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PubMed RSS Feed - -Reduction of Erythema in Moderate-Severe Rosacea by a Low Molecular Weight Heparan Sulfate Analog (HSA)


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J Drugs Dermatol. 2023 Jun 1;22(6):546-553. doi: 10.36849/JDD.7494.


Rosacea changes are a result of an immune mediated response and the angiogenic properties of the LL-37 peptide. This peptide induces an inflammatory signal that activates the NLRP3-mediated inflammasome, triggering rosacea pathogenesis. Research findings show that LL-37 peptide is inhibited by binding to a cell surface glycosaminoglycan, heparan sulfate. Heparan Sulfate Analog (HSA) is a proprietary low molecular weight analog of heparan sulfate that has been formulated into a Dermal Repair Cream (DRC), specifically to aid in such immune mediated responses. Herein, in vitro studies using human epidermal keratinocytes showed an increase in HSA decreased LL-37 toxicity and IL-8 cytokine release. A single-center, randomized double-blind trial included 16 subjects (Fitzpatrick skin types I-IV) with a clinical diagnosis of type 1 rosacea and moderate to severe facial erythema, who were undergoing Pulsed Dye Laser (PDL) treatment. The clinical improvements of their facial erythema were assessed at baseline, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks. Results revealed that low molecular weight HSA significantly improves the clinical signs of rosacea during the 8 weeks of use likely resulting from inhibition of LL-37 induced IL-8 cytokine release. These findings support the use of DRC in rosacea topical treatment regimens as it demonstrates visible skin benefits and improves tolerability of PDL therapy in a shorter duration of time as compared with PDL alone.George R, Gallo RL, Cohen JL, et al. Reduction of erythema in moderate-severe rosacea by a low molecular weight Heparan Sulfate Analog (HSA). J Drugs Dermatol. 2023;22(6):546-553. doi:10.36849/JDD.7494.

PMID:37276169 | DOI:10.36849/JDD.7494

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