cause and cure. Environmental and genetic factors could not entirely explain the disease pathogenesis. Recently, infections like Chlamydia pneumoniae are of more attention in the rosacea progression. This study investigated the relationship between the C. pneumoniae seropositivity and the rosacea disorder.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We aimed at a cohort of 100 patients with the rosacea disorder (60 active and 40 inactive) and from 100 sex- and age-matched healthy controls in Isfahan and determined the immunoglobulin M (IgM)/IgG antibodies titers to C. pneumoniae in the serum using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. The groups were compared using the analysis of variance procedure at the significant level of P < 0.05, statistically.

RESULTS: The mean of IgG in the controls was significantly higher than the levels in both the active and the inactive rosacea patients (p < 0.022). Also, the titer of serum IgM to C. pneumoniae in the controls was different, compared with the active (p < 0.019) and the inactive (p < 0.02) rosacea patients. In addition, the median titer of serum IgG (not IgM) to C. pneumoniae in the females with the inactive rosacea disorder was lower than the active rosacea disorder (p < 0.019) and controls women (p < 0.008). Furthermore, the serum level of IgG or IgM to C. pneumoniae in the controls males was higher than the males with the rosacea disorder (p < 0.05) and (p < 0.02), alternatively.

CONCLUSION: C. pneumoniae seropositivity in the rosacea patients and controls was insignificant.

PMID:37200759 | PMC:PMC10186054 | DOI:10.4103/abr.abr_233_21

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