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PubMed RSS Feed - -Gluten Intolerance and Its Association With Skin Disorders: A Narrative Review


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Cureus. 2023 Sep 1;15(9):e44549. doi: 10.7759/cureus.44549. eCollection 2023 Sep.


Gluten sensitivity is defined as a chronic intolerance to gluten ingestion in genetically predisposed individuals. The etiology is thought to be immune-mediated and has a variable dermatologic presentation. Celiac disease (CD) is one of the most common forms of gluten intolerance and encompasses a wide range of extra-intestinal pathology, including cutaneous, endocrine, nervous, and hematologic systems. Psoriasis, another long-term inflammatory skin condition, has been linked to significant symptomatic improvement with a gluten-free diet (GFD). Palmoplantar pustulosis (PP), a variant of psoriasis, and aphthous stomatitis, which causes recurrent oral ulcers, have also exhibited beneficial results after the dietary elimination of gluten. In addition to this, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), another immune-mediated skin disorder, is genetically similar to CD and has, therefore, shown tremendous improvement with a GFD. Another highly prevalent long-term skin condition called atopic dermatitis (AD), however, has revealed inconsistent results with gluten elimination and would require further research in the future to yield concrete results. Hereditary angioedema (HA) has shown an association with gluten intolerance in some patients who had symptomatic benefits with a GFD. Similarly, vitiligo and linear IgA bullous dermatosis have also shown some clinical evidence of reversal with a GFD. On the contrary, rosacea enhances the risk of developing CD. This narrative review emphasizes the potential impact of gluten intolerance on different cutaneous conditions and the potential therapeutic effect of a GFD on various symptomatic manifestations. There is a need for additional clinical and observational trials to further expand on the underlying pathophysiology and provide conclusive and comprehensive recommendations for possible dietary interventions.

PMID:37790051 | PMC:PMC10544948 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.44549

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