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PubMed RSS Feed - -Comorbid psychiatric disease significantly mediates increased rates of alcohol use disorder among patients with inflammatory and pigmentary skin disorders: a case-control study in the All of Us Research Program


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Arch Dermatol Res. 2024 Jan 22;316(2):79. doi: 10.1007/s00403-023-02803-2.


Dermatologic diseases have a well-documented association with depression and anxiety, which are in turn often comorbid with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Nonethleess, the relationship between dermatologic disease and AUD, and the relative contribution of depression and anxiety, are poorly understood. Here, we utilize the National Insittutes of Health All of Us Research Program to investigate the association between inflammatory and pigmentary dermatologic diseases with AUD. Furthermore, we investigate whether comorbid depression and anxiety mediates this relationship. We employed a matched case-control model with multivariable logistic regression. We also employed a mediation analysis. We found an increased odds of AUD among patients with atopic dermatitis, acne/rosacea, hidradenitis suppurativa, psoriasis, and pigmentary disorders (vitiligo, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). This was partially mediated by anxiety and depression, especially for diseases with a significant cosmetic component. Overall, these findings highlight the profound psychological and physical health effects that inflammatory and pigmentary disease can have on patients, both independently and in combination with comorbid psychiatric disease.

PMID:38252292 | DOI:10.1007/s00403-023-02803-2

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