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PubMed RSS Feed - -Zinc penetration through the skin barrier in atopic dermatitis and rosacea using reflectance confocal microscopy


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Exp Dermatol. 2023 Nov 1. doi: 10.1111/exd.14971. Online ahead of print.


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent eczematous disorder with a complex pathophysiology caused by skin barrier abnormalities. Rosacea is a common chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disorder that results in diminished skin barrier function. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a non-invasive method for visualizing the dynamic status of epidermal and upper dermal structures. In this study, we compared skin barrier permeability among normal, AD and rosacea groups. To assess skin barrier permeability, zinc was applied to lesional skin and the RCM reflectance intensity of zinc penetration was measured. Reflectance confocal microscopy revealed that the intensity in patients with rosacea and AD was higher than that in the normal group at depths of 8-24 μm in both the face and forearm, which were considered as the stratum corneum (SC) and tight junction (TJ) level (p < 0.0001). When comparing AD and rosacea, the intensity of rosacea was higher than that of AD at a depth of 8 μm in the face (p < 0.0001). The intensity of AD was higher than that of rosacea at a depth of 24 μm (p = 0.009). This suggests that skin barrier permeability is increased in the upper epidermis of patients with AD and rosacea. On the face, patients with rosacea had more SC weakness than did those with AD, whereas patients with AD had more TJ weakness than those with rosacea.

PMID:37909707 | DOI:10.1111/exd.14971

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