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Rosacea in black South Africans with skin phototypes V and VI.

Clin Exp Dermatol. 2017 Jun 22;:

Authors: Dlova NC, Mosam A

Rosacea is a chronic facial dermatosis considered to affect primarily white patients with light phototype skin, and is poorly documented in black patients. The aim of this study was to document the clinical features of rosacea in patients with phototypes V and VI. An 8-year retrospective chart review of patients with a clinical and histological diagnosis of rosacea or acne rosacea was undertaken. Of 6700 patients, 15 (0.2%) had rosacea. All were of African descent with skin phototype V or VI. Mean age was 47 years, and female : male ratio was 14 : 1. Of the 15 patients, 5 (33%) were positive for human immunodeficiency virus; 5 (33%) had used topical steroids to treat the roseacea; 6 (40%) had phototype V and presented with erythema, telangiectasia and erythematous papules, while 9 (60%) had phototype VI skin and presented with skin-coloured papules; and 10 (67%) had histology showing granulomatous rosacea, while 5 (33%) declined a facial skin biopsy. A high index of suspicion is required to diagnose rosacea in black patients as the classic signs of erythema and telangiectasia are difficult to discern.

PMID: 28639713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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