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Long-term effects of intense pulsed light treatment on the ocular surface in patients with rosacea-associated meibomian gland dysfunction.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2018 Jun 26;:

Authors: Seo KY, Kang SM, Ha DY, Chin HS, Jung JW

Abstract
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the long-term effects of intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment in rosacea-associated meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD).
METHODS: We enrolled 17 rosacea subjects with moderate and severe MGD who underwent four IPL sessions at 3-week intervals and were followed up for 12 months. The subjects underwent clinical examinations at baseline (first IPL) and at 3 (second), 6 (third), 9 (fourth), and 12 weeks, as well as 6 and 12 months, after baseline. Ocular surface parameters, including the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), tear break-up time (TBUT), staining score, and noninvasive Keratograph tear break-up time (NIKBUT), as well as meibomian gland parameters, including the lid margin vascularity and meibum expressibility and quality, were evaluated.
RESULTS: All ocular surface and meibomian gland parameters for all subjects exhibited significant changes from baseline to the final examination (Friedman, P < 0.050 for all). In particular, improvements in the lower lid margin vascularity, meibum expressibility and quality, and ocular symptoms persisted up to the final examination (Wilcoxon, P < 0.050 for all). However, the improvements of TBUT, staining score, and NIKBUT after IPL were not maintained at 6 and 12 months after baseline.
CONCLUSIONS: In rosacea-associated MGD, four IPL treatments at 3-week intervals can improve long-term lid parameters and ocular symptoms without adverse effects.

PMID: 29958778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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