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Epidemiological features of rosacea in Changsha, China: A population-based, cross-sectional study.

J Dermatol. 2020 Mar 24;:

Authors: Li J, Wang B, Deng Y, Shi W, Jian D, Liu F, Huang Y, Tang Y, Zhao Z, Huang X, Li J, Xie H

Abstract
Rosacea is a common chronic skin disorder of unknown etiology. While population prevalence rates range 0.2-22% in Europe and North America, prevalence in China is currently undetermined. We conducted a large population-based case-control study to determine the present epidemiological status of rosacea in China, involving 10 095 participants aged 0-100 years (mean age, 35.5 ± 19.1; 50.5% female). A census of rosacea among 15 communities in Changsha in south central China was conducted with skin examination by board-certified dermatologists. Rosacea was observed in 3.48% (95% confidence interval, 3.13-3.85%) of the study population. Subtype distribution was erythematotelangiectatic in 47.6%, papulopustular in 35.0% and phymatous in 17.4%. Family history was noted in 37.8% and ocular symptoms in 31.3%. Associations with rosacea were observed for melasma, hypertension, hyperthyroidism and breast cancer in females (P < 0.05), and also for hyperthyroidism and peptic ulcers in males (P < 0.05). Our results provide baseline information about epidemiological aspects of rosacea in China.

PMID: 32207167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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