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PubMed RSS Feed - -Rosacea is strongly associated with melanoma in Caucasians


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Sci Rep. 2024 May 25;14(1):11949. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-62552-8.


Rosacea is often considered a cosmetic problem but is known to be associated with a variety of comorbidities. To identify such risks, we generated two age- and sex-matched real-world cohorts of 122,444 patients each with and without rosacea. In contrast to earlier studies, we found significant associations with malignant melanoma (OR 6.02, 95% CI 5.76-6.32). This association does not exist for an Asian sub-cohort, which could explain previous inconclusive or conflicting reports. Several strongly associated comorbidities like visual disturbances (ICD-10: H53-H54; OR 4.80, 4.68-4.92), metabolic disorders (E73-E79; OR 3.17, 3.11-3.22), joint problems (M25; OR 4.16, 4.08-4.25) and type 2 diabetes (E11; OR 1.62, 1.58-1.65) should be watched as a risk for rosacea patients. Rosacea is associated with some comorbidities and ethnicity may be a risk factor in melanoma development. The retrospective nature of this study and the sole use of ICD-10 code based filtering calls for future validation of our findings. Additionally, confounding factors such as skin type and previous UV exposure should be included in future studies.

PMID:38789467 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-024-62552-8

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