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Noninvasive assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rosacea.

G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 2019 Feb 04;:

Authors: Gürel G, Turan Y

BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory cutaneous disorder that is characterized by remissions and relapses that commonly occur in patients over the age of 30 years. There have been many studies in literature evaluating the relationship between cardiovascular disease and psoriasis, which is a chronic inflammatory disease, however, there have been very few studies to date evaluating the relationship between rosacea and cardiovascular disease risk.
METHODS: The study included 52 consecutive rosacea patients and 52 healthy controls matched for age, gender and body mass index. Demographic data, anthropometric measurements, lipid parameters, C-reactive protein (CRP), epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) were recorded.
RESULTS: The main finding of the present study is the significantly higher EFT (p˂0.001) and CIMT (p˂0.001) values identified in patients with rosacea than in the control group and CRP (p=0.004), total cholesterol (p=0.003) and low-density lipoprotein (p=0.004) levels were also significantly higher in the rosacea group. EFT was significantly correlated with CIMT in the rosacea group (p=0.041). Total cholesterol (OR = 1.032, p=0.017), CIMT (OR = 7.391, p˂0.001) and EFT (OR = 3.959, p=0.036) were independently associated with rosacea.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should be aware of the risk of cardiovascular disease when presenting with conditions involving persistent subclinical inflammation, as in the case of rosacea. EFT and CIMT measurements, which are noninvasive, easily accessible and cheap, can be useful to determine cardiovascular risk in rosacea patients.

PMID: 30717569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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