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[Cyclosporine eye drops: A 4-year retrospective study (2009-2013)].

J Fr Ophtalmol. 2015 Sep 11;

Authors: Kauss Hornecker M, Charles Weber S, Brandely Piat ML, Darrodes M, Jomaa K, Chast F

INTRODUCTION: The University Hospitals Paris Centre Pharmacy compounds three concentrations of cyclosporine eye drops: 20mg/mL (=2%); 5mg/mL (=0.5%) and 0.5mg/mL (=0.05%). Cyclosporine A 2% drops were developed in 1995 to prevent the rejection of high-risk cornea transplants after failure of topical steroids. The other concentrations of eye drops were developed for the treatment of various immune or inflammatory diseases of the cornea, conjunctiva and uvea. These eye drops are dispensed with a physician's prescription to hospitalized or ambulatory patients. A retrospective study over 4 years (2009-2013) was conducted to analyze the details of prescription and possible adverse events.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dispensations made from January 1st, 2009 through December 31st, 2013 were studied, including patient age, dose of cyclosporine and practice location of prescribing physician. We also recorded the indications for cyclosporine eye drops in a sample of ambulatory patients. The analysis of local tolerability and the effect on visual comfort was based on questionnaires sent to the patients on cyclosporine 2% over a period of 2 months.
RESULTS: Cyclosporine eye drops prescription grew continuously from 2009 through 2013 for all concentrations. In 2013, 5859patients were treated, among which 3616patients with topical cyclosporine 2%, 1681patients with 0.5%, and 562 patients with 0.05%. In total, this represents 62,621 eye drops. Treated patients ranged from 1 week to 100 years old. Topical 2% cyclosporine is indicated in 61% of cases to prevent high-risk corneal graft rejection. Other indications are corneal ulcer (6%), atopic keratoconjunctivitis (5%), vernal keratoconjunctivitis (5%) and herpetic keratitis (4%). Topical 0.5% cyclosporine is prescribed primarily for dry eye syndrome (20%) and to prevent rejection of high-risk corneal transplantation (11%), to treat ocular rosacea (10%), vernal keratoconjunctivitis (10%), atopic keratoconjunctivitis (8%) and Sjögren's syndrome (7%). Topical 0.05% cyclosporine is prescribed primarily for dry eye syndrome resistant to conventional treatment (47%) and Sjögren's syndrome (21%). Local tolerability of topical cyclosporine was evaluated in 388 patients. The majority of patients (63%) did not experience any adverse effects. The main side effects are redness, burning sensation and itching.
CONCLUSION: Prescription of various formulations of topical cyclosporine is current practice for surgical indications: rejection of high-risk corneal transplantation; or medical indications: vernal or atopic keratoconjunctivitis and dry eye syndrome. Further prospective randomized studies would be necessary to validate formulations, doses and indications of cyclosporine eye drops.

PMID: 26371985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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