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Clinically Relevant Reduction in Persistent Facial Erythema of Rosacea on the First Day of Treatment With Oxymetazoline Cream 1.0.

J Drugs Dermatol. 2018 Jun 01;17(6):621-626

Authors: Tanghetti EA, Dover JS, Goldberg DJ, Dhawan SS, Luo L, Berk DR, Ahluwalia G, Alvandi N

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Persistent facial erythema is a clinically challenging feature of rosacea.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate persistent erythema reduction on the first day of treatment from pooled data from two pivotal trials of topical oxymetazoline cream 1.0% (oxymetazoline) in persistent facial erythema of rosacea.
METHODS: In two identically designed, phase 3, multicenter trials, adults with moderate to severe persistent facial erythema of rosacea (Clinician Erythema Assessment [CEA] grade ≥3 and Subject Self-Assessment [SSA] grade ≥3) were randomized 1:1 to once-daily topical oxymetazoline or vehicle; the primary efficacy endpoint was ≥2-grade composite CEA and SSA improvement from baseline on day 29. This post hoc analysis evaluated the proportion of patients achieving ≥1-grade composite and individual CEA and SSA improvement at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours postdose on day 1 (N=885).
RESULTS: Significantly more patients achieved ≥1-grade composite and individual CEA and SSA improvement with the first application of oxymetazoline than with vehicle (P less than 0.001) at all postdose time points, beginning with hour 1. Day 1 safety assessments were similar between treatments.
LIMITATIONS: Short-term, post hoc analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: A ≥1-grade improvement in persistent erythema achieved after the first dose of once-daily topical oxymetazoline demonstrated clinically meaningful improvement from the beginning of therapy. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(6):621-626.

PMID: 29879249 [PubMed - in process]

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