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PubMed RSS Feed - -Oral Tetracycline-Class Drugs in Dermatology: Impact of Food Intake on Absorption and Efficacy


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Antibiotics (Basel). 2023 Jul 5;12(7):1152. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics12071152.


Tetracycline-class drugs are frequently used in dermatology for their anti-inflammatory properties to treat skin diseases such as acne, rosacea, and hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) clinical guidelines do not offer guidance regarding the co-administration of food with tetracycline-class drugs. The objectives of this study were to review the available evidence regarding whether taking tetracycline-class drugs with food decreases systemic absorption and is associated with an impact on clinical efficacy. A literature search was conducted using the PubMed database between February to May 2023 using the keywords "tetracycline-class drugs", "pharmacokinetics", "absorption", and "dermatology". Inclusion criteria included articles written in English and relevant to the absorption and efficacy of tetracycline-class drugs. This search yielded 131 articles written between 1977 to 2022, of which 29 met the criteria for review. United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved prescribing information for oral formulations of tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, and sarecycline were reviewed. Systemic absorption of tetracycline decreased when co-administered with food. Systemic absorption of oral doxycycline and minocycline was variable with food co-administration. The impact on bioavailability varied with the drug formulation and dosage. The absorption of oral sarecycline decreased when administered with food. Sarecycline is the only oral antibiotic where population pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated limited or no impact of food intake on clinical efficacy. There are no available data for other tetracycline-class drugs in dermatology. If patients find it more tolerable to take doxycycline, minocycline, and sarecycline with food to avoid gastrointestinal distress, this may merit consideration to encourage patient adherence. Since the impact of food intake on absorption varied with the dosage form of doxycycline and minocycline, consulting the appropriate package insert may give clinicians additional insight into differences in the various formulations.

PMID:37508248 | PMC:PMC10376323 | DOI:10.3390/antibiotics12071152

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