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PubMed RSS Feed - -Which factors influence Demodex mite density in standardized superficial skin biopsy in patients with rosacea? A prospective cross-sectional analysis


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Arch Dermatol Res. 2024 May 24;316(6):231. doi: 10.1007/s00403-024-03049-2.


Rosacea is a chronic cutaneous disease that manifests with facial erythema, telangiectasia, papules and pustules on the central face. Although the pathogenesis is not well established, rosacea appears to have a close relationship with Demodex mites. The aim of the study was to elucidate the factors influencing Demodex mite density by standardized superficial skin biopsy (SSSB) in patients with rosacea. This prospective, cross-sectional study included 200 patients with rosacea. Clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded and SSSB was used to measure Demodex density (Dd). If Dd was < 5 D/cm2 in the first SSSB, SSSB was repeated 4 more times to avoid false negative results. Of 200 patients, 152 (76%) were females and 48 (24%) males with a mean age of 43.47 ± 11.87 years. Ninety-nine patients (49.5%) had erythematotelangiectatic (ETR) and 101 patients (50.5%) had papulopustular (PPR) subtype of rosacea. Among 200 patients, the ratio of cumulative positive results of the consecutive SSSBs were as follows: 1st SSSB = 125 (62.5%), 2nd SSSB = 155 (77.5%), 3rd SSSB = 170 (85%), 4th SSSB = 173 (86.5%) and 5th SSSB = 174 (87%). The ratio of detecting Demodex infestation in the first SSSB was significantly lower in patients with PPR (55/101, 54.5%) than in patients with ETR (70/99, 70.7%). Median total Demodex mite density and D. folliculorum density were significantly higher in the ETR group than in the PPR group. There was a statistically significant relationship between density of Demodex tails in dermoscopy and positive/negative results of Demodex infestation in SSSB. As a conclusion, Demodex mite density by SSSB was influenced by various factors such as subtypes of rosacea, types of Demodex species, and dermoscopic findings.

PMID:38787449 | DOI:10.1007/s00403-024-03049-2

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