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PubMed RSS Feed - -Efficacy of Treatments in Reducing Inflammatory Lesion Count in Rosacea: A Systematic Review


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J Cutan Med Surg. 2024 May 28:12034754241253195. doi: 10.1177/12034754241253195. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition affecting approximately 5.5% of the global population. Patients present heterogeneously with a mix of features in the central facial region, of which papules and pustules are considered to be a major feature. The identification of effective treatments for reducing inflammatory lesions in rosacea can alleviate the psychosocial burden that many rosacea patients experience, including reduced self-esteem, anxiety, and social withdrawal. The objective of this systematic review is to determine the effectiveness of topical and systemic therapies in reducing lesion count in rosacea patients.

METHODS/RESULTS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched, resulting in the inclusion of 43 clinical trials reporting on a total of 18,347 rosacea patients. The most well-studied treatments include ivermectin, metronidazole, azelaic acid, minocycline, and doxycycline. Oral isotretinoin was the most effective treatment in reducing inflammatory lesions and may be recommended for severe recalcitrant cases of rosacea.

CONCLUSIONS: Several topical and systemic therapies have demonstrated efficacy in reducing inflammatory lesion count in rosacea patients, with mechanisms of action centred around suppressing inflammation and killing Demodex folliculorum mites. Additional research is required to determine effective combination therapies in rosacea.

PMID:38807451 | DOI:10.1177/12034754241253195

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