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PubMed RSS Feed - -Increased Risk of Glaucoma in Patients with Rosacea: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study


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J Clin Med. 2023 May 30;12(11):3759. doi: 10.3390/jcm12113759.


Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with various ocular manifestations. However, little is known about the association between rosacea and glaucoma. This study aimed to determine the risk of glaucoma in patients with rosacea. This nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study enrolled 1056 individuals with rosacea and 10,440 age- and sex-matched controls without rosacea from the Korean National Health Insurance System (NHIS) database from 2002 to 2015. The incidence rate of glaucoma was 1215.4 per 100,000 person-years (PYs) in patients with rosacea and 741.3 per 100,000 PYs in patients without rosacea. A significantly higher cumulative incidence probability of glaucoma was observed in patients with rosacea than in non-rosacea controls (p = 0.0004). Rosacea was associated with an increased risk of developing glaucoma (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.659; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.245-2.211) compared to those without rosacea. In subgroup analysis, increased risk of glaucoma was observed in patients with rosacea younger than 50 years (aHR, 1.943; 95% CI, 1.305-2.893), females (aHR, 1.871; 95% CI, 1.324-2.644), and patients with hypertension (aHR, 1.561; 95% CI, 1.037-2.351) compared to those without rosacea. Rosacea is associated with an increased risk of developing glaucoma. Proper screening for glaucoma should be conducted in rosacea patients younger than 50 years, females, and patients with hypertension to better control the disease and prevent vision loss from glaucoma.

PMID:37297954 | PMC:PMC10253517 | DOI:10.3390/jcm12113759

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