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PubMed RSS Feed - -Cutaneous neurogenic inflammation mediated by TRPV1-NGF-TRKA pathway activation in rosacea is exacerbated by the presence of Demodex mites


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J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2023 Aug 22. doi: 10.1111/jdv.19449. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory skin condition that is often refractory to treatment, with frequent relapses. Alterations in the skin immunological response and Demodex mite infestation are the primary aetiologic factors targeted for treatment. Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) is a nociceptive cation channel that plays a role in cutaneous neurogenic pain and can be activated by various rosacea triggers.

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of TRPV1 modulation in rosacea, focussing on Demodex mite colonization and cutaneous neurogenic inflammation.

METHODS: We examined mRNA expression levels according to Demodex population counts. An in vitro study using capsazepine as a TRPV1 antagonist was performed to assess the influence of TRPV1 in keratinocytes. A rosacea-like mouse model was generated by the injection of the 37-amino acid C-terminal cathelicidin peptide (LL37), and changes in the skin, dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and ears were examined.

RESULTS: Increased Demodex mite population counts were associated with increased expression levels of TRPV1, tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) and nerve growth factor (NGF), and these levels could be reduced by capsazepine treatment in keratinocytes. In an in vivo study, the downstream effects of TRPV1 activation were investigated in the skin, DRG and ears of the rosacea-like mouse model.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study are instrumental for understanding the underlying causes of rosacea and could potentially lead to the development of new treatments targeting the NGF-TrkA-TRPV1 pathway. The identification of this pathway as a therapeutic target could represent a major breakthrough for rosacea research, potentially resulting in more effective and targeted rosacea treatments. This study contributes to an improved understanding of rosacea pathophysiology, which may lead to the development of more effective treatments in the future.

PMID:37606610 | DOI:10.1111/jdv.19449

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