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PubMed RSS Feed - -Cross-Sectional Study of Psoriasis, Atopic Dermatitis, Rosacea, and Alopecia Areata Suggests Association With Cardiovascular Diseases


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J Drugs Dermatol. 2023 Jun 1;22(6):576-581. doi: 10.36849/JDD.7424.


BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that several inflammatory skin diseases (ISDs) are associated with systemic inflammation and cardiovascular disease (CVDs).

METHODS: We used the TriNetX analytics platform to conduct a retrospective, cross-sectional, single-center study in the Mount Sinai Health System network. Cases (all patients ≥18 years of age with a diagnosis of 1 of the 4 ISDs studied) were compared with matched controls (no history of any of these ISDs) to evaluate odds ratios for being diagnosed with CVD.

RESULTS: We identified a total of 70,090 patients with ISDs, including 35,160 patients with atopic dermatitis, 19,490 with psoriasis, 12,470 with rosacea, and 2,970 with alopecia areata, and 70,090 propensity score-matched controls without any of these ISDs. Patients with atopic dermatitis and psoriasis had significantly increased odds of all CVD diagnoses analyzed compared to controls (P<0.001 for all comparisons). Patients with rosacea had significantly increased odds of being diagnosed with all diseases of the circulatory system (P<0.001), hypertensive diseases (P<0.001), cerebrovascular diseases (P=0.037), and arterial disease (P<0.001) compared to controls. Patients with alopecia areata had increased odds for all diseases of the circulatory system (P<0.001), hypertensive diseases (P<0.001), and arterial disease (P<0.001). The prevalence of patients with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels was significantly greater in all ISD groups compared to controls.

CONCLUSION: This study identified significant associations between ISDs and several CVD diagnoses. Furthermore, CRP and ESR were elevated in all ISD groups compared to controls. Pagan AD, Jung S, Caldas S, et al. Cross-sectional study of psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, rosacea, and alopecia areata suggests association with cardiovascular diseases. J Drugs Dermatol. 2023;22(6):576-581. doi:10.36849/JDD.7424.

PMID:37276159 | DOI:10.36849/JDD.7424

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