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PubMed RSS Feed - -Exploring the Association between Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Skin Diseases: A Two-Sample Mendelian Randomization Analysis


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Microorganisms. 2023 Oct 19;11(10):2586. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms11102586.


Emerging research underscores the substantial link between gut flora and various inflammatory skin diseases. We hypothesize that there exists a complex gut-skin axis, possibly affecting the progression of conditions such as eczema, acne, psoriasis, and rosacea. However, the precise nature of the causal connection between gut flora and skin diseases remains unestablished. In this study, we started by compiling summary data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) featuring 211 unique gut microbiota and four types of skin conditions. We scrutinized these data across different taxonomic strata. Subsequently, we leveraged Mendelian randomization (MR) to ascertain if there is a causal link between gut microbiota and these skin conditions. We also performed a bidirectional MR analysis to identify the causality's direction. By utilizing Mendelian randomization, we identified 26 causal connections between the gut microbiome and four recognized inflammatory skin conditions, including 9 positive and 17 negative causal directions. Additional sensitivity analyses of these results revealed no evidence of pleiotropy or heterogeneity. Our MR analysis suggests a causal connection between gut microbiota and skin diseases, potentially providing groundbreaking perspectives for future mechanistic and clinical studies on microbiota-affected skin conditions.

PMID:37894244 | DOI:10.3390/microorganisms11102586

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