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J Oleo Sci. 2024;73(2):169-176. doi: 10.5650/jos.ess23189.


Skin disorders, including acne vulgaris, atopic dermatitis, and rosacea, are characterized by the presence of biofilms, which are communities of microorganisms. The mechanical stability of biofilms is attributed to one of their constituents-polysaccharides-which are secreted by microorganisms. Sophorolipids are biosurfactants with biofilm disruption and removal abilities and are expected to become alternatives for classical petrochemical-based surfactants in cosmetics. In this study, we investigated the influence of sophorolipids on β-glucan such as dispersion status, interaction mechanism, and configuration change as a model polysaccharide of biofilm in aqueous solution. Dynamic light scattering measurements showed that sophorolipids interfere with the aggregation of β- glucan in aqueous solutions. In contrast, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), which is used as a typical surfactant reference, promotes the aggregation of β-glucan. The interaction between sophorolipids and β-glucan were investigated using surface tension measurements and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). Surface tension increased only near critical micelle concentration (CMC) region of sophorolipids in the presence of β-glucan. This suggests that the interaction occurred in the solution rather than at the air-liquid interface. Moreover, the results of ITC indicate that hydrophobic interactions were involved in this interaction. In addition, the results of optical rotation measurements indicate that sophorolipids did not unfold the triple helical structure of β-glucan. β-glucan dispersion was expected to be caused steric hindrance and electrostatic repulsion when sophorolipids interacted with β-glucan via hydrophobic interactions owing to the unique molecular structure of sophorolipids attributed by a bulky sugar moiety and a carboxyl functional group. These results demonstrated unique performances of sophorolipids on β-glucan and provided more insights on the efficacy of sophorolipids as good anti-biofilms.

PMID:38311407 | DOI:10.5650/jos.ess23189

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