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Protective Effect of Botulinum Toxin Type A Against Atopic Dermatitis-Like Skin Lesions in NC/Nga Mice.

Dermatol Surg. 2017 Apr 24;:

Authors: Han SB, Kim H, Cho SH, Chung JH, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: Botulinum neurotoxin (BTX) A possesses various biological activities, including anti-inflammatory and antipruritic actions. Human and animal studies have shown that BTX is effective in treating histamine-induced itch, lichen simplex chronicus, psoriasis, rosacea, allergic rhinitis, and scar prevention. However, its effect on atopic dermatitis (AD) has not been studied yet.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of BTX on AD using a mouse model. The primary outcome was skin thickness and transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and the secondary outcome was the alteration in skin severity scores, histological, and laboratory test results.
METHODS: Forty-two NC/Nga mice (a mouse model for AD) were allocated into 6 groups (the untreated, 2-Chloro-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene [TNCB] alone, TNCB + BTX 30 U/kg, TNCB + BTX 60 U/kg, TNCB + vehicle [0.9% saline], TNCB + 0.03% tacrolimus). Those of the BTX group received intradermal injections of BTX on the rostral back once on the day of TNCB sensitization. The effect of BTX in TNCB-treated NC/Nga mice was assessed by measuring skin thickness, TEWL (primary outcome), the skin severity scores, histological changes of test skin including mast cell count, interleukin (IL)-4 mRNA and protein expression, and total serum IgE (secondary outcome).
RESULTS: A single intradermal injection of BTX significantly suppressed skin thickness and TEWL in the TNCB-applied skin. The clinical severity scores, acanthosis and mast cell infiltration, were less in the BTX groups. BTX injection also inhibited TNCB-induced increase in IL-4 mRNA and protein expression in mice, but its effect on serum IgE level was not significant.
CONCLUSION: The preliminary results suggest that BTX may be a novel approach to the prevention and supplemental treatment of acute AD lesions.

PMID: 28445195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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