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Rosacea is associated with Helicobacter pylori: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 May 23;:

Authors: Jørgensen AR, Egeberg A, Gideonsson R, Weinstock LB, Thyssen EP, Thyssen JP

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common skin disease characterized by facial erythema, telangiectasia, papules, and pustules. Helicobacter pylori infection has been suggested to play a role in the etiopathogenesis of rosacea.
OBJECTIVE: Systematically review and meta-analyse the relationship between rosacea and infection with Helicobacter pylori .
METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Data extraction and analyses were performed on descriptive data. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Random effects models with DerSimonian-Laird methods were utilized to estimate pooled odds ratios (ORs), with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Heterogeneity of results was assessed using I² statistics.
RESULTS: A total of 454 articles were identified and 42 full text articles were chosen for further review. 14 studies were included in the quantitative meta-analysis, comprising a total of 928 rosacea patients and 1,527 controls. The overall association between Helicobacter pylori infection and rosacea was non-significant (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.00-2.84, p=0.052), but analysis restricted to C-urea-breath test showed a significant association (OR 3.12, 95% CI 1.92-5.07, p<0.0001). Effect of eradication treatment on rosacea symptoms was assessed in seven studies, but without significant effect (RR 1.28, 95% CI 0.98-1.67, p=0.069).
CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis found weak associations between rosacea and Helicobacter pylori infection as well as an effect of Helicobacter pylori therapy on rosacea symptoms, albeit that these did not reach statistical significance. Whether a pathogenic link between the two conditions exists, or whether Helicobacter pylori infection represents a proxy for other factors remains unknown. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID: 28543746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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